Phymatolithon polymorphum , nom. illeg.
Phymatolithon polymorphum Foslie 1898: 4, nom. illeg.
Published in: Foslie, M. (1898). Systematical survey of the Lithothamnia. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter 1898(2): 1-7.
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Phymatolithon.
Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Phymatolithon calcareum (Pallas) W.H.Adey & D.L.McKibbin ex Woelkering & L.M.Irvine
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.
The supposed basionym Millepora polymorpha Linnaeus, is an illegitimate substitute name for Millepora calcarea Pallas (Spencer, Irvine & Jarvis 2009: 253), and thus cannot serve as the basionym for this name. Accordingly, we have treated Phymatolithon polymorphum Foslie as a new name. It is also a superfluous substitute name. - (16 Feb 2012) - M.D. Guiry
According to Babbini & Bressan (1997) this species is a synonym of Phymatolithon calcareum (Pallas) Adey & McKibbin.
This is a marine species.
Detailed distribution with sources
(as Phymatolithon polymorphum Foslie)
Arctic: Canada (Arctic) (Lee 1980).
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Munda 1979), Balearic Islands (Ribera Siguán & Gómez Garreta 1984), Britain (Newton 1931), Corsica (Boudouresque & Perret 1977), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974), Ireland (Adams 1908, Guiry 1977, Guiry 1978), Spain (Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Gallardo et al. 1985), Spitsbergen (Vinogradova 1995), Sweden (Kylin 1907).
Atlantic Islands: Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972).
North America: Connecticut (CT) (Schneider, Suyemoto & Yarish 1979).
Africa: Tunisia (Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987).
Asia: Japan (Okamura 1936).
Source of current name
Woelkerling, W.J. & Irvine, L.M. (1986). The typification and status of Phymatolithon (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). British Phycological Journal 21: 55-80, 18 figs.
Woelkerling, W.J., Gustavsen, G., Myklebost, H.E., Prestø, T., Såstad, S.M. (2005). The coralline red algal herbarium of Mikael Foslie: revised catalogue with analyses. Gunneria 77: 1-625.
Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel zelenikh, burikh i krasnich odoroslei juzhnikh morei SSSR [Guide to the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of USSR]. pp. 1-398. Moscow, Leningrad: Academia Nauk. [in Russian]
Created: 08 December 1998 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 02 October 2017 by M.D. Guiry
Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1944 times since it was created.
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=13975
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 March 2019.