Lithothamnion fruticulosum (Kützing)
Lithothamnion fruticulosum (Kützing) Foslie 1895: 46
Published in: Foslie, M. (1895). The Norwegian forms of Lithothamnion. Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter 1894: 29-208, 23 pls.
Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Spongites fruticulosus Kützing
Spongites fruticulosus Kützing
Type locality: Mediterranean Sea (Penrose 1996: 150). Lectotype: [Rösler et al. 2016: 421,fig. 2] (epitype) Rhodolith growing on another unidentified sterile coralline. L L943.8-134 (Penrose 1996: 150). Notes: Lectotypified with tetrasporangial plant by Basso & Rodondi (2006). Penrose in Womersley (1996: 277) gives the following data: type from Mediterranean Sea; holotype in L (943, 8-134) illustrated by Woelkerling (1985, figs 23-32) and Penrose (1991, figs 1-3). Epitype: specimen with herbarium voucher GDA61338 from the eastern coast of Spain; 19/10/2010/ Almería, Spain/Cala Chumba/5-10 m/A. Rösler.
Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), small and shrubby.
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.
Specimens supposedly representing Lithothamnion fruticulosum from Ireland (Roundstone, Co. Galway; Johnson & Hensman, 1899) and Cornwall (distributed by Holmes as Algae Britannicae Rariores Exsiccatae nos 292, 262) were found to be Lithophyllum fasciculatum and, probably, Phymatolithon calcareum by Irvine & Chamberlain (1994: 177).
This is a marine species.
Mediterranean Sea (Dawson 1960: 14). Notes: Dawson, 1969 stated Type: Not located. Dr. Roger Meslin has not found in found in the Lamouroux Herbarium at Caen, France, anything corresponding with this despite Kutzings indication “Ueber Die Polp calciferes des Lamouroux"
Detailed distribution with sources
(as Lithothamnion fruticulosum (Kützing) Foslie)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Munda 1979, Ercegovic 1980), Balearic Islands (Lemoine 1924, Buen 1934, Ribera Siguán & Gómez Garreta 1984), Corsica (Boudouresque & Perret 1977), France (Anon. 2017), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974), Ireland (Anonymous 1898, Adams 1908, Guiry 1978), Italy (Giaccone 1969, Cinelli et al. 1976), Spain (Ballesteros 1983, Gallardo et al. 1985), Turkey (Europe) (Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993).
North America: Mexico (Dawson 1960).
Central America: Costa Rica (Fernández-García et al. 2011).
Source of current name
Woelkerling, W.J. (1985). A taxonomic reassessment of Spongites (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta) based on studies of Kützing's original collections. British Phycological Journal 20: 123-153, 51 figs, 3 tables.
Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.
Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.
Created: 30 December 1998 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 17 August 2015 by M.D. Guiry
Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 724 times since it was created.
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=14580
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 July 2019.