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Fucus vesiculosus var. spiralis (Linnaeus) Roth

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Fucales
Family Fucaceae
Genus Fucus

Pictures

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Fucus vesiculosus var. spiralis (Linnaeus) Roth
Fucus spiralis, South of Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Fucus vesiculosus var. spiralis (Linnaeus) Roth
Fucus spiralis, South of Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Fucus vesiculosus var. spiralis (Linnaeus) Roth
Fucus spiralis, South of Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Fucus vesiculosus var. spiralis (Linnaeus) Roth
Fucus spiralis, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Fucus vesiculosus var. spiralis (Linnaeus) Roth
Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Fucus vesiculosus var. spiralis (Linnaeus) Roth
Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Fucus vesiculosus var. spiralis (Linnaeus) Roth
saltmarsh, with Lichina confinis, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2012. 01 Jan 0001. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Fucus vesiculosus var. spiralis (Linnaeus) Roth
saltmarsh, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2012, . 01 Jan 0001. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Fucus vesiculosus var. spiralis (Linnaeus) Roth
Collected near Roscoff (F), December 1984. 29 Dec 2011. Elmar Wosnitza. © Christine Wosnitza.

Fucus vesiculosus var. spiralis (Linnaeus) Roth
North of Spain, 2010. 21 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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Fucus spiralis Linnaeus Kilkee, Co. Clare, Ireland; upper-shore rock platforms. Plants to about 50 mm long
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Fucus vesiculosus var. spiralis (Linnaeus) Roth 1800: 443

Published in: Roth, A.W. (1800). Tentamen florae Germanicae continens enumerationem plantarum in Germania sponte nascentium. Tomus III. Pars prior. pp. [i]-vii, 1-578. Lipsiae [Leipzig]: In Bibliopolio Gleditschiano.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Fucus is Fucus vesiculosus Linnaeus.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Fucus spiralis Linnaeus

Basionym
Fucus spiralis Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: "in Oceano" [Atlantic Ocean] (Linnaeus 1753: 1159). Lectotype: LINN 1274.53 (Børgesen 1909: 119). Notes: "However, in Species Plantarum the diagnosis for F. spiralis is followed by several references to earlier publications, and Linnaeus quotes as a synonym an entity named as "Fucus spiralis maritimum major" in Edition 3 of the Synonpsis of John Ray (1724). The plants on which this entity is based are in Herb. Sherard at Oxford, and I have established that they are true F. spiralis as at present understood; these plants can be used as an acceptable basis for the species Fucus spiralis L." (Powell 1960: 17). Spencer, Irvine & Jarvis (2009: 251) have pointed out that Børgesen (1909: 119, pl. 9) had selected LINN Herb. Linn No. 1274.53

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), covered with little bladders or blisters (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Created: 22 February 2014 by Salvador Valenzuela Miranda

Verified by: 22 February 2014 by Salvador Valenzuela Miranda

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 487 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Billard, E., Daguin, C., Pearson, G., Serrão, E., Engel C. & Valero M. (2005). Genetic isolation between three closely related taxa: Fucus vesiculosus, F. spiralis and F. ceranoides (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 41(4): 900-905.
Billard, E., Serrão, E.A., Pearson, G.A., Engel, C.R., Destombe, C. & Valero, M. (2006). Analysis of sexual phenotype and prezygotic fertility in natural populations of Fucus spiralis, F. vesiculosus (Fucaceae, Phaeophyceae) and their putative hybrids. European Journal of Phycology 40(4): 397-407.
Billard, E., Serrão, E.A., Pearson, G.A., Destombe, C. & Valero, M. (2010). Fucus vesiculosus and spiralis complex: a nested model of local adaptation at the shore level. Marine Ecology Progress Series 405: 163-174.
Cairrao, E., Pereira, M.J., Morgado, F., Nogueira, A.J.A., Guilhermino, L. & Soares, A.M.V.M. (2009). Phenotypic variation of Fucus ceranoides, F. spiralis and F. vesiculosus in a temperate coast (NW Portugal). Botanical Studies 50: 205-215.
Chapman, A. R. O. (1990). Competitive interactions between Fucus spiralis L. and Fucus vesiculosus L. (Fucales, Phaeophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 205-209.
López Rodríguez, Mª.C. & Pérez-Cirera, J.L. (1995). Aportación al conocimiento de la influencia de la contaminación industrial en Fucus vesiculosus y Fucus spiralis en el N.O. de la Península Ibérica. Studia Botanica 13: 21-29.
Margalet, J.L., Almaraz, T., Navarro, M.J. & Pérez-Ruzafa, I.M. (1993). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica. III. Fucus ceranoides L., F. serratus L., F. spiralis L. y F. vesiculosus L. (Fucales, Fucophyceae). Botanica Complutensis 18: 267-290.
Pérez-Ruzafa, M. & Gallardo, T. (1997). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. X. Variedades de Fucus spiralis L. y de F. vesiculosus L. (Fucales, Fucophyceae). Botanica Complutensis 21: 121-136.
Perrin, C., Daguin, C., Van de Vliet, M., Engel, C.R., Pearson, G.A., & Serrão,E.A. (2007). Implications of mating system for genetic diversity of sister algal species: Fucus spiralis and Fucus vesiculosus (Heterokontophyta, Phaeophyceae). European Journal of Phycology 42: 219-230.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=148558

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 September 2018.

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