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Brongniartella byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) F.Schmitz

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Rhodomelaceae
Tribe Lophothalieae
Genus Brongniartella

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Brongniartella byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) F.Schmitz
Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Brongniartella byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) F.Schmitz
Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Brongniartella byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) F.Schmitz
Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Brongniartella byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) F.Schmitz
Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Brongniartella byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) F.Schmitz
Galicia, Ría de Vigo, 2011, subtidal. 24 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Brongniartella byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) F.Schmitz
microscope, Spain, Galicia, Ría de Arosa, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Brongniartella byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) F.Schmitz
microscope, Spain, Galicia, Ría de Arosa, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Brongniartella byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) F.Schmitz
microscope, Spain, Galicia, Ría de Arosa, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Brongniartella byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) F.Schmitz
subtidal (-11m), Spain, Galicia, Ría de Muros, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Brongniartella byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) F.Schmitz
Spain, Galicia, A Coruña, Ría de A Coruña, 2002, microscope. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

 

Ectocarpus hincksiae Harvey

Brongniartella byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) F.Schmitz subtidal (-11m), Spain, Galicia, Ría de Muros, 2007
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Brongniartella byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) F.Schmitz 1893: 217

Published in: Schmitz, F. (1893). Die Gattung Lophothalia J. Ag. Berichte der deutsche botanischen Gesellschaft 11: 212-232.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Brongniartella is Brongniartella elegans Bory.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Vertebrata byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) Kuntze

Basionym
Fucus byssoides Goodenough & Woodward

Type information
Type locality: Christchurch, Hampshire (Maggs & Hommersand 1993: 302). Lectotype: ex herb. Goodenough; 1794; BM-K (Maggs & Hommersand 1993: 302). Notes: Syntype localities: 'Sheppey Island, near Hastings, Weymouth, Exmouth and elsewhere' Goodenough & Woodward 1797: 229 (Parsons 1980: 274).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Conferva byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) Smith 1799
Conferva byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) F.Weber & Mohr 1804
Ceramium byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) C.Agardh 1811
Hutchinsia byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) C.Agardh 1817
Polysiphonia byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) Greville 1824
Dasyclonia byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) J.E.Gray 1864
Lophothalia byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) J.Agardh 1890

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Brongniartella elegans Bory 1822
Polysiphonia solierii J.Agardh 1842
Polysiphonia lyngbyei Kützing 1843
Polysiphonia byssoides var. bangii Kützing 1849
Polysiphonia bangii (Kützing) Kützing 1864

Usage notes
Great antioxidant potential; strong cytotoxicity against human cancer cell lines (Zubia et al. 2009). - (24 Mar 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Brongniartella byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) F.Schmitz)
English: Bronginart's Thread Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Description
Soft, tufted, deep purplish red fronds, to 300 mm long. Main axis well-defined, bi- or tripinnate, bearing alternate, distichous branches. Branches and branchlets articulated, with central siphon and 5-7 pericentral siphons, clothed with short, slender, repeatedly dichotomously branched, monosiphonous ramuli. Procarps and cystocarps are single on the tricho­ blasts and the spermatangial branches are grouped together at the tips of short polysiphonous laterals. Tetrasporangia are formed in stichidia-like modifications of the main and lateral axes which carry 3-4 branched trichoblasts. The colour is a light red-brown to almost black when dry.

Habitat
On stones and shells and epiphytic, lower intertidal and subtidal, spring and summer, generally distributed, common in NE Atlantic.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Polysiphonia byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) Greville)
Europe: Balearic Islands (Rodríguez y Femenías 1889), Bulgaria (Dimitrova-Konaklieva 1981), Ireland (Sanders 1860).

(as Brongniartella byssoides (Goodenough & Woodward) F.Schmitz)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001), Balearic Islands (Ribera Siguán 1983, Ribera Siguán & Gómez Garreta 1984, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Joher et al. 2012), Baltic Sea (Nielsen et al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Black Sea (Gómez Garreta et al. 2001), Britain (Newton 1931, Maggs & Hommersand 1993, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie et al. 2016), Bulgaria (Temniskova, Stoyneva & Kirjakov 2008), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920, Dixon 1961), Corsica (Boudouresque & Perret 1977, Coppejans 1979), Denmark (Larsen & Sand-Jensen 2006), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982, Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001), France (Feldmann 1943, Coppejans & Kling 1995, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Zubia et al. 2009, Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954, Loiseaux-de Goër & Noailles 2008), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996), Greece (Athanasiadis 1987, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Tsirika & Haritonidis 2005, Tsiamis & Panoytidis 2016), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (Adams 1908, Cotton 1912, Cotton 1913, Newton 1931, Cullinane 1971, Guiry 1977, Pybus 1977, Guiry 1978, De Valéra et al. 1979, Maggs 1983, Whelan & Cullinane 1985, Maggs & Hommersand 1993, Morton 1994, Guiry 2012), Italy (Giaccone 1969, Cinelli 1971, Cinelli et al. 1976, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003), Norway (Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001, Kim et al. 2012, Husa, Steem & Sjøtun 2014), Portugal (Ardré 1970, Araújo et al. 2009), Sardinia (Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Furnari et al. 2003), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Spain (Gallardo et al. 1985, Soto & Conde 1989, Granja, Cremades & Barbara 1992, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Conde et al. 1996, Veiga, Cremades & Bárbara 1998, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Bárbara 2002, Valenzuela Miranda 2002, Bárbara et al., 2003, Bárbara et al. 2004, Peña & Bárbara 2006, Peña & Bárbara 2008, Peña & Bárbara 2010, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016), Sweden (Kylin 1907, Kylin 1944).

Africa: Algeria (Gómez Garreta et al. 2001), Libya (Gómez Garreta et al. 2001), Tunisia (Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001).

Source of current name
Díaz-Tapia, P., McIvor, L., Freshwater, D.W., Verbruggen, H., Wynne, M.J. & Maggs, C.A. (2017). The genera Melanothamnus Bornet & Falkenberg and Vertebrata S.F. Gray constitute well-defined clades of the red algal tribe Polysiphonieae (Rhodomelaceae, Ceramiales). European Journal of Phycology 52(1): 1-20, 77 figs.

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. II. pp. [2], 763-1504. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Maggs, C.A. & Hommersand, M.H. (1993). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 3A. Ceramiales. pp. [i]-xv, 1-444, 129 figs, map. London: HMSO.

Parsons, M.J. (1980). The morphology and taxonomy of Brongniartella Bory sensu Kylin (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 19: 273-295, 63 figs, 1 table.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 04 May 2017 by Wendy Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3211 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Chemin, E. (1928). Sur le développement des spores d'une Rhodomélacée: Brongniartella byssoides Schm.. Bull. Soc. Bot., Fr. 75: 104-112.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 July 2019.

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