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Gymnogongrus griffithsiae (Turner) C.Martius

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Phyllophoraceae
Genus Gymnogongrus

Pictures

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Gymnogongrus griffithsiae (Turner) C.Martius
Gymnogongrus giffithisiae, upper subtidal, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2004, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gymnogongrus griffithsiae (Turner) C.Martius
Gymnogongrus giffithisiae, lower intertidal, Ría de Muros, Galicia, Spain, 2003, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gymnogongrus griffithsiae (Turner) C.Martius
Gymnogongrus giffithisiae, lower intertidal with Rhodothamniella floridula, Ría de Muros, Galicia, Spain, 2006, Ignacio Bárbara . Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gymnogongrus griffithsiae (Turner) C.Martius
Gymnogongrus giffithisiae, lower intertidal with Rhodothamniella floridula, Ría de Muros, Galicia, Spain, 2006, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gymnogongrus griffithsiae (Turner) C.Martius
upper subtidal, Islas Cíes, Galicia, Spain, 2012. 01 Jan 0001. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gymnogongrus griffithsiae (Turner) C.Martius
Gymnogongrus griffithsiae. Diameter of carpotetrasporangial outgrowths approx. 300 µm. Broadhaven, Pembrokeshire. 08 Jan 2012. Francis Bunker. © Francis Bunker.

Gymnogongrus griffithsiae (Turner) C.Martius
Gymnogongrus griffithsiae. Length approx. 3.5 cm. Broadhaven, Pembrokeshire. 08 Jan 2012. Francis Bunker. © Francis Bunker.

 

Cladophora aculeata Kützing

Gymnogongrus griffithsiae (Turner) C.Martius Gymnogongrus giffithisiae, lower intertidal with Rhodothamniella floridula, Ría de Muros, Galicia, Spain, 2006, Ignacio Bárbara
© Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Gymnogongrus griffithsiae (Turner) C.Martius 1833: 27

Published in: Martius, C.F.P. von (1833). Flora brasiliensis seu enumeratio plantarum in Brasilia tam sua sponte quam accedente cultura provenientium, quas in itinere auspiciis Maximiliani Josephi I. Bavariae regis annis 1817-1820 peracto collegit, partim descripsit; alias a Maximiliano seren. principe Widensi, Sellovio aliisque advectas addidit, communibus amicorurn propriisque studiis studii methodum naturalem dispositas et illustratas edidit C. F. Ph. de Martius.... Vol. 1(1) pp. [i]-iv, [1]-390. Stuttgartiae et Turbingae: sumptibus J.G. Cottae.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Gymnogongrus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus griffithsiae Turner

Type information
Type locality: Chit Rocks, Sidmouth, Devon, England (Turner 1802: pl. 37). Lectotype: BM-K (Turner 1802: pl. 37). Notes: Devon (probably near Chit Rock, Sidmouth (Dixon & Irvine 1977: 219).

Eponomy
Named for Amelia Warren Griffiths (1768-1858), collector from Torquay, Devon, England.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus griffithsiae Turner 1808
Gigartina griffithsii (Turner) J.V.Lamouroux 1813
Sphaerococcus griffithsiae (Turner) C.Agardh 1817
Polyides griffithsiae (Turner) Gaillon 1828
Ahnfeltia griffithsiae (Turner) Fries 1835
Chondrus griffithsiae (Turner) J.Agardh 1842

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Gymnogongrus wulfenii Zanardini 1873
Actinococcus aggregatus F.Schmitz 1893

Nomenclatural notes
Gymnogongrus griffithsiae (Turner) Martius 1828: 27 (Lewis & Womersley 1994: 269; Dixon & Irvine 1977: 219). In Index Nominum Algarum the date given is 1833: 27. - (30 Jun 2009) - Wendy Guiry

Distributional notes
According to Lawson & John (1987) this species is "known as far south as Mauritanie (see Lawson & John, 1977).

Habitat notes
sand-covered rocks; upper to mid intertidal, in sites from sheltered to extremely wave-exposed (Diaz-Tapia & Bárbara, 2014). - (5 Aug 2014) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Cartilaginous, cylindrical to compressed, brow-red to blackish purple fronds, to 75 mm high, from an expanded discoid base. Repeatedly dichotomous, fastigiate, with rounded, somewhat flattened apices.

Habitat
Epilithic, littoral in pools and emergent, upper sublittoral; tolerant of sand cover (Dixon & Irvine 1977: 219). On sand-covered rocks, lower intertidal, rare, widely distributed.

Similar species
Polyides rotundus from which it many be distinguished by the presence of a rhizoidal base, narrower branching angles (i.e. less fan-shaped), and that the fronds are brownish when held up to the light.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Diaz-Tapia, P. & Bárbara, I. (2014). Seaweeds from sand-covered rocks of the Atlantic Iberian Peninsula. Part 2. Palmariales, Ceramiales (excluding Rhodomelaceae), Gelidiales, Gigartinales, Plocamiales, Rhodymeniales and Scytothamniales. Cryptogamie Algologie 35(2): 157-199.

Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M. (1977). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 1. Introduction, Nemaliales, Gigartinales. pp. [i]-xi, [1]-252, 90 figs. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Lewis, J.A. & Womersley, H.B.S. (1994). Family Phyllophoraceae Nägeli 1847: 248. In: The marine benthic flora of Southern Australia. Part III A. (Womersley, H.B.S. Eds), pp. 259-270. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Masuda, M., Kogame, K. & Guiry, M.D. (1996). Life history of Gymnogongrus griffithsiae (Phyllophoraceae, Gigartinales) from Ireland: implications for life history interpretation in the Rhodophyta. Phycologia 35: 421-434, 39 figs, 1 table.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Created: 30 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 02 August 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 8606 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Chemin, E. (1933). Sur la mode de reproduction de Gymnogongrus griffithsiae Mart. et de quelques espèces du même genre.. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 80: 755-770.
Cordeiro-Marino, M. & Poza, A.C. (1981). Life history of Gymnogongrus griffithsiae (Turner) Martius (Phyllophoraceae, Gigartinales). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 10: 155-161.
Gregory, B.D. (1934). On the life history of Gymnogongrus griffithsiae Mart. and Ahnfeltia plicata Fries.. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 49: 531-551.
Kapraun, D.F., Dutcher, J.A., Bird, K.T. & Capecchi, M.F. (1993). Nuclear genome characterization and carrageenan analysis of Gymnogongrus griffithsiae (Rhodophyta) from North Carolina. Journal of Applied Phycology 5: 99-107.
Masuda, M., Kogame, K. & Guiry, M.D. (1996). Life history of Gymnogongrus griffithsiae (Phyllophoraceae, Gigartinales) from Ireland: implications for life history interpretation in the Rhodophyta. Phycologia 35: 421-434, 39 figs, 1 table.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 November 2018.

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