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Enhalus acoroides (Linnaeus f.) Royle

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Tracheophyta
Subphylum Euphyllophytina
Infraphylum Spermatophytae
Superclass Angiospermae
Class Monocots
Subclass Alismatidae
Order Alismatales
Family Hydrocharitaceae
Genus Enhalus

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Click Here to Download';">Enhalus acoroides (Linnaeus f.) Royle
Indonesia. 14 Nov 2015. Fernando Boisset. © Fernando Boisset" .

Enhalus acoroides (Linnaeus f.) Royle
Reef flat at Sanur, Bali, Indonesia. 10 Nov 2015. Fernando Boisset. © Fernando Boisset (Fernando.Boisset@uv.es).

Enhalus acoroides (Linnaeus f.) Royle
Reef flat at Sanur, Bali, Indonesia. 10 Nov 2015. Fernando Boisset. © Fernando Boisset (Fernando.Boisset@uv.es).

Enhalus acoroides (Linnaeus f.) Royle
Rhizome. Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Enhalus acoroides (Linnaeus f.) Royle
Two female flowers. Palau Islands, West Pacific, 1 m deep. Steven Victor. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Enhalus acoroides (Linnaeus f.) Royle
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 0.5 m deep. Steven Victor. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Enhalus acoroides (Linnaeus f.) Royle
Female plant. Palau Islands, West Pacific. Steven Victor. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Enhalus acoroides (Linnaeus f.) Royle
Tanzania. Katrin Østerlund. © Katrin Oesterlund (Katrin.Osterlund@uadm.uu.se).

 

Metamastophora stelligera (Sonder) Setchell

Enhalus acoroides (Linnaeus f.) Royle Reef flat at Sanur, Bali, Indonesia
© Fernando Boisset (Fernando.Boisset@uv.es)

Publication details
Enhalus acoroides (Linnaeus f.) Royle 1839: 377

Published in: Forbes Royle, J. [John Forbes] (1839). Illustrations of the botany and other branches of the natural history of the Himalayan Mountains, and of the flora of Cashmere. Vol. I. pp. [i]-lxxviii, [1]-472. London: Wm. H. Allen and Co., Leadenhall Street.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Enhalus is Enhalus koenigii L.C.Richard.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Stratiotes acoroides Linnaeus f.

Type information
Type locality: “Habitat inter Insulas Zeylonicas, König" [Johann Gerhard Koenig]. (Linnaeus f. 1782: 268). Notes: Lectotype (designated by Boisset & Ferrer-Gallego 2016: 603): [illustration in] Rumphius, Herb. Amboin. 6: 179, t. 75, fig. 2. 1750. — For an image of the lectotype, see Fig. 1.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Stratiotes acoroides Linnaeus f. 1782

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Enhalus koenigii L.C.Richard

Usage notes
Enhalus acoroides produces potent antifeedant, antibacterial, and antilarval secondary metabolites; flavonoids, as one of the characteristic chemical constituents of this species, may play an important chemical defensive role against predators, competitors, and potential pathogens (Qi et al. 2008). - (16 Apr 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Boisset, F. & Ferrer-Galego, P.P. (2016). Typification of the Indo-Pacific seagrass Enhalus acoroides (Hydrocharitaceae). Taxon 65(3): 602-604, 2 figs.

Fortes, M.D. (2014). A review: biodiversity, distribution and conservation of Philippine seagrasses. Philippine Journal of Science, Special Issue 142: 95-111.

Hartog, C. den (1970). The sea-grasses of the world. Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeling Natuurkunde, Tweede Reeks 59(1): [1-]6-275, 63 figs, 31 plates.

Spalding, M., Taylor, M., Ravilious, C., Short, F. & Green, E. (2003). Global Overview. The distribution and status of seagrasses. In: World Atlas of Seagrasses. Prepared by the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre. . (Green, E.P. & Short, F.T. Eds), pp. 5-26. Berkeley, Los Angeles & London: University of California Press.

Created: 03 December 1999 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 20 November 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3611 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Boisset, F. & Ferrer-Galego, P.P. (2016). Typification of the Indo-Pacific seagrass Enhalus acoroides (Hydrocharitaceae). Taxon 65(3): 602-604, 2 figs.
Kongrueang, P., Buapet, P. & Roongsattham, P. (2018). Physiological responses of Enhalus acoroides to osmotic stress. Botanica Marina 61(3): 257-267.
Qi, S.-H., Zhang, S., Qian, P.-Y & Wang, B.-G. (2008). Antifeedant, antibacterial, and antilarval compounds from the South China Sea seagrass Enhalus acoroides. Botanica Marina 51: 441-447.
Rattanachot, E. & Prathep, A. (2011). Temporal variation in growth and reproduction of Enhalus acoroides (L.f.) Royle in a monospecific meadow in Haad Chao Mai National Park, Trang Province, Thailand. Botanica Marina 54(2): 201-207.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=21547

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 14 December 2018.

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