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Lithophyllum prototypum (Foslie) Foslie

Publication details
Lithophyllum prototypum (Foslie) Foslie 1905: 129

Published in: Foslie, M. (1905). Remarks on northern lithothamnia. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter 1905(3): 1-138.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Lithophyllum is Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Lithothamnion prototypum Foslie

Type information
Type locality: St. Croix, US Virgin Islands (Womersley 1996: 227). Holotype: F.Børgesen; in litore [in the littoral zone] paa [on] . TRH A18- 1226 (Womersley 1996: 227).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Lithothamnion prototypum Foslie 1897
Melobesia prototypa (Foslie) Foslie 1898
Dermatolithon prototypum (Foslie) Foslie 1900
Goniolithon prototypum (Foslie) Setchell & Mason 1943
Tenarea prototypa (Foslie) W.H.Adey 1970
Titanoderma prototypum (Foslie) Woelkerling, Y.M.Chamberlain & P.C.Silva 1985

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Lithophyllum tessellatum Me.Lemoine 1930
Goniolithon tessellatum (M.Lemoine) Setchell & Mason 1943
Dermatolithon tessellatum (Me.Lemoine) Me.Lemoine 1971
Tenarea tessellata (Lemoine) Littler ex Adey et al. 1982
Titanoderma tessellatum (Me.Lemoine) Woelkerling, Y.M.Chamberlain & P.C.Silva 1985

Distributional notes
Records from the U.S. Virgin Islands, the Galapagos Islands and Hawaii have been confirmed from herbarium specimen studies but records from the Bahamas, Bermuda, Cuba, Florida, Jamaica, Mexico, Midway Island, Panama and Puerto Rico have not been confirmed by Woelkerling & Campbell (1992: 73). - (3 Apr 2009) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Habitat
Found epiphytically on Sporolithon durum and on rock, abalone shells, snails, sponges and bottles at depths of 1-20 m in southern Australia; elsewhere at greater depths and intertidally; (Womersley 1996: 227). On Avrainvillea and Udotea and on mussels, shells, corals and stones (cited in Woelkerling & Campbell 1992: 73).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Lithophyllum prototypum (Foslie) Foslie)
Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Schneider 2003).

North America: Florida (FL) (Taylor 1960), Mexico (Caribbean) (Mendoza-González, Mateo-Cid & García-López 2017).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960), Jamaica (Taylor 1960), Puerto Rico (Taylor 1960), Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960, Woelkerling & Campbell 1992 ).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Galápagos Islands (Ruiz & Ziemmeck 2011).

Africa: Mauritius (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Indian Ocean Islands: Comoros and Mayotte (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Seychelles (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-west Asia: Arabian Gulf (John & Al-Thani 2014).

Australia and New Zealand: South Australia (Woelkerling & Campbell 1992, Womersley 1996), Western Australia (Woelkerling & Campbell 1992, Womersley 1996).

Pacific Islands: Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996), Galápagos Islands (Woelkerling & Campbell 1992), Hawaiian Islands (HI) (Woelkerling & Campbell 1992).

(as Lithophyllum tessellatum Me.Lemoine)
South America: Galápagos Islands (Taylor 1945).

(as Goniolithon tessellatum (M.Lemoine) Setchell & Mason)
Central America: Panama (Fernández-García et al. 2011).

(as Dermatolithon tessellatum (Me.Lemoine) Me.Lemoine)
Indian Ocean Islands: St Paul Island (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

(as Tenarea tessellata (Lemoine) Littler ex Adey et al.)
Central America: Panama (Fernández-García et al. 2011).

Pacific Islands: Hawaiian Islands (HI) (Magruder & Hunt 1979).

(as Titanoderma tessellatum (Me.Lemoine) Woelkerling, Y.M.Chamberlain & P.C.Silva)
Asia: Japan (Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990).

Pacific Islands: Hawaiian Islands (HI) (Littler & Littler 2003).

(as Titanoderma prototypum (Foslie) Woelkerling, Y.M.Chamberlain & P.C.Silva)
Caribbean Islands: Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Hispaniola (Betancourt & Herrera-Moreno, 2001).

South America: Brazil (Jesionek et al. 2016), Colombia (Díaz-Pulido & Díaz-Ruíz 2003).

Asia: Japan (Yoshida 1998, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015).

Australia and New Zealand: Western Australia (Townsend & Huisman 2018).

Key references
Rebelo, A.C., Rasser, M.W., Riosmena-Rodriguez, R., Neto, A.I. & Avila, S.P. (2014). Rhodolith forming coralline algae in the Upper Miocene of Santa Maria Island (Azores, NE Atlantic): a critical evaluation. Phytotaxa 190(1): 370-382, 4 fig., 1 table.

Woelkerling, W.J. & Campbell, S.J. (1992). An account of the southern Australian species of Lithophyllum (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Botany 22: 1-107, 63 figs, 13 tables, 4 maps.

Woelkerling, W.J., Chamberlain, Y.M. & Silva, P.C. (1985). A taxonomic and nomenclatural reassessment of Tenarea, Titanoderma and Dermatolithon (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta) based on studies of type and other critical specimens. Phycologia 24: 317-337, 39 figs, 2 tables.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1996). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIB - Gracilariales, Rhodymeniales, Corallinales and Bonnemaisoniales. Vol. 5 pp. 1-392, 160 figs. Canberra & Adelaide: Australian Biological Resources Study & the State Herbarium of South Australia.

Created: 01 January 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 31 December 2014 by Salvador Valenzuela Miranda

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1456 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Salvador Valenzuela Miranda in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 July 2019.

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