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Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont

Classification:
Empire Prokaryota
Kingdom Eubacteria
Subkingdom Negibacteria
Phylum Cyanobacteria
Class Cyanophyceae
Subclass Oscillatoriophycidae
Order Oscillatoriales
Family Oscillatoriaceae
Genus Lyngbya

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont
Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont
Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont
Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont
Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont
Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2012. 01 Jan 0001. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont
Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont
Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 3 m deep. 01 Apr 2004. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 3 m deep. 01 Apr 2004. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont
Hawaii; scale 10 µm. 01 Jul 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

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Womersleyella herpa (Hollenberg) R.E.Norris

Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont Palau Islands, West Pacific, 3 m deep
© Palau International Coral Reef Center

Publication details
Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont 1892: 131, pl. III [3]: figs 3, 4

Published in: Gomont, M. (1892 '1893'). Monographie des Oscillariées (Nostocacées Homocystées). Deuxième partie. - Lyngbyées. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique, Série 7 16: 91-264, pls 1-7.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Lyngbya is Lyngbya confervoides C.Agardh ex Gomont.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Conferva majuscula Dillwyn 1809
Oscillatoria majuscula (Dillwyn) Dillwyn 1817
Elisa majuscula (Dillwyn) S.F.Gray 1821
Phormidium majusculum (Dillwyn) Kützing 1843

Nomenclatural notes
While Harvey (1833: 370) cites Conferva majuscula Dillwyn (1809) in synonymy, Gomont attributes the name to Harvey (1833); Gomont says in relation to Conferva majuscula Dillwyn "synon. dub."! and goes on to say "Faute d'échantillons authentiques, nous ne pouvons faire remonter avec certitude au delà de Harvey le nom de Lyngbya majuscula." and adds further comments about Dillwyn's materials. - (29 Jul 2014) - M.D. Guiry

Habitat notes
Widespread in warm and temperate waters; on Halimeda discoidea (Lipkin & Silva 2002). - (28 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

Usage notes
Whitton (2011: 91) makes a strong statement about this species: "WARNING! Material of this species from other countries has been shown to contain several biologically highly active molecules and should be treated as a possible carcinogenic risk: minimise contact with the skin." Saxitoxin-producing species (Mohamed & Al-Shehri 2015). Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017). - (2 May 2014) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Type information
for type details see Conferva majuscula Dillwyn

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Conferva majuscula Dillwyn)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont)
Europe: Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Britain (Lipkin & Silva 2002, Whitton et al. 2003, John, Whitton & Brook 2011, Charpy et al. 2012 ), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920, Dixon 1961), France (Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954), Greece (Gkelis et al. 2016), Ireland (Adams 1907, Adams 1908, Cotton 1912), Romania (Caraus 2002, Caraus 2012, Caraus 2017), Russia (Europe) (Stenina & Patova 2007), Scandinavia (Karlason et al. 2018), Spain (Lázaro Ibiza 1889, Sauvageau 1897, Miranda 1931, Miranda 1934, Seoane-Camba 1965, Alvarez-Cobelas & Gallardo 1988, Cremades, Bárbara, Granja & Veiga 1997, Gorostiaga et al., 2004, Valenzuela Miranda 2005, Bárbara et al. 2005, Peña & Bárbara 2008, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010, De la Rosa Álamos 2016), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016), Turkey (Europe) (Taskin et al. 2008 ).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Haroun et al. 2002, Haroun et al. 2003, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014).

North America: Florida (FL) (Taylor 1928, Littler, Littler & Hanisak 2008), Isla Guadalupe (Setchell & Gardner 1930), Mexico (Caribbean) (Taylor 1972, Mendoza-González, Mateo-Cid & García-López 2017), Québec (Poulin, Hamilton & Proulx 1995).

Central America: Belize (Littler & Littler 1997), Islas Revillagigedo (Taylor 1945).

Caribbean Islands: Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000).

South America: Brazil (Oliveira Filho 1977, Werner 2010), Colombia (Díaz-Pulido & Díaz-Ruíz 2003), Venezuela (Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Djibouti (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Egypt (Papenfuss 1968, Nassar & Khairy 2014, Nassar & Kham 2014), Eritrea (Lipkin & Silva 2002), Ethiopia (Papenfuss 1968), Kenya (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Madagascar (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Charpy et al. 2012 ), Mauritius (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Mediterranean Sea (Rosa, Altamira & Zanolla 2013), Mozambique (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), South Africa (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Sudan (Reinhold 1937), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005).

Indian Ocean Islands: Aldabra Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Chagos Archipelago (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Comoros and Mayotte (Charpy et al. 2012 ), Laccadive Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Maldives (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Réunion (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Rodrigues Island (Dickie 1879, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Seychelles (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-west Asia: Bangladesh (Siddiqui et al. 2009), India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Ghosh & Keshri 2011, Gupta 2012, Rao & Gupta 2015), Iran (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Iraq (Maulood et al. 2013), Kuwait (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Pakistan (Leghari et al. 2005, Leghari et al. 2005), Saudi Arabia (Mohamed & Al-Shehri 2015), Sri Lanka (Børgesen 1936, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Turkey (Asia) (Taskin et al. 2008 ), Yemen (Papenfuss 1968).

Asia: China (Liu 2008, Xia 2017), Japan (Hirose, Yamagishi & Akiyama 1977, Titlyanov et al 2006), Korea (Lee & Kang 1986), Nepal (Rai, Rai & Jha 2010, Rai, Rai & Jha 2010), South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016), Taiwan (Huang 2000, Shao 2003-2014, Anon. 2012, Anon. 2012).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Malaysia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Philippines (Liao, Belleza & Gerldino 2013), Singapore (Pham et al. 2011), Vietnam (Kristiansen & Lind 1995, Nguyen et al. 2013).

Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Broady & Merican 2012), Queensland (Day et al. 1995, Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010), Western Australia (Huisman et al. 2009).

Pacific Islands: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), French Polynesia (Payri, N'Yeurt & Orempuller 2000), Guam (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Charpy et al. 2012 ), Hawaiian Islands (HI) (Magruder & Hunt 1979, Huisman, Abbott & Smith 2007, Huisman, Abbott & Smith 2007), Line Islands (Tsuda & Fisher 2012), Mariana Islands (Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2003), Marshall Islands (Taylor 1950, Dawson 1957), Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (Tsuda 2014), Republic of Palau (Ohba et al 2007), Wake Atoll (Tsuda, Abbott & Foster 2006).

Key references
Engene, N., Coates, R.C. & Gerwick, W.H. (2010). 16S rRNA gene heterogeneity in the filamentous marine cyanobacterial genus Lyngbya. Journal of Phycology 46(3): 591-601.

Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.

Harvey, W.H. (1833). Div. II. Confervoideae; Div. III. Gloiocladeae. In: The English Flora of Sir James Edward Smith. Class XXIV. Cryptogamia. Vol. V. (or Vol. II of Dr. Hooker's British flora). Part I. Comprising the Mosses, Hepaticae, Lichens, Characeae and Algae. (Hooker, W.J. Eds), pp. 263-265, 265-266, 326-389, 389-405. London: Longman, Brown, Green & Longmans Paternoster-Row.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Komárek, J. & Anagnostidis, K. (2005). Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Cyanoprokaryota: 2. Teil/2nd Part: Oscillatoriales. Vol. 19 pp. 1-759. München: Elsevier Spektrum Akademischer Verlag.

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Lipkin, Y. & Silva, P.C. (2002). Marine algae and seagrasses of the Dahlak Archipelago, southern Red Sea. Nova Hedwigia 75(1-2): 1-90, 7 figs.

Ulcay, S., Taskin, E., Kurt, O. & Öztürk, M. (2014). Marine benthic Cyanobacteria in Northern Cyprus (Eastern Mediterranean Sea). Turkish Journal of Botany 39: 173-188.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2017). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus I Cyanophyta. pp. [1-8], i-xix, 1-176, pls I-IV. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese]

Created: 04 August 2000 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 23 July 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 9725 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Lundgren, P., Bauer, K., Lugomela, C., Söderbäck, E. & Bergman, B. (2003). Reevaluation of the nitrogen fixation behaviour in the marine non-heterocystous cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula. Journal of Phycology 39: 310-314.
Osborne, N.J.T., Webb, P.M. & Shaw, G.R. (2001). The toxins of Lyngbya majuscula and their human and ecological health effects. Env. Int. 27: 381-392.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 April 2019.

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