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Polysiphonia violacea (Roth) Sprengel

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Rhodomelaceae
Tribe Polysiphonieae
Genus Polysiphonia

Pictures

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Polysiphonia violacea (Roth) Sprengel
Collected near Roscoff (F), December 1984. 29 Dec 2011. Elmar Wosnitza. © Christine Wosnitza.

 

Fucus inflatus f. dilutus Kjellman

Polysiphonia violacea (Roth) Sprengel Collected near Roscoff (F), December 1984
© Christine Wosnitza

Publication details
Polysiphonia violacea (Roth) Sprengel 1827: 348

Published in: Sprengel, K.[P.J.] (1827). Systema vegetabilium Editio decima sexta. Voluminis IV. Pars I. Classis 24. Vol. 4 pp. [i]-iv, [1]-592. Gottingae [Göttingen]: sumtibus Librariae Dieterichianae.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Polysiphonia is Polysiphonia urceolata (Lightfoot ex Dillwyn) Greville.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Vertebrata fucoides (Hudson) Kuntze

Basionym
Ceramium violaceum Roth

Type information
Type locality: Germany: Eckwarden, Oldenburg (Silva 1996-to date).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), violet, refers to the blue-red colours nearer blue (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Taxonomic notes
According to Maggs & Hommersand (1993) this name is a synonym of Polysiphonia fibrillosa (Dillwyn) Sprengel.

Distributional notes
According to Maggs and Hommersand 1993 Polysiphonia violacea from Helgoland (Kornmann and Sahling 1978) is Neosiphonia harveyi; thus this species is present on Helgoland for at least 36 years. - (14 Jul 2007) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Polysiphonia violacea (Roth) Sprengel)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Munda 1979), Britain (Newton 1931), Bulgaria (Dimitrova-Konaklieva 1981), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920, Dixon 1961), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954), Greece (Haritonidis & Tsekos 1976, Tsekos & Haritonidis 1977), Ireland (Adams 1908, Cotton 1912, Cotton 1913, Cullinane 1971, Pybus 1977, Guiry 1978, De Valéra et al. 1979, Maggs 1983), Italy (Giaccone 1969, Edwards et al. 1975), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983), Romania (Caraus 2002), Spain (Ballesteros 1981, Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Pérez-Ruzafa & Honrubia 1984, Soto & Conde 1989), Sweden (Kylin 1907, Kylin 1944), Turkey (Europe) (Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1980), Madeira (Levring 1974).

South America: Brazil (Taylor 1930 ).

Africa: Morocco (Dangeard 1949), Tunisia (Meñez & Mathieson 1981, Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987).

South-west Asia: Israel (Einav 2007).

Asia: South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016).

Source of current name
Maggs, C.A. & Hommersand, M.H. (1993). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 3A. Ceramiales. pp. [i]-xv, 1-444, 129 figs, map. London: HMSO.

Key references
Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel zelenikh, burikh i krasnich odoroslei juzhnikh morei SSSR [Guide to the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of USSR]. pp. 1-398. Moscow, Leningrad: Academia Nauk. [in Russian]

Created: 06 January 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 11 March 2019 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1894 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Koch, C. (1986). Attempted hybridization between Polysiphonia fibrillosa and P. violacea (Bangiophyceae) from Denmark; with culture studies primarily on P. fibrillosa. Nordic Journal of Botany 6: 123-128.
Yamanouchi, S. (1906). The life history of Polysiphonia violacea. Botanical Gazette 41: 425-433.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=2407

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 July 2019.

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