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Phormidium penicillatum Gomont

Publication details
Phormidium penicillatum Gomont 1893: LXXXVIII-LXXXIX, pl. IV: figs 5-7

Published in: Gomont, M. (1893). Sur quelques Phormidium à thalle rameux. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 40: LXXXVI-XC, pl. IV.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Phormidium is Phormidium lucidum Kützing ex Gomont.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Caldora penicillata (Gomont) Engene, Tronholm & V.J.Paul

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), shaped like a pencil or an artist'’s camel-hair brush (Stearn 1973).

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
Hoffmann & Compère (1990: 308) note: "Gomont (1893), in a paper on the morphology of several Phormidium species, described in detail the morphology of a new species Phormidium penicillatum, of which he wanted to give a formal description in a later paper; thus he wrote "On en trouvera une description détaillee, sous le nom Phormidium penicillatum, dans un travail d'ensemble sur la vegetation algologique des Mascareignes..., par M. Jadin". Later, in the same Bulletin, appeared in the work of Jadin (1893), a formal taxonomic treatmentw ith "Phormidium penicellatum Gomont nov. spec.", a reference back to Gomont's paper, the number of the collection, the date, and a Latin diagnosis. Gomont was not intending to introduce a new name in the first paper, which was a morphological discussion; according to the pre-Berlin code, this could have been interpreted as incidental mention (Art. 34.1). Art. 34.1 was however changed at the Berlin Congress, and an incidental mention is no longer an argument to invalidate a name, so that Ph. penicillatum is validly published by Gomont (1893) (see the discussion in Greuter et al., 1989:9 1-95). Phormidium penicellatum is a lapsus which would have been correctable even if valid publication was considered to take place on p. CLIX." - (23 Apr 2014) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: Saint-Gilles, Réunion (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 39). Type: see below (epitype) F. Jadin 76; iv.1890; (Silva 1996-to date Notes: This type locality fide Jadin, 1894 (Silva et al., 1996). Epitype: strain FK13-1, US 217964. Looe Key, Florida (24°35'400" N, 81°31'100" W), 10 June 2013, epizoic on corals and epilithic, 20 m depth, leg. N. Engene (Engene et al. 2015: 679).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Engene, N., Tronholm, A., Salvador-Reyes, L.A., Luesch, H. & Paul, V.J. (2015). Caldora penicillata gen nov., sp. nov. (Cyanobacteria), a pantropical marine species with biomedical relevance. Journal of Phycology 51(4): 670-681.

Key references
Geitler, L. (1932). Cyanophyceae. In: Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. Ed. 2. (Rabenhorst, L. Eds) Vol. 14, pp. 673-1196, i-[vi]. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft.

Hoffmann, L. & Compère, P. (1990). Nomenclatural notes in the Cyanophyceae. Taxon 39(2): 307-310.

Jadin, F. (1894). Algues des îles Mascareignes récoltées en 1890 (Nostocacées). Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 40: 168-173, 3 figs.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2017). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus I Cyanophyta. pp. [1-8], i-xix, 1-176, pls I-IV. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese]

Created: 06 February 2001 by Wendy Guiry

Verified by: 04 September 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 393 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=24491

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 August 2019.

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