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Tolypella glomerata (Desvaux) Leonhardi

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Streptophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Charophyta
Class Charophyceae
Order Charales
Family Characeae
Genus Tolypella

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Tolypella glomerata (Desvaux) Leonhardi
Habit. Houghton Regis Chalk Pit (Marl Lakes) SSSI, Bedfordshire, UK.. 17 May 2013. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Tolypella glomerata (Desvaux) Leonhardi
Oogonium showing double row of crown cells. Houghton Regis Chalk Pit (Marl Lakes) SSSI, Bedfordshire, UK.. 17 May 2013. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Tolypella glomerata (Desvaux) Leonhardi
Gametangia. Houghton Regis Chalk Pit (Marl Lakes) SSSI, Bedfordshire, UK.. 17 May 2013. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Tolypella glomerata (Desvaux) Leonhardi
Gametangia. Houghton Regis Chalk Pit (Marl Lakes) SSSI, Bedfordshire, UK.. 17 May 2013. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Tolypella glomerata (Desvaux) Leonhardi
Oogonia. Houghton Regis Chalk Pit (Marl Lakes) SSSI, Bedfordshire, UK.. 17 May 2013. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Tolypella glomerata (Desvaux) Leonhardi
Red/cyan anaglyph of reproductive structures. Houghton Regis Chalk Pit (Marl Lakes) SSSI, Bedfordshire, UK.. 17 May 2013. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Tolypella glomerata (Desvaux) Leonhardi
Red/cyan anaglyph (grey converted) of oogonia. Houghton Regis Chalk Pit (Marl Lakes) SSSI, Bedfordshire, UK.. 17 May 2013. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Tolypella glomerata (Desvaux) Leonhardi
Reproductive structures. Houghton Regis Chalk Pit (Marl Lakes) SSSI, Bedfordshire, UK.. 17 May 2013. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Tolypella glomerata (Desvaux) Leonhardi
Red/cyan anaglyph of fertile structures. Houghton Regis Chalk Pit (Marl Lakes) SSSI, Bedfordshire, UK.. 17 May 2013. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Tolypella glomerata (Desvaux) Leonhardi
Gametangia. Houghton Regis Chalk Pit (Marl Lakes) SSSI, Bedfordshire, UK.. 17 May 2013. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

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14 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Peltasta australis J.Agardh

Tolypella glomerata (Desvaux) Leonhardi Gametangia. Houghton Regis Chalk Pit (Marl Lakes) SSSI, Bedfordshire, UK.
© C.F.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Tolypella glomerata (Desvaux) Leonhardi 1863: 129

Published in: Leonhardi, H. von (1863). Weitere Characeen-Fundorte. Lotos 13: 129-132, 145-148.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Tolypella is Tolypella nidifica (O.F.Müller) Leonhardi.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Chara glomerata N.A.Desvaux

Type information
Type locality: "MM. Desvaux et Thuillier l'ont recueillie aux environ de Paris" (Silva 1996-to date: 136). Holotype: in rivulis. PC herbarium Desvaux (Ahmadi et al. 2012: 388). Notes: Isotype: L, ex herbarium Persoon, ex herbarium Desvaux. Gallia (Ahmadia et al. 2012: 388). See ING entry for Tolypella.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), clustered in a round mass.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Chara glomerata N.A.Desvaux 1810
Nitella glomerata (Desvaux) F.F.Chevalier 1827
Tolypella nidifica var. glomerata (Desvaux) R.D.Wood 1962

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Chara glomerulifera Ruprecht 1845
Chara smithii C.C.Babington 1850
Nitella glomerulifera (Ruprecht) J.Wallman 1853
Nitella smithii (C.C.Babington) L.H.Wallman 1853
Tolypella longicoma A.Braun 1882
Tolypella glomerata var. abbreviata T.F.Allen 1883
Tolypella glomerata var. erythrocarpa J.Groves & G.R.Bullock-Webster 1919

Nomenclatural notes
By some authors the species is a variety of Tolypella nidifica. E.g. Moore: Charophytes of Great Britain 1986. - (21 Jun 2009) -

Habitat notes
freshwater, tolerating slight salinity; temporary habitats or on edges of ponds and lakes (Muller et al., 2017). - (1 Nov 2017) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Common names

(as Tolypella glomerata (Desvaux) Leonhardi)
English: Clustered Stonewort (Stewart & Church 1992).

Description
The plants are up to 20 cm high, usually encrusted and grey in colour. The axis is up to 1 mm in diameter. The sterile branchlets are simple, are 3- 5 celled, have 3- 4 rays and 3- 5 celled end-segment which is much longer than the rays. The end-cells are rounded. Some whorls are forming dense heads. The species is monoecious. The oogonia are 1-3 together, stalked and up to 600 µm long. The oospore is less than 400 µm long, brown to dark brown in colour. The antheridium is up to 400 µm in diameter.

Habitat
Tolypella glomerata is found in shallow alkaline waters, in ditches, ponds, lakes and temporary pools. All the finds in the area are near the coast. T. glomerata is according to Olsen (1944) both winter-annual and summer-annual. The winter-annual germinates in autumn and has ripe oospores in May – June, and the summer-annual germinates in spring has ripe oospores in August –September. Like Tolypella intricata the species is “meteoric”, it colonizes an area and then disappears after a short time

Key characteristics
In brackish water Tolypella nidifica In freshwater Tolypella glomerata

Similar species
Tolypella nidifica

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Detailed conservation status with sources
(as Tolypella glomerata (Desvaux) Leonhardi)
Data Deficient: (Stewart & Church 1992)

Key references
Ahmadi, A., Sheidai, A.M., H. Riahi, H. & Van Raam, J.C. (2012). Some Charophytes (Characeae, Charophyta) from central and western of Iran including Chara kohrangiana species nova. Cryptogamie Algologie 33(4): 359-390. [in English]

Borisova, O.V. (2015 '2014'). Charales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 454-465. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Bryant, J.A. & Stewart, N.F. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Order Charales. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 742-765. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cirujano, S, Cambra, J., Sánchez Castillo, P.M., Meco, A. & Flor Arnau, N. (2008). Flora ibérica algas continentales. Carófitos (Characeae). pp. [1]-132, 125 figs. Madrid: Real Jardín Botánico.

Day, S.A., Wickham, R.P., Entwisle, T.J. & Tyler, P.A. (1995). Bibliographic check-list of non-marine algae in Australia. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 4: i-vii, 1-276.

Hy, F., (1913). Les Characées de France. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 60 (Mémoires 26): 1-47, pls. I-III.

Muller, S, D., Rhazi, L. & Soulie-Märsche, I. (2017). Diversity and distribution of Characeae in the Maghreb (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia). Crytogamie Algologie 38(3): 201-251.

Pérez, W., Hall, J.D., McCourt, R.M. & Karol, K.G. (2014). Phylogeny of North American Tolypella (Charophyceae, Charophyta) based on plastid DNA sequences with a description of Tolypella ramosissima sp. nov.. Journal of Phycology 50(5): 776-789.

Pérez, W., Hall, J.D., McCourt, R.M.& Karol, K.G. (2015). Oospore dimensions and morphology in North American Tolypella (Charophyceae, Charophyta). Journal of Phycology 51(2): 310-320.

Urbaniak, J. & Gabka, M. (2014). Polish Charophytes. An illustrated guide to identification. pp. [1]-120. Wroclaw: Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wroclawiu.

Watterlot, A. & Prey, T. (2016). Inventaire des Characées sur le territoire picard (Aisne, Oise et Somme): Évaluation patrimoniale. Version No. 2, décembre 2016. pp. [1]-30, Annexe, 31-56 [Maps]. Bailleul: Centre régional de phytosociologie. Conservatoire botanique national de Bailleul.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 10 March 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2532 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Groves,J. & Bullock-Webster G.R. (1919). New variety of Tolypella glomerata. J. Bot. 57: 224-225.
Michaux-Ferrière, N. & Soulié-Märsche, I. (1987). The quantities of DNA in the vegetative nuclei of Chara vulgaris and Tolypella glomerata (Charophyta). Phycologia 26: 435-442.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 December 2018.

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