153,209 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,952 images, 59,247 bibliographic items, 409,075 distributional records.

Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kützing

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Cystocloniaceae
Genus Hypnea

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kützing
1. Branches with spine-like branchlets. 2. Lateral cystocarps (immature). 3. Rhizoidal tufts issuing from tips. 4. Natural habitat (Vietnam, lobster farm).. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kützing
Panama. Saboga-Las Perlas. Habit showing numerous spur-like branchlets.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kützing
Panama. Transverse section of branch showing central filament surrounded by 5 pericentral cells.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kützing
Panama. Transverse section of branch cortex.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kützing
Panama. Transverse section of branch showing small lateral branchlet.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kützing
© ABC Taxa (eric.coppejans@ugent.be).

Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kützing
© ABC Taxa (eric.coppejans@ugent.be).

 

Spatoglossum guineense Kützing

Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kützing Panama. Transverse section of branch showing central filament surrounded by 5 pericentral cells.
© Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu)

Publication details
Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kützing 1847: 23

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1847). Diagnosen und Bemerkungen zu neuen oder kritischen Algen. Botanische Zeitung 5: 1-5, 22-25, 33-38, 52-55, 164-167, 177-180, 193-198, 219-223.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Hypnea is Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Sphaerococcus spinellus C.Agardh

Type information
Type locality: "Indiae occidentalis" (West Indies) Type: LD Herb. alg. Agardh 33888 (Yoshida 1998: 744). Notes: Dawson (1961: 238) gives the following additional data: collected in coral, by Aspergen. According to Haroun & Prud'homme van Reine, 1993: 122) the lectotype (in LD) is herb Ag. 33888, "Vestindien"

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Sphaerococcus spinellus C.Agardh 1822
Gigartina spinella (C.Agardh) Greville 1830
Helminthochorton spinellum (C.Agardh) Zanardini 1843

Nomenclatural notes
According to Haroun & Prud'Homme van Reine (1993), the correct name is Hypnea spinella (C. Agardh) J. Agardh 1847: 14. - (6 Dec 2016) - Wendy Guiry

Taxonomic notes
According to Xia & Zhang (1999: 80), this species is a synonym of Hypnea cervicornis J.Agardh. According to Lawson & John (1987: 238) "there is much confusion regarding the distinction between Hypnea cervicornis and H. spinella taxonomically, nomenclaturally, and biologically. Doubt has been expressed (see De Toni, 1900: Tanaka, 1941) as to whether the illustration of H. spinella by Kützing (1868, pl.26, figs d-f) should be more correctly attributed to H. cervicornis. This question can only be finally resolved by referring back to the original material on which Kützing based his illustration."

Nauer et al. (2014) treat H. spinella and H. cervicornis as two separate species. - (11 Sep 2015) - Wendy Guiry

Distributional notes
This species has been introduced into the Mediterranean (Verlaque et al. 2015: 149), via shipping and the Suez Canal, being first found at Simi Island, Greece, in 1926. It is now widespread in the Mediterranean. - (4 Nov 2015) - M.D. Guiry

Usage notes
“This is an edible species, being commonly eaten (boiled in coconut milk) in other parts of the Pacific and Asia.” (Payri, N’Yeurt & Orempuller, 2000: 224).

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Abbott, I.A., Fisher, J. & McDermid, K.J. (2002). Newly reported and revised marine algae from the vicinity of Nha Trang, Vietnam. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. Vol. VIII. (Abbott, I.A. & Mcdermid, K.J. Eds) Vol. 8, pp. 291-321. Oceanographic Institute, Nha Trang, Vietnam: California Sea Grant College.

Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Chiang, Y.-M. (1997). Species of Hypnea Lamouroux (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) from Taiwan. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.6, pp. 163-177. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Geraldino, P.J.L., Yang, E.C. Kim, M.-S. & Boo, S.-M. (2009). Systematics of Hypnea asiatica sp. nov. (Hypneaceae, Rhodophyta) based on morphology and nrDNA SSU, plastid rbcL, and mitochondrial cox1. Taxon 58(2): 606-616.

Haroun, R.J. & Prud'Homme van Reine, W.F. (1993). A biogeographical study of Laurencia and Hypnea species of the Macaronesian region. Courier Forsch. 159: 119-125, 2 figs, 5 tables.

Huisman, J.M. (2018). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. pp. [i]-xii, 1-672, 189 figs. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Jesus, P.B., Nauer, F., Lyra, G.M., Cassano, V., Oliveira, M.C., Nunes, J.M.C. & Schnadelbach, A.S. (2016). Species-delimitation and phylogenetic analyses of some cosmopolitan species of Hypnea (Rhodophyta) reveal synonyms and misapplied names to H. cervicornis, including a new species from Brazil. Journal of Phycology 52(5): 774-792.

N'Yeurt, A.D.R. & Payri, C.E. (2010). Marine algal flora of French Polynesia III. Rhodophyta, with additions to the Phaeophyceae and Chlorophyta. Cryptogamie Algologie 31: 3-205.

Nauer, F., Guimarães, N.R., Cassano, V., Yokoya, N.S., Oliveira, M.C. (2014). Hypnea species (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) from the southeastner coast of Brazil based on molecular studies complemented with morphological analyses, including descriptions of Hypnea edeniana sp. nov. and H. flava sp. nov. European Journal of Phycology 49(4): 550-575, 54 fig., 3 tables.

Nauer, F., Guimarães, N.R., Cassano, V., Yokoya, N.S., Oliveira, M.C. (2014). Hypnea species (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) from the southeastner coast of Brazil based on molecular studies complemented with morphological analyses, including descriptions of Hypnea edeniana sp. nov. and H. flava sp. nov. European Journal of Phycology 49(4): 550-575, 54 fig., 3 tables.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

South, G.R. (2004). Hypnea sp. (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) from Fiji, South Pacific and List of Hypnea species present in the Fiji Islands. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to the Pacific and other locations Volume IX. (Abbott, I.A. & McDermid, K.J. Eds) Vol.9, pp. 133-140.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photograph and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Yamagishi, Y. & Masuda, M. (1997). Species of Hypnea from Japan. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.6, pp. 135-162. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Created: 19 January 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 26 September 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 9657 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Abdala Díaz, R.T., Chabrillón, M., Cabello-Pasini, A., Gómez-Pinchetti, J.L. & Figueroa, F.L. (2011). Characterization of polysaccharides from Hypnea spinella (Gigartinales) and Halopithys incurva (Ceramiales) and their effect on RAW 264.7 macrophage activity. J. Appl. Phycol 23: 523-528.
Guimaraens, M. A., Coimbra, C. A. & Coutinho, R. (1996). Modeling competition between Laurencia obtusa (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) and Hypnea spinella (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) at Cabo Frio Island, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 273-276.
Suárez-Álvarez, S., Gómez-Pinchetti, J.M. & García-Reina, G. (2012). Effects of increased CO2 levels on growth, photosynthesis, ammonium uptake and cell composition in the macroalga Hypnea spinella (Gigartinales, Rhodophya). J. Appl. Phycol. 24: 815-823.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 16 October 2018.

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