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Closterium directum W.Archer

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Streptophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Charophyta
Class Conjugatophyceae (Zygnematophyceae)
Order Desmidiales
Family Closteriaceae
Genus Closterium

Pictures

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Closterium directum W.Archer
Glen Lethnot, Angus, UK.. 10 Aug 2009. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Closterium directum W.Archer
Showing striae. Glen Lethnot, Angus. 10 Aug 2009. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Closterium directum W.Archer
Glen Lethnot, Angus, UK.. 10 Aug 2009. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Closterium directum W.Archer
Showing girdle bands. Glen Lethnot, Angus. 10 Aug 2009. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

 

Fucus ilicifolius Turner

Closterium directum W.Archer Showing striae. Glen Lethnot, Angus
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Closterium directum W.Archer 1862: 249, pls. 12: figs 23, 24

Published in: Archer, W. (1862). Description of a new species of Cosmarium (Corda), of Staurastrum (Meyen), of two new species of Closterium (Nitzch), and of Spirotaenia (Breb.). Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, new series 2: 247-255, pl. XII.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Closterium is Closterium lunula Ehrenberg & Hemprich ex Ralfs.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Closterium ulna Focke ex W.B.Turner 1892
Closterium ulna var. multinucleatum Deflandre 1925

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Type information
Type locality: "Dublin mountains" [Ireland] (Archer 1862: 249).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Brook, A.J. & Williamson, D.B. (2010). A monograph on some British desmids. Order Zygnematales Suborder Zygonemoidiineae Family Zygnemataceae Subfamily Mesotaenioideae (Saccoderm desmids) and Suborder Closteriineae Family Peniaceae and Family Closteriaceae. Edited by J.H. Price & N.J. Evans. pp. [i-ii], iii-v [1-5], 6-364, 157 pls. London: The Ray Society.

Brook, A.J., Williamson, D.B. & John, D.M. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Suborder Closteriineae. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 616-636. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Coesel, P.F.M. & Meesters, K.[J.] (2007). Desmids of the Lowlands Mesotaeniaceae and Desmidaceae of the European Lowlands. pp. [1]-351, 20 text-figs, 123 pls. Zeist: KNNV Publishing.

Day, S.A., Wickham, R.P., Entwisle, T.J. & Tyler, P.A. (1995). Bibliographic check-list of non-marine algae in Australia. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 4: i-vii, 1-276.

Förster, K. (1982). Conjugatophyceae Zygnematales und Desmidiales (excl. Zygnemataceae). In: Das Phytoplankton des Süßwassers Systematik und Biologie [Band] 8. Teil 1. Hälfte. pp. [i]-viii, [1]-543. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlangbuchhandlung (Nägele u. Obermiller). [in On shelf with series]

Förster, K. (1982). Conjugatophyceae Zygnematales und Desmidiales (excl. Zygnemataceae). In: Das Phytoplankton des Süßwassers Systematik und Biologie [Band] 8. Teil 1. Hälfte. pp. [i]-viii, [1]-543. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlangbuchhandlung (Nägele u. Obermiller). [in On shelf with series]

John, D.M. & Williamson, D.B. (2009). A practical guide to the desmids of the west of Ireland. pp. [i]-viii, 1-196, 49 pls, 12 col. photogr. 8 line- figs, 1 map, 3 tabs. Galway: Martin Ryan Institute.

Kouwets, F.A.C. (1999). A check-list of desmids (Chlorophyta, Zygnemaphyceae) of France. Patrimoines Natureles 41: 1-148.

Martello, G.V (2006). Alcune desmidiee della zona di Caldenave e della Val d'Inferno - Massiccio montuoso dei Lagorai (Trento). Informatore Botanico Italiano 38(2): 513-536.

Petlovany, O.A. & Tsarenko, P.M. (2015 '2014'). Desmidiales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 61-448. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Ruzicka, J. (1977). Die Desmidiaceen Mitteleuropas. Vol. 1(1) pp. [i-]-vi, [2], [1]-291, [292]], pls 1-44. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 06 September 2018 by M.D. Guiry

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 September 2018.

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