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Cosmarium botrytis Meneghini ex Ralfs

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Streptophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Charophyta
Class Conjugatophyceae (Zygnematophyceae)
Order Desmidiales
Family Desmidiaceae
Genus Cosmarium


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Cosmarium botrytis Meneghini ex Ralfs
Ornamental pond, Strathtyrum House, St Andrews, Scotland.. 02 Aug 2009. © C.F.Carter (Chris.Carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Cosmarium botrytis Meneghini ex Ralfs
Apical views at different focus points. Yardley Chase, Northamptonshire UK.. 15 Apr 2010. © C.F.Carter (Chris.Carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Cosmarium botrytis Meneghini ex Ralfs
Yardley Chase, Northamptonshire UK.. 15 Apr 2010. © C.F.Carter (Chris.Carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Cosmarium botrytis Meneghini ex Ralfs
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; pond, 400x, DIC. 11 May 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Cosmarium botrytis Meneghini ex Ralfs
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; pond, 1000x, DIC. 26 Oct 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).


Amphiroa verrucosa Kützing

Cosmarium botrytis Meneghini ex Ralfs Ornamental pond, Strathtyrum House, St Andrews, Scotland.
© C.F.Carter (Chris.Carter@6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Cosmarium botrytis Meneghini ex Ralfs 1848: 99, pl. XVI [16]: fig. 1

Published in: Ralfs, J. (1848). The British Desmidieae. pp. [i]-xxii, [i], [1]-226, pls I-XXXV. London: Reeve, Benham & Reeve.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Cosmarium is Cosmarium undulatum Corda ex Ralfs.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Euastrum botrytis (Meneghini ex Ralfs) Nägeli 1849

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Heterocarpella botrytis Bory 1825
Didymidium botrytis (Bory) Reinsch 1866
Ursinella botrytis (Bory) Kuntze 1891

Taxonomic notes
Originally described by Meneghini (1840: 220) which predates the stating date of the desmids (Ralfs, 1848). - (25 Apr 2009) -

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

No distributions recorded
No distributional records for this taxon have been recorded by AlgaeBase to date. Generally, recent national lists or extensive regional or state lists have been employed to give a general indication of distribution.

(as Cosmarium botrytis Meneghini ex Ralfs)
Arctic: Arctic (Patova, Davdov & Andreeva 2015).

Europe: Andorra (Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998), Austria (Lenzenweger 1999), Balearic Islands (Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998), Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Britain (Brook & Johnson 2002, Whitton et al. 2003, John, Whitton & Brook 2011), Czech Republic (Stastny 2010, Petra Mazalová, Jana ), Czech Republic and/or Slovakia (Drummond et al 2005), France (Kouwets 1999, Anon. 2017), Georgia (Barinova et al. 2011, Barinova & Kukhaleishvili 2014, Barinova & Kukhaleishvili 2017), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996, Mauch & Schmedtje 2003, Täuscher 2014, Täuscher 2015 , Täuscher 2016, Paul, Stastny & Doege 2017), Ireland (Adams 1908, John, Williamson & Guiry 2011), Italy (Abdelahad et al. 2003), Latvia (Skuja 1928), Netherlands (Coesel 1991, Veen et al. 2015), Portugal (Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998), Romania (Caraus 2002, Caraus 2002, Caraus 2012, Caraus 2017), Russia (Europe) (Fenchel et al. 1995, Patova & Demina 2007, Patova & Demina 2008, Patova & Novakovskaya 2018), Scandinavia (Karlason et al. 2018), Serbia (Fuzinato et al. 2011), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016, Hindák & Hindáková 2016), Slovenia (Vrhovsek et al. 2006), Spain (Aboal 1991, Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998), Sweden (Skuja 1948), Turkey (Europe) (Aysel 2005), Ukraine (Petlovany & Tsarenko 2015).

North America: Alaska (AK) (Saunders 1901), Arkansas (AR) (Akin & Meyer 1996, Smith 2010), Northwest Territories (Sheath & Steinman 1982, Sheath & Steinman 1982), Québec (Irénée-Marie 1939, Poulin, Hamilton & Proulx 1995).

Caribbean Islands: Cuba (Comas González 2008, Comas González 2009).

South America: Argentina (Tell 1985), Brazil (Bicudo, Martau & Ungaretti 1975, Araújo et al. 2010, Biolo & Bicudo 2018).

Africa: Ghana (Smith, Smith & Nii Yemoh Annang 2015), Sudan (Reinhold 1937), Zaire (Golama Swana Kaketa 1996).

South-west Asia: India (Gupta 2012), Iraq (Maulood et al. 2013), Pakistan (Hussain et al. 2010).

Asia: China (Hu & Wei 2006, Wei 2013), Nepal (Hirano 1969), Russia (Palamar-Mordvintseva 1982), Russia (Far East) (Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014), Russia (Siberia) (Luknitskaya 2014), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014, Shao 2003-2014), Tajikistan (Barinova, Boboev & Hisoriev 2015, Barinova & Niyatbekov 2018), Turkey (Asia) (Varol & Sen 2014).

South-east Asia: Thailand (Hirano 1992).

Australia and New Zealand: New South Wales (Day et al. 1995), New Zealand (Chapman, Thompson & Segar 1957, Croasdale & Flint 1988, Broady et al. 2012), Queensland (Day et al. 1995), Victoria (Day et al. 1995).

Key references
Brook, A.J., Williamson, D.B. & John, D.M. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Suborder Desmidiineae. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 636-741. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Coesel, P.F.M. & Meesters, K.[J.] (2007). Desmids of the Lowlands Mesotaeniaceae and Desmidaceae of the European Lowlands. pp. [1]-351, 20 text-figs, 123 pls. Zeist: KNNV Publishing.

Day, S.A., Wickham, R.P., Entwisle, T.J. & Tyler, P.A. (1995). Bibliographic check-list of non-marine algae in Australia. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 4: i-vii, 1-276.

Förster, K. (1982). Conjugatophyceae Zygnematales und Desmidiales (excl. Zygnemataceae). In: Das Phytoplankton des Süßwassers Systematik und Biologie [Band] 8. Teil 1. Hälfte. pp. [i]-viii, [1]-543. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlangbuchhandlung (Nägele u. Obermiller). [in On shelf with series]

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

Kouwets, F.A.C. (1999). A check-list of desmids (Chlorophyta, Zygnemaphyceae) of France. Patrimoines Natureles 41: 1-148.

Martello, G.V. (2004). Le Desmidiée (Chlorophyta, Zygnematophyceae) dei "Sette Laghi"nel massiccio montuoso dei Lagorai: ecologia e distribuzione in relazione all'acidita delle acque. Natura Vicentina 8: 5-32.

Martello, G.V. (2006). Closterium parvulum Nägeli var. lenzenwegeriense, description of a new variety. Algological Studies 120: 15-19.

Martello, G.V. (2006). Le Desmidiée (Chlorophyta, Zygnematophyceae) del Laghetto di Costa d'Agra,sull'Altopiano de Tonezza (VI). The Desmids (Chlorophyta, Zygematophyceae) of the Costa d'Agra Lake, on the Tonezza Plateau (VI). Natura Vicentina 10: 113-128.

Palamar-Mordvintseva, G.M. (1982). Opredelitel' presnovodnykh vodoroslei SSSR [Key to Freshwater Algae of the USSR. Vol. 11 Part 2.] Zelenye vodorosli. Klass Kon'yugaty. Poryadok Desmidievye. Chlorophyta, Desminiales (2). pp. [1]-619 [620], 163 pls. Leningrad: Nauka Leningradskoe otdelenie. [in Russian]

Palamar-Mordvintseva, G.M. (1986). [Identification manual of the freshwater algae of Ukrainian RSR. Issue VIII Part 2 Dedmidiales]. pp. [1]-317 [318]. Kiev: Nauk. Dumka Press. [in Ukrainian]

Petlovany, O.A. & Tsarenko, P.M. (2015 '2014'). Desmidiales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 61-448. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

West, W. & West, G.S. (1912). A monograph of the British Desmidiaceae. IV. pp. [i]-xiv, [1]-194, pl. 96-128. London: The Ray Society.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 07 September 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5980 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Berliner, M.D. & Guth, E. (1979). Zygote formation in Cosmarium botrytis studied by scanning and transmission electron microscopy, phase-contrast, and calcofluor staining. Protoplasma 101: 1-10.
Berliner, M.D. (1981). Hormone effects on Cosmarium botrytis cell division. Cytobios 30: 89-99.
Brandham, P.E. & Godward, M.B.E. (1964). The production and inheritance of the haploid triradiate form in Cosmarium botrytis. Phycologia 4: 75-83, 6 figs, 2 tables.
Lott, J.N.A., Harris, G.P. & Turner, C.D. (1972). The cell wall of Cosmarium botrytis. Journal of Phycology 8: 232-236, 9 figs.
Pickett-Heaps, J. (1972). Cell division in Cosmarium botrytis. Journal of Phycology 8: 343-360, 46 figs, 1 diagram.
Tews, L.L. (1969). Dimorphism in Cosmarium botrytis var. depressum. Journal of Phycology 5: 270-271, 4 figs.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 March 2019.

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