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Coelarthrum opuntia (Endlicher) Børgesen

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Rhodymeniales
Family Rhodymeniaceae
Genus Coelarthrum

Pictures

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Coelarthrum opuntia (Endlicher) Børgesen
James Price Point, Western Australia. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Coelarthrum opuntia (Endlicher) Børgesen
Tanzania. Eurico Oliveira. © Eurico Oliveira (euricodo@usp.br).

Coelarthrum opuntia (Endlicher) Børgesen
Perth, Western Australia; in sand.. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).

 

Ulva turneri Dillwyn ex J.E.Smith

Coelarthrum opuntia (Endlicher) Børgesen Tanzania
© Eurico Oliveira (euricodo@usp.br)

Publication details
Coelarthrum opuntia (Endlicher) Børgesen 1937: 333, figs 9, 10 a, b

Published in: Børgesen, F. (1937). Contributions to a South Indian marine algal flora. II. Journal of the Indian Botanical Society 16: 311-357, 20 figs.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Coelarthrum is Coelarthrum albertisii (Piccone) Børgesen.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Chrysymenia opuntia Endlicher

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Chondria opuntia J.Agardh 1841
Chrysymenia opuntia Endlicher 1843
Gastroclonium opuntia (Endlicher) Kützing 1849
Lomentaria opuntia (Endlicher) J.Agardh 1852
Lomentaria muelleri Sonder 1853
Chylocladia muelleri (Sonder) Harvey 1860
Lomentaria valida Kützing 1865
Chylocladia valida (Kützing) J.Agardh 1890
Sedoidea opuntia (Endlicher) Kuntze 1891
Erythrocolon muelleri (Sonder) De Toni 1900
Coelarthrum muelleri (Sonder) Børgesen 1931

Nomenclatural notes
Chondria opuntia J. Agardh, the intended basionym of Coelarthrum opuntia, is not priorable since it is a later homonym of Chondria opuntia (Goodenough & Woodward) C. Agardh (1917: XVIII) (Silva et al. 1996: 358). - (27 Feb 2009) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Habitat
Attached to rock or some other firm substratum (such as jetty pilings) at depths ranging from shallow rock pools to 38 m Huisman 1996: 103).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Coelarthrum muelleri (Sonder) Børgesen)
South-west Asia: India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001), Pakistan (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Yemen (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Asia: Japan (Segawa 1981, Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990).

(as Coelarthrum opuntia (Endlicher) Børgesen)
Africa: Kenya (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005).

South-west Asia: India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Rao & Gupta 2015), Pakistan (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Sri Lanka (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Yemen (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Asia: Japan (Yoshida 1998, Okamoto, Nagumo, Tanaka & Inouye, 2003, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2012).

Australia and New Zealand: Northern Territory (Womersley 1996, Huisman 2000), Queensland (Phillips 1997, Huisman 2000, Phillips 2002), South Australia (Womersley 1996, Huisman 2000), Tasmania (Womersley 1996, Huisman 2000), Victoria (Womersley 1996, Huisman 2000), Western Australia (Womersley 1996, Huisman 2000, Huisman & Borowitzka 2003, Huisman 2018).

Key references
Huisman, J.M. (1996). The red algal genus Coelarthrum Børgesen (Rhodymeniaceae, Rhodymeniales) in Australian seas, including the description of Chamaebotrys gen. nov. Phycologia 35: 95-112.

Huisman, J.M. (2018). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. pp. [i]-xii, 1-672, 189 figs. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Okamoto, N., Nagumo, T., Tanaka, J. & Inouye, I. (2003). An endophytic diatom Gyrosigma coelophilum sp. nov. (Naviculales, Bacillariophyceae) lives inside the red alga Coelarthrum opuntia (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyceae). Phycologia 42: 498-505.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1996). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIB - Gracilariales, Rhodymeniales, Corallinales and Bonnemaisoniales. Vol. 5 pp. 1-392, 160 figs. Canberra & Adelaide: Australian Biological Resources Study & the State Herbarium of South Australia.

Created: 20 January 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 September 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2205 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Okamoto, N., Nagumo, T., Tanaka, J. & Inouye, I. (2003). An endophytic diatom Gyrosigma coelophilum sp. nov. (Naviculales, Bacillariophyceae) lives inside the red alga Coelarthrum opuntia (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyceae). Phycologia 42: 498-505.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 July 2019.

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