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Xanthidium fasciculatum Ehrenberg ex Ralfs

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Streptophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Charophyta
Class Conjugatophyceae (Zygnematophyceae)
Order Desmidiales
Family Desmidiaceae
Genus Xanthidium

Pictures

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Xanthidium fasciculatum Ehrenberg ex Ralfs
Side views. Collected by Claudia Ferguson-Smyth. Isle of Tiree, Scotland.. 19 Sep 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Xanthidium fasciculatum Ehrenberg ex Ralfs
Face views at different levels.Collected by Claudia Ferguson-Smyth. Isle of Tiree, Scotland.. 19 Sep 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Xanthidium fasciculatum Ehrenberg ex Ralfs
Apical views. Collected by Claudia Ferguson-Smyth. Isle of Tiree, Scotland.. 19 Sep 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Xanthidium fasciculatum Ehrenberg ex Ralfs
All views. Collected by Claudia Ferguson-Smyth. Isle of Tiree, Scotland.. 19 Sep 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

 

Caulerpa papillosa J.Agardh

Xanthidium fasciculatum Ehrenberg ex Ralfs Side views. Collected by Claudia Ferguson-Smyth. Isle of Tiree, Scotland.
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Xanthidium fasciculatum Ehrenberg ex Ralfs 1848: 114, pl. XIX [19]: fig. 4; pl. XX [20]: fig. 1

Published in: Ralfs, J. (1848). The British Desmidieae. pp. [i]-xxii, [i], [1]-226, pls I-XXXV. London: Reeve, Benham & Reeve.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Xanthidium is Xanthidium aculeatum Ehrenberg ex Ralfs.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), clustered, growing in bundles (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Holacanthum fasciculatum (Ralfs) Franzé

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Xanthidium fasciculatum var. polygonum Ralfs
Xanthidium fasciculatum var. ornatum Nordstedt 1885

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Brook, A.J., Williamson, D.B. & John, D.M. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Suborder Desmidiineae. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 636-741. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Coesel, P.F.M. & Meesters, K.[J.] (2007). Desmids of the Lowlands Mesotaeniaceae and Desmidaceae of the European Lowlands. pp. [1]-351, 20 text-figs, 123 pls. Zeist: KNNV Publishing.

Day, S.A., Wickham, R.P., Entwisle, T.J. & Tyler, P.A. (1995). Bibliographic check-list of non-marine algae in Australia. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 4: i-vii, 1-276.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Kouwets, F.A.C. (1999). A check-list of desmids (Chlorophyta, Zygnemaphyceae) of France. Patrimoines Natureles 41: 1-148.

Palamar-Mordvintseva, G.M. (1982). Opredelitel' presnovodnykh vodoroslei SSSR [Key to Freshwater Algae of the USSR. Vol. 11 Part 2.] Zelenye vodorosli. Klass Kon'yugaty. Poryadok Desmidievye. Chlorophyta, Desminiales (2). pp. [1]-619 [620], 163 pls. Leningrad: Nauka Leningradskoe otdelenie. [in Russian]

Petlovany, O.A. & Tsarenko, P.M. (2015 '2014'). Desmidiales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 61-448. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

West, W. & West, G.S. (1912). A monograph of the British Desmidiaceae. IV. pp. [i]-xiv, [1]-194, pl. 96-128. London: The Ray Society.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 31 July 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 694 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 November 2018.

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