153,208 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,952 images, 59,247 bibliographic items, 409,069 distributional records.

Phacus longicauda (Ehrenberg) Dujardin

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Protozoa
Subkingdom Eozoa
Infrakingdom Infrakingdom Euglenozoa
Phylum Euglenozoa
Subphylum Euglenoida
Class Euglenophyceae
Subclass Euglenophycidae
Order Euglenales [=Euglenida]
Family Phacaceae
Genus Phacus

Pictures

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Phacus longicauda (Ehrenberg) Dujardin
Alcohol preserved. Collected by Luca Marazzi, Okavango Delta, Botswana. 20 Mar 2011. © C.F.Carter (chris.Carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Phacus longicauda (Ehrenberg) Dujardin
Teal Lake, Washington, USA; 400x, DIC. 25 Jun 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

 

Eunotia praerupta var. bigibba (Kützing) Grunow

Phacus longicauda (Ehrenberg) Dujardin Alcohol preserved. Collected by Luca Marazzi, Okavango Delta, Botswana
© C.F.Carter (chris.Carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com

Publication details
Phacus longicauda (Ehrenberg) Dujardin 1841: 337, pl. 5 fig. 6

Published in: Dujardin, F. (1841). Histoire naturelle des Zoophytes, Infusoires, comprenant la physiologie et la clasification de ces animaux et la manière de les étudier à l'aide du microscope. pp. i-xii, 1-684. Paris: Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Phacus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Euglena longicauda Ehrenberg

Type information
Type locality: Berlin (Silva 1996-to date). Lectotype: drawing 550a image (Ecdraw 550) from Ehrenberg's Collection : Fig. 3d ; see below (epitype) (Lukomska-Kowalczyk et al. 2015: 1151). Notes: Representative DNA sequence: GenBank KP944103. Representative locality: freshwater pond in Lazienki Park in Warsaw (52°12'47.8'N, 21°01'48.7"E).

Origin of species name
Noun (Latin), long-tail; noun in apposition.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Euglena longicauda Ehrenberg 1830

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Phacus longicauda var. major Swirenko 1915
Phacus longicauda var. insectus Koczwara 1917
Phacus longicauda subsp. insectus (Koczwara) Pochmann 1942
Phacus longicauda subsp. madagassicus Pochmann 1942
Phacus longicauda subsp. maior (Svirenko) Pochmann 1942
Phacus longicauda var. madagassicus (Pochmann) Huber-Pestalozzi 1955
Phacus longicauda f. insectus Huber-Pestalozzi 1955

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Description
Amended diagnosis (Lukomska-Kowalczyk et al, 2015: 1151).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Bennett, M.S. & Triemer, R.E. (2012). A new method for obtaining nuclear gene sequences from field samples and taxonomic revisions of the photosynthetic euglenoids Lepocinclus (Euglena) helicoideus and Lepocinclis (Phacus) horridus (Euglenophyta). Journal of Phycology 48(1): 254-260.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

Lemmermann, E. (1913). Flagellatae II. Eugleninae. In: Die Süsswasserflora Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz. Heft 2. (Pascher, A. & Lemmermann, E. Eds), pp. 115-174. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer.

Lukomska-Kowalczyk, M., Karnkowska, A., Milanowski, R., Lach, L. & Zakrysá, B. (2015). Delimiting species in the Phacus longicauda complex (Euglenida) through morphological and molecular analyses. Journal of Phycology 51(6): 1147-1157.

Marin, B., Palm, A., Klingberg, M. & Melkonian, M. (2003). Phylogeny and taxonomic revision of plastid-containing euglenophytes based on SSU rDNA sequence comparisons and synapomorphic signatures in the SSU rRNA secondary structure. Protist 154: 99-145, 7 figs, 9 tables.

Starmach, K. (1983). Euglenophyta - Eugleniny. Vol. 3 pp. 1-594. Warszawa: Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe.

Tariq-Ali, S., Masud-ul-Hasan & Shameel, M. (2005). Taxonomic study of the genus Phacus Dujardin (Euglenophyta) from Lahore and Sialkot districts of Pakistan. Int. J. Phycol. Phycochem. 1(2): 173-176.

Wołowski, K, & Hindák, F. (2005). Atlas of Euglenophytes. pp. [1]-136, 417 figs. Cracow: VEDA Publishing House of the Slovak Academy of Sciences.

Wołowski, K. (1998). Taxonomic and environmental studies on euglenophytes of the Kraków-Czestochowa Upland (Southern Poland). Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Supplementum 6: 1-192, 29 pls.

Wołowski, K. (2011). Euglenophyta (Euglenoids). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 181-239. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wołowski, K., Poniewozik, M. & Walne, P.L. (2013). Pigmented euglenophytes of the genera Euglena, Euglenaria, Lepocinclis, Phacus and Monomorphina from the southeastern United States. Polish Botanical Journal 58(2): 659-685.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 24 July 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 8342 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Lukomska-Kowalczyk, M., Karnkowska, A., Milanowski, R., Lach, L. & Zakrysá, B. (2015). Delimiting species in the Phacus longicauda complex (Euglenida) through morphological and molecular analyses. Journal of Phycology 51(6): 1147-1157.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 October 2018.

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