153,622 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,981 images, 59,421 bibliographic items, 412,629 distributional records.

Phacus pyrum (Ehrenberg) W.Archer

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Protozoa
Subkingdom Eozoa
Infrakingdom Infrakingdom Euglenozoa
Phylum Euglenozoa
Subphylum Euglenoida
Class Euglenophyceae
Subclass Euglenophycidae
Order Euglenales [=Euglenida]
Family Phacaceae
Genus Phacus

Pictures

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Phacus pyrum (Ehrenberg) W.Archer
Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire, UK.. 14 Sep 2011. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Phacus pyrum (Ehrenberg) W.Archer
Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire, UK.. 14 Sep 2011. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Phacus pyrum (Ehrenberg) W.Archer
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; pond, 1000x, DIC. 26 Apr 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Phacus pyrum (Ehrenberg) W.Archer
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; pond, 400x, DIC. 26 Apr 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Phacus pyrum (Ehrenberg) W.Archer
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; pond, 400x, DIC. 26 Apr 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

 

Lithothamnion antarcticum (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) Heydrich

Monomorphina pyrum (Ehrenberg) Mereschkowsky Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire, UK.
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Phacus pyrum (Ehrenberg) W.Archer 1871: 99

Published in: Archer, W. (1871). In: Anon. Dublin Microscopical Club. pp. 91-104. In: Anon. Proceedings of Societies pp. 91-106. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, London, Series 2 11: 99.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Phacus is Phacus longicauda (Ehrenberg) Dujardin.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Monomorphina pyrum (Ehrenberg) Mereschkowsky

Basionym
Euglena pyrum Ehrenberg

Type information
Type locality: Germany: Berlin (Silva 1996-to date). Lectotype: fig. V in Ehrenberg: Permanently preserved material of strain ACOI 2778 (cells in resin, for EM); figs 1, a-d and 2, j-l (epitype) Herbariumof the Department of Plant Systematic and Geography at Warsaw University (Kosmala et al 2007: 177, 178). Notes: The culture from which the epitype was described has been deposited in the Algae Culture Collection of the Department of Botany, University of Coimbra, Portugal, as number ACOI 2778 and in the Culture Collection of Algae at the University of Cologne (CCAC), Germany (Kosmala et al. 2007: 178, 179).

Origin of species name
Noun (Latin), pear (Brown 1956).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
Leander & Farmer (2001) and Nudelman et al. (2003) cite Stein as the authority; Archer is cited by INA. - (22 Nov 2011) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Valadez, F., Rosiles-Gonzalez, G. & Cremona, J. (2010). Euglenophytes from Lake Chignahuapan, Mexico. Cryptogamie Algologie 31(3): 305-319.

Key references
Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

Leander, B.S. & Farmer, M.A. (2001). Evolution of Phacus (Euglenophyceae) as inferred from pellicle morphology and SSU rDNA. Journal of Phycology 37: 143-159.

Lemmermann, E. (1913). Flagellatae II. Eugleninae. In: Die Süsswasserflora Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz. Heft 2. (Pascher, A. & Lemmermann, E. Eds), pp. 115-174. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer.

Nudelman, M.A., Rossi, M.S., Conforti, V. & Triemer, R.E. (2003). Phylogeny of Euglenophyceae based on small subunit rDNA sequences: taxonomic implications. Journal of Phycology 39: 226-235.

Silva, P.C. (1996-to date). Index Nominum Algarum, University Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/INA.html. Updated continuously. ..

Starmach, K. (1983). Euglenophyta - Eugleniny. Vol. 3 pp. 1-594. Warszawa: Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe.

Tariq-Ali, S., Masud-ul-Hasan & Shameel, M. (2005). Taxonomic study of the genus Phacus Dujardin (Euglenophyta) from Lahore and Sialkot districts of Pakistan. Int. J. Phycol. Phycochem. 1(2): 173-176.

Wołowski, K. (1998). Taxonomic and environmental studies on euglenophytes of the Kraków-Czestochowa Upland (Southern Poland). Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Supplementum 6: 1-192, 29 pls.

Culture Centre for Algae and Protozoa (CCAP) cultures
Strain Number 1261/4B Phacus pyrum (Ehrenberg) W.Archer
Go to CCAP Site

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 24 July 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2992 times since it was created.

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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=30615

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 November 2018.

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