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Sphaerotrichia divaricata (C.Agardh) Kylin

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Ectocarpales
Family Chordariaceae
Genus Sphaerotrichia

Pictures

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Sphaerotrichia divaricata (C.Agardh) Kylin
Peter the Great Bay, Russia. 28 Mar 2012. Oksana Belous. © Oksana Belous (ksu_bio@mail.ru).

Sphaerotrichia divaricata (C.Agardh) Kylin
Peter the Great Bay, Russia. 28 Mar 2012. Oksana Belous. © Oksana Belous (ksu_bio@mail.ru).

Sphaerotrichia divaricata (C.Agardh) Kylin
Peter the Great Bay, Russia. 28 Mar 2012. Oksana Belous. © Oksana Belous (ksu_bio@mail.ru).

 

Dasyclonium cuneifolium (Montagne) Scagel

Sphaerotrichia divaricata (C.Agardh) Kylin Peter the Great Bay, Russia
© Oksana Belous (ksu_bio@mail.ru)

Publication details
Sphaerotrichia divaricata (C.Agardh) Kylin 1940: 38, fig. 20 C-D

Published in: Kylin, H. (1940). Die Phaeophyceenordnung Chordariales. Acta Universitatis Lundensis 36(9): 1-67, 30 figs.

Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Sphaerotrichia.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Chordaria divaricata C.Agardh

Type information
Type locality: "In sinu Codano" Type: herb. alg. Agardh, LD?

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), divaricate, spreading at a wide angle (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Chordaria divaricata C.Agardh 1817
Castagnea divaricata (C.Agardh) J.Agardh 1882
Nemacystus divaricatus (C.Agardh) Hygen 1934

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Sphaerotrichia japonica Kylin 1940
Sphaerotrichia chordarioides Yamada 1944
Sphaerotrichia chordarioides var. gracilis Yamada 1944
Sphaerotrichia divaricata f. typica Inagaki 1954
Sphaerotrichia divaricata f. choratioides (Yamada) Inagaki 1954
Sphaerotrichia divaricata f. gracilis (Yamada) Inagaki 1954

Distributional notes
Ribera et al. (1992) reported S. divaricata (C. Agardh) Kylin from Turkey and the Thau Lagoon (France). However, because the record from Turkey [fide Athanasiadis (1987: 114)] is doubtful and that from the Thau Lagoon, following the study by Kim et al. (2003), should be referred to as S. firma, S. divaricata should be excluded from the Mediterranean flora. - (27 Aug 2015) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Sphaerotrichia japonica Kylin)
Japanese: Kusa-mozuku (Tokida 1954).

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
kusa-mozuku {Jap}

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Chordaria divaricata C.Agardh)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931), Ireland (Adams 1907, Adams 1908), Sweden (Kylin 1907).

Atlantic Islands: Azores (Neto 1994).

(as Castagnea divaricata (C.Agardh) J.Agardh)
Asia: Japan (Holmes 1896, Okamura 1936).

(as Sphaerotrichia divaricata (C.Agardh) Kylin)
Arctic: Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Gulliksen et al. 1999), White Sea (Smirnova & Mikhailova 2013).

Europe: Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Baltic Sea (Nielsen et al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Britain (Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie et al. 2016), Denmark (Kim, Peters & Kawai 2003), France (Ben Maiz, Boudouresque, Lauret & Riouall 1988, Ribera et al. 1992, Verlaque 2001, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996), Ireland (Guiry 1978, Morton 1994, Guiry 2012), Norway (Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996, Karlason et al. 2018), Sweden (Kylin 1947, Kim, Peters & Kawai 2003), Turkey (Europe) (Güven & Öztig 1971, Ribera et al. 1992).

Atlantic Islands: Azores (Parente).

North America: British Columbia (Kim, Peters & Kawai 2003), Connecticut (CT) (Schneider, Suyemoto & Yarish 1979), Labrador (Taylor 1957), New Hampshire (HN) (Mathieson & Hehre 1986), New Jersey (NJ) (Taylor 1957), Newfoundland (Taylor 1957, Kim, Peters & Kawai 2003), Québec (Taylor 1957).

South-west Asia: Turkey (Asia) (Taskin et al. 2008 ).

Asia: China (Liu 2008), Japan (Segawa 1981, Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998, Kim & Kawai 2002, Kim, Peters & Kawai 2003, Terasaki et al. 2009, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015), Kamchatka (Klochkova, Korolyova & Kusidi 2009), Korea (Lee & Kang 1986, Lee & Kang 2001), Russia (Kozhenkova 2009), Russia (Far East) (Perestenko 1980, Kloczcova 1996).

Australia and New Zealand: Queensland (Lewis 1985).

(as Sphaerotrichia japonica Kylin)
Asia: China (Liu 2008, Tseng 2009).

Key references
Belous O.C., Titlyanova, T.B. & Titlyanov E.A. (2013). [Marine plants of Trinity Bay and adjacent waters (Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan)]. pp. [1]-263. Vladivostok: Dal'nauka. [in Russian]

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Catra, M., Alongi, G. & Giaccone, G. (2012). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Phaeophyceae. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia 45: 1-508.

Inagaki, K.I. (1954). Contributions to the knowledge of the Chordariales from Japan I. Scientific Papers of the Institute of Algological Research, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido Imperial University 4(1): 1-14.

Kim, S.-H, Peters, A.F. & Kawai, H. (2003). Taxonomic revision of Sphaerotrichia divaricata (Ectocarpales, Phaeophyceae), with a reappraisal of S. firma from the north-west Pacific. Phycologia 42(2): 183-192, 9 figs, 3 tables.

Klochkova, N.G., Korolyova, T.N. & Kusidi, A.E. (2009). [Atlas of algae-macrophytes Kamchatka waters. Vol 1. Green algae and brown algae]. pp. 1-216. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: KamchatNIRO Press. [in Russian]

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Peters, A.F. (1987). Reproduction and sexuality in the Chordariales (Phaeophyceae). Progress in Phycological Research 5: 223-264.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Zinova, A.D. (1953). Opredelitel burykh vodoroslej severnykh morej SSSR [Manual for identification of the brown algae of the northern seas of the USSR]. pp. 1-224. Moscow & Leningrad: Akad. Nauk SSSR.

Created: 09 April 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 26 July 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5157 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Ajisaki, T. & Umezaki, I. (1978). The life history of Sphaerotrichia divaricata (Ag.) Kylin (Phaeophyta, Chordariales) in culture. Japanese Journal of Phycology 26: 53-59.
Kim, S.-H, Peters, A.F. & Kawai, H. (2003). Taxonomic revision of Sphaerotrichia divaricata (Ectocarpales, Phaeophyceae), with a reappraisal of S. firma from the north-west Pacific. Phycologia 42(2): 183-192, 9 figs, 3 tables.
Novaczek, I. & McLachlan, J. (1987). Correlation of temperature and daylength response of Sphaerotrichia divaricata (Phaeophyta, Chordariales) with field phenology in Nova Scotia and distribution in eastern North America. British Phycological Journal 22: 215-219.
Peters, A. F., Kawai, H. & Novaczek, I. (1993). Intraspecific sterility barrier confirms that introduction of Sphaerotrichia divaricata (Phaeophyceae, Chordariales) into the Mediterranean was from Japan. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 14: 31-36.
Peters, A.F. & Müller, D.G. (1986). Critical re-examination of sexual reproduction in Tinocladia crassa, Nemacystus decipiens and Sphaerotrichia divaricata (Phaeophyceae, Chordariales). Japanese Journal of Phycology 34: 69-73.
Peters, A.F., Kawai, H. & Novaczek, I. (1993). Intraspecific sterility barrier confirms that introduction of Sphaerotrichia divaricata (Phaeophyceae, Chordiales) into the Mediterranean was from Japan. Hydrobiology 260/261: 31-36.
Peters, A.F., Novaczek, I., Müller, D.G. & McLachlan, J. (1987). Culture studies on reproduction of Sphaerotrichia divaricata (Chordariales, Phaeophyceae). Phycologia 26: 457-466.
Riouall, R. (1985). Sur la présence dans l'Etange de Thau (Hérault-France) de Sphaerotrichia divaricata (C. Ag.) Kylin et Chorda filum (L.) Stackhouse. Botanica Marina 28: 83-86.
Yotsui, T. & Yamada, J. (1990). Cultivation of Ishimozuku Sphaerotrichia divaricata Phaeophyta, Chordariales by using regenerated zygotic filamentous germlings as seed plants. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 56(11): 1735-1739.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 July 2019.

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