155,607 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,916 images, 60,166 bibliographic items, 438,693 distributional records.

Apoglossum gregarium (E.Y.Dawson) M.J.Wynne

Publication details
Apoglossum gregarium (E.Y.Dawson) M.J.Wynne 1985: 169

Published in: Wynne, M.J. (1985). Taxonomic notes on some Delesseriaceae (Rhodophyta) occurring in southern California and Mexico. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 84: 164-171, 13 figs, 1 table.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Apoglossum is Apoglossum ruscifolium (Turner) J.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Phrix spatulata (E.Y.Dawson) M.J.Wynne, M.Kamiya & J.A.West

Hypoglossum gregarium E.Y.Dawson

Type information
Type locality: Isla San Lorenzo del Norte (Isla las Ánimas), Baja California, Mexico (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 447).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Membranoptera spathulata E.Y.Dawson

Distributional notes
This species has been introduced into the Mediterranean (Verlaque et al. 2015: 157), probably by shipping, being first found at the Tuscan archipelago, Italy in 1992. - (5 Nov 2015) - M.D. Guiry

Habitat notes
Tsiamis & Bellou (2010) note that this is a deep-water species and the Greek collection is from 50 m depth, on a bryozoan attached to artificial substratum, in very clear water. They cite other records where the species was epiphytic or epizoic. - (29 Apr 2011) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Apoglossum gregarium (E.Y.Dawson) M.J.Wynne)
Europe: Balearic Islands (Clavell & Polo 2000, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001), France (Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Anon. 2017), Greece (Tsiamis & Bellou 2010, Tsiamis & Panoytidis 2016), Italy (Sartoni & Boddi 1993, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002, Furnari et al. 2003, Cormaci et al. 2004 ), Monaco (Cormaci et al. 2004 ), Spain (Clavell & Polo 2000, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Cormaci et al. 2004 ), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016).

Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Schneider 2000, Schneider 2003).

North America: California (CA) (Stewart 1991, Miller 2012).

Central America: Gulf of California (Wynne 2014).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Venezuela (Gómez, García & Gil 2013).

Africa: South Africa (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Pacific Islands: Hawaiian Islands (HI) (Abbott 1999).

Source of current name
Muñoz, L.A., Wynne, M.J., Kamiya, M., West, J.A., Küpper, F.C., Ramirez, M.E. & Peters, A.F. (2018). Reinstatement of Phrix (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta) based on DNA sequence analyses and morpho-anatomical evidence. Phytotaxa 334(3): 215-224, 14 figs.

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. II. pp. [2], 763-1504. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Gómez, S., García, M. & Gil, N. (2013). Adiciones a la ficoflora marina de Venezuela. III. Ceramiales y Rhodymeniales (Rhodophyta). Additions to the marine phycoflora of Venezuela. III. Ceramiales and Rhodymeniales (Rhodophyta). Rodriguésia 64(3): 573-580.

Nam, K.W. & Kang, P.J. (2012). Algal flora of Korea. Volume 4, Number 7 Rhodophyta: Florideophyceae: Ceramiales: Delesseriaceae: 22 genera including Acrosorium. pp. [1-4], 1-129, figs 1-98. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photograph and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Wynne, M.J. (2005). A check-list of benthic marine algae of the tropical and subtropical western Atlantic: second revision. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 129: 1-152.

Wynne, M.J. (2014 '2013'). The red algal families Delesseriaceae and Sarcomeniaceae. pp. [1]-326, 118 figs. Königstein: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Created: 26 January 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 19 January 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1572 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Clavell, A. & Polo, L. (1998). Estudio comparativo entre Apoglossum gregarium (Dawson) Wynne y Apoglossum ruscifolium (Turner) J. Agardh (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta) en las Costa Brava (Girona) y Baleares. Algas 19((Suppl.)): 3-4.
Clavell, A. & Polo, L. (2000). Apoglossum gregarium (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta) en la Costa Brava (Gerona) y Baleares. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 57: 396-397.
Park, M.R., Oak, J.H. & Lee, I.K. (2006). Apoglossum minimum and A. gregarium (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta), two new records from Korea. Algae 21(4): 425-432, 25 figs.
Sartoni, G. & Boddi, S. (1993). Apoglossum gregarium (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta), a new record for Mediterranean algal flora. Botanica Marina 36: 297-302.
Tsiamis, K. & Bellou, N. (2010). Apoglossum gregarium (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta) from Greece: a new record for the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Botanica Marina 53(4): 313-317.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 June 2019.

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