Trentepohlia jolithus ( ) Wallroth
Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth Northern flank of Cross Fell, Cumbria, England, U.K.; growing on carboniferous gritstone at 840 m above sea level. Collected by Jeremy Roberts and identified by Fabio Rindi
Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth 1833: 151
Original publication: Wallroth,F.G. (1833). Flora Cryptogamica Germaniae 2 Algas et fungos. pp. [i]-lvi, 1-923. Norimbergae [Nürberg]: Schragius [J.L. Schrag].
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Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Byssus jolithus Linnaeus
Type locality: "Habitat in Europaea frigidae sylvis opacis, supra saxa ante unum alterumve annum eversa et supinata." (Koeman 1985: 1159). Type: LINN 1278.11b Notes: Linnaeus cites references to his Flora Lapponica and Flora Suecica under this species, but the only specimen in his Herbarium [no. 1278. 11b] is labelled by Ehrhart and therefore was not present in 1753. The name is currently applied to Trentepohlia iolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth and there is no reason to suppose that it is incorrect (Ross & Irvine, 1967). http://www.linnean-online.org/13812/
This is a Terrestrial species.
Distribution by country
Detailed distribution with sources
(as Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth)
Europe: Austria (Hariot 1889, Sarma 1986), Britain (Sarma 1986, John 2002, Whitton et al. 2003), Czech Republic and/or Slovakia (Sarma 1986), France (Hariot 1889, Sarma 1986), Germany (Hariot 1889, Sarma 1986), Ireland (Rindi & Guiry 2002, Nelsen et al. 2011), Italy (Hariot 1889), Latvia (Sarma 1986), Norway (Hariot 1889, Sarma 1986), Poland (Sarma 1986), Romania (Caraus 2002, Caraus 2012), Spain (Alvárez Cobelas & Gallardo 1986, Aboal et al. 2002), Sweden (Hariot 1889, Sarma 1986).
Caribbean Islands: Puerto Rico (Sarma 1986).
Annals of Botany, Vol. 1 XVII. On the Red Byssus (Byssus Jolithus Linn.). From the German* of the Rev. Mr. Starke. Though Linnaeus in his Flora Lapponica, and afterwards in several other writings, classes this vegetable with the Byssi pulverulenti; yet, in his Flora Lapponica, and in the Species Plantarum, he quotes as synonyms the Byssus germanica minima saxatilis aurea, violas martice odoremspirans, (Michel. Nov, Gen. Plant, p. 210. tab. 89. f. 3.) together with the Jolithus Schtuenkfeldi. But Micheli has described and figured his plant as filamentous; and Byssus Jolithus Schwenkfeldi, which is frequently met with on mountains of Germany, as also that which is found in the Ilartz, belong to the Byssi filamentosi: it is therefore rather surprising that Linnaeus, and other botanists after him, arrange the Jolithus with the B. pulverulenti. Dr. Roth in his excellent and highly instructive Flora Germanica (tom. iii. pars l. p. 564.) gives it as his opinion, that either Linnaeus, for want of a more minute examination, had overlooked the filamentous structure of his B. Jolithus, or that the moss, the specific name of which he derived from its violet smell, may be a different species from the German one and from Mieheli's plant; perhaps Lepra odorata of Wiggers. The former supposition appears improbable to me, from the following reasons: 1. The filamentous structure of our German species is * Schrader's Journ. für die Botanik. Hr. Band p. 340. - (23 Aug 2009) - M.D. Guiry
Burova, O.V., Tsarenko, P.M., Kovalenko, O.V., Mikhailyuk, T.I., Petlovany, O.A., Lilitska, G.G. & Bilous, O.P. (2011). Ulvophyceae. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 20-61. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G.
Hariot, P. (1889). Notes sur le genre Trentepohlia Maurtius. Journal de Botanique [Morot] 3: 345-350, 366-375, 378-388, 393-405, pl. VII.
Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.
John, D.M. (2002). Order Trentepohliales. In: The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 475-479. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Prescott, G.W. (1961). Algae of the western Great Lakes area With an illustrated key to the genera of desmids and freshwater diatoms. Revised edition. pp. i-xiii, 1-977. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown.
Printz, H. (1939). Vorarbeiten zu einer monographie der Trentepohliaceen. Nytt Magasin f. Naturv. 80: 10-209, 31 figs.
Rindi, F. & López-Bautista, J.M. (2008). Diversity and ecology of Trentepohliales (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta) in French Guiana. Cryptogamie, Algologie 29(1): 13-43.
SAG Cultures may be viewed at http://sagdb.uni-goettingen.de/showstrains.php?genus=Trentepohlia&species=jolithus
Cultures from the Scandinavian Culture Collection of Algae at the University of Copenhagen (SCCAP) and Protozoa may be viewed at http://www.sccap.dk/search/algaebase.asp?Genus=Trentepohlia&Species=jolithus
Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 14 March 2013 by M.D. Guiry
Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5175 times since it was created.
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)
Aboal, M., Egidos, A.I., Marín, J.P. & Asencio, A.D. (2002). Trentepohlia jolithus (L.) Wallroth 1833 (Chlorophyta, Ulvophyceae) in subaerial habitats from southeastern Spain. Algological Studies 107: 153-162.
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=34779
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2013. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 May 2013.
Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:53627