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Chara baltica (C.J.Hartmann) Bruzelius

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Streptophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Charophyta
Class Charophyceae
Order Charales
Family Characeae
Tribe Chareae
Genus Chara

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Chara baltica (C.J.Hartmann) Bruzelius
North Uist, Scotland.. 26 Jun 2016. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter at 6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara baltica (C.J.Hartmann) Bruzelius
Red-cyan anaglyph showing 3D structure, North Uist, Scotland.. 26 Jun 2016. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter at 6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara baltica (C.J.Hartmann) Bruzelius
North Uist, Scotland.. 26 Jun 2016. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter at 6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara baltica (C.J.Hartmann) Bruzelius
Red-cyan anaglyph showing 3D structure, North Uist, Scotland.. 26 Jun 2016. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter at 6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara baltica (C.J.Hartmann) Bruzelius
North Uist, Scotland.. 26 Jun 2016. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter at 6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara baltica (C.J.Hartmann) Bruzelius
Red-cyan anaglyph showing 3D structure,North Uist, Scotland.. 26 Jun 2016. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter at 6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara baltica (C.J.Hartmann) Bruzelius
North Uist, Scotland.. 26 Jun 2016. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter at 6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara baltica (C.J.Hartmann) Bruzelius
North Uist, Scotland.. 26 Jun 2016. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter at 6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara baltica (C.J.Hartmann) Bruzelius
North Uist, Scotland.. 26 Jun 2016. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter at 6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara baltica (C.J.Hartmann) Bruzelius
Red-cyan anaglyph showing 3D structure. North Uist, Scotland.. 26 Jun 2016. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter at 6cvw.freeuk.com).

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36 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Colacodasya sinicola Setchell & N.L.Gardner

Chara baltica (C.J.Hartmann) Bruzelius Red-cyan anaglyph showing 3D structure, North Uist, Scotland.
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter at 6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Chara baltica (C.J.Hartmann) Bruzelius 1824: 11, 19

Published in: Bruzelius, A. (1824). Observationes in genus Charae, quae venia ampliss. Ord. Philos. Lund, p.p. respondente Eberhard Liljevalch. pp. 1-24. Londini Gothorum: ex Officina Berlingiana.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Chara is Chara vulgaris Linnaeus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Chara hispida var. baltica C.J.Hartman

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Chara Section Chara

Origin of species name
Adjective A (Latin), pertaining to the Baltic Sea.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Chara hispida var. baltica C.J.Hartman 1820

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Chara firma C.Agardh 1824
Chara acicularis J.Wallman 1853
Chara agardhiana J.Wallman 1853
Chara baltica var. affinis H.Groves & .J.Groves 1881
Chara baltica var. rigida J.Groves & G.R.Bullock-Webster 1924
Chara hispida var. baltica (Bruzelius) R.D.Wood 1962

General environment
This is a brackish species.

Common names

(as Chara baltica (C.J.Hartmann) Bruzelius)
English: Baltic Stonewort (Stewart & Church 1992).

Swedish: Grönsträfse (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Description
The plants are up to 50 cm long, they are not encrusted and therefore green. The axis is to 0.5 -1 mm in diameter. The branchlets are 6-11 in a whorl, each with 6-9 segments. The stem cortex is diplostichous, tylacanthous. The spine cells are normally solitary, occasionally in pairs and usually shorter than the stem diameter. The stipulodes are in two regular rows. The bract cells are 5-7 and the bracteoles are longer than the oogonium. The plant is monoecious. The gametangia are conjoined at the lowest 1-3 branchlet nodes. The oogonium is up to 1.2 mm long. The oospore is black. The antheridia are up to 500-800 m in diameter. Multicellular bulbils are found in the autumn.

Habitat
Chara baltica is a brackish water species, found in salinity between 2- 10 PSU. The species is frequent in the Baltic Sea, and is elsewhere found in coastal lagoons and fiords. It grows on muddy or sandy bottom, from 0.1  4 m depth. C. baltica has both annual and perennial forms, depending on the depth of growth. The annual forms hibernate by bulbils or oospores, while the perennial forms has oospores, swollen nodes Nacktfüssige Zweige or green plants. Fertile plants are found from June to October, but the fertility is normally low. Ripe oospores can be found from July.

Type information
Brackish water locality: Sweden: Øland: Boda hamn Lectotype: Dr. Christ. Stenhammar; 1816; S (

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Detailed conservation status with sources
(as Chara baltica (C.J.Hartmann) Bruzelius)
Vulnerable: (Stewart & Church 1992)

Key references
Blume, M., Blindow, I., Dahlke, S. & Vedder, F. (2009). Oospore variation in closely related Chara taxa. Journal of Phycology Journal of Phycology(5): 995-1002.

Blümer, C. (2004). Taxonomy and nomenclature. In: Charophytes of the Baltic Sea. (Schubert, H & Blindow, I. Eds), pp. 261-284.

Bryant, J.A. & Stewart, N.F. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Order Charales. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 742-765. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cambra Sánchez, J., Álvarez Cobelas, M. & Aboal Sanjurjo, M. (1998). Lista florística y bibliográfica de los clorófitos (Chlorophyta) de la Península Ibérica, Islas Baleares e Islas Canarias. pp. 1-614. Burgos: Asociación Española de Limnología.

Corillion,R. (1953). Chara baltica Fries. Charophycee nouvelle pour le Nord-Ouest de la France. Bull. Soc. Scient. Bretagne 28: 42-44. [in French]

Garcia,A. (1993). Chara baltica Bruzelius (Charophyta) en Argentina. Candollea 48: 287-303. [in Spanish]

Hy, F., (1913). Les Characées de France. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 60 (Mémoires 26): 1-47, pls. I-III.

Moore, J.A. (1986). Charophytes of Great Britain and Ireland. B.S.B.I. Handbook No. 5. Illustrated by Margaret Tebbs. Distribution maps prepared by Dorothy Green. pp. [i-ii], 1-140, 26 figs, 17 maps. London: Botanical Society of the British Isles.

Muller, S, D., Rhazi, L. & Soulie-Märsche, I. (2017). Diversity and distribution of Characeae in the Maghreb (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia). Crytogamie Algologie 38(3): 201-251.

Schneider, S.C., Rodrigues, A., Moe, T.F. & Ballot, A. (2015). DNA barcoding the genus Chara: molecular evidence recovers fewer taxa than the classical morphological approach. Journal of Phycology 51(2): 367-380.

Schubert, H & Blindow, I. (2004). Charophytes of the Baltic Sea. . Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag Kommanditgesellschaft.

Urbaniak, J. & Combik, M. (2013). Genetic and morphological data fail to differentiate Chara intermedia from C. baltica, or C. polycantha and C. rudis from C. hispida. European Journal of Phycology 48(3): 253-259.

Urbaniak, J. & Gabka, M. (2014). Polish Charophytes. An illustrated guide to identification. pp. [1]-120. Wroclaw: Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wroclawiu.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 10 March 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5418 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Blindow, I. & Erichsen, I. (2010). Cross-fertilisation within the Chara baltica species complex. Charophytes 2(2): 59-65.
Boegle, M.G., Schneider, S.C., Melzer, A. & Schubert, H. (2010). Distinguishing Chara baltica, C. horrida and C. liljebladii- conflicting results from analysis of morphology and genetics. Charophytes 2(2): 53-58.
Corillion,R. (1953). Chara baltica Fries. Charophycee nouvelle pour le Nord-Ouest de la France. Bull. Soc. Scient. Bretagne 28: 42-44. [in French]
Garcia,A. (1993). Chara baltica Bruzelius (Charophyta) en Argentina. Candollea 48: 287-303. [in Spanish]
Urbaniak, J. & Combik, M. (2013). Genetic and morphological data fail to differentiate Chara intermedia from C. baltica, or C. polycantha and C. rudis from C. hispida. European Journal of Phycology 48(3): 253-259.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 September 2018.

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