154,151 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,057 images, 59,684 bibliographic items, 415,370 distributional records.

Ulva californica Wille

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Ulvales
Family Ulvaceae
Genus Ulva


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Ulva californica Wille
Point Loma, Cabrillo National Monument, Calfornia. 07 Sep 2018. © National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior.


Navicula placentula f. lanceolata (Grunow) Hustedt

Ulva californica Wille Point Loma, Cabrillo National Monument, Calfornia
© National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

Publication details
Ulva californica Wille in F.S.Collins, Holden & Setchell 1899: no. 611

Published in: Collins, F.S., Holden, I. & Setchell, W.A. (1899). Phycotheca boreali-americana. A collection of dried specimens of the algae of North America. Vol. Fasc. XII-XIII, Nos. 551-650. Malden, Massachusetts.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Ulva is Ulva lactuca Linnaeus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective A (Latin), pertaining to California (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Ulva angusta Setchell & N.L.Gardner 1920
Ulva scagelii Chihara 1969

Distributional notes
Cormaci, Furnari & Alongi (2014: 151): "This species, hardly distinguishable from the widespread U. linza (Maggs et al. in Brodie et al., 2007: 83), was first recorded from the Mediterranean Sea by Wolf et al. (2012) on the basis of molecular analysis carried out on some specimens collected at the Lagoon of Venice (Adriatic Sea)." See also Verlaque et al. (2015: 283), who suggest transportation via shellfish imported for farming from the North Pacific. - (2 Jul 2015) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: La Jolla, California (Collins, Holden & Setchell 1899: no. 611). Lectotype: US 57108 (Tanner 1986

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Ulva californica Wille)
Europe: Britain (Hayden & Waaland 2004, Brodie et al. 2007, Brodie et al. 2016), Ireland (Guiry 2012 ), Italy (Wolf et al. 2012).

North America: Alaska (AK) (Scagel et al. 1989), British Columbia (Scagel et al. 1989, Hayden & Waaland 2004, Saunders & Kucera 2010), California (CA) (Scagel et al. 1989, Stewart 1991, Hayden & Waaland 2004, Miller 2012, Miller 2012, Augyte & Shaughnessy 2014 ), Oregon (OR) (Hansen 1997, Hayden & Waaland 2004), Washington (WA) (Scagel et al. 1989, Hayden & Waaland 2004, O?Kelly, Bellows & Wysor 2004).

Central America: Baja California (Norris 2010), Mexico (Pacific) (Pedroche et al. 2005).

South America: Argentina (Boraso de Zaixso 2004, Boraso & Zaixso 2011, Boraso de Zaixso 2013).

Africa: Senegal (John et al. 2004).

South-west Asia: (Sohrabipour & Rabiei 2007), Arabian Gulf (John & Al-Thani 2014), Iran (Sohrabi Pour & Rabii 1996, Sohrabi pour, J. & Rabii, R., 1996, Sohrabipour & Rabii 1999).

Asia: Japan (Yoshida & Yoshinaga 2010, Ogawa et al. 2013 , Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015), Korea (Bae 2010).

Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Heesch et al. 2009 , Broady et al. 2012), Victoria (Kirkendale et al. 2013).

(as Ulva angusta Setchell & N.L.Gardner)
North America: California (CA) (Abbott & Hollenberg 1976, Silva 1979), Gulf of California (Dawson 1944), Isla Guadalupe (Setchell & Gardner 1930), Oregon (OR) (Silva 1979).

Asia: Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Shao 2003-2014, Anon. 2012).

Antarctic and the subantarctic islands: Antarctica/Subantarctic Islands (Papenfuss 1964), Macquarie Island (Ricker 1987).

Key references
Bae, H.B. (2010). Ulotrichales, Ulvales. In: Algal flora of Korea. Volume 1, Number 1. Chlorophyta: Ulvophyceae: Ulotrichales, Ulvales, Cladophorales, Bryopsidales. Marine green algae. (Bae, E.H., Kim, H.-S., Kwon, C.-J., Hwang, I.-K., Kiim, G.H. & Klochkova, T.A. Eds), pp. 7-52. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Brodie, J., Maggs, C.A. & John, D.M. (2007). Green seaweeds of Britain and Ireland. pp. [i-v], vi-xii, 1-242, 101 figs. London: British Phycological Society.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Hayden, H.S. & Waaland, J.R. (2004). A molecular systematic study of Ulva (Ulvaceae, Ulvales) from the northeast Pacific. Phycologia 43: 364-382.

Heesch, S., Broom, J.E.S., Neill, K.F., Farr, T.J., Dalen, J.L. & Nelson, W.A. (2009). Ulva, Umbraulva and Gemina: genetic survey of New Zealand taxa reveals diversity and introduced species. European Journal of Phycology 44(2): 143-154, 2 figs, 4 tables.

Hiraoka, M., Ichihara, K., Zhu, W., Shimada, S., Oka, N., Cui, J., Tsubaki, S. & He, P. (2017). Examination of species delimitation of ambiguous DNA-based Ulva (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta) clades by culturing and hybridisation. Phycologia 56(5): 517-532.

Kirkendale, L., Saunders, G.W. & Winberg, P. (2013). A molecular survey of Ulva (Chlorophyta) in temperate Australia reveals enhanced levels of cosmopolitanism. Journal of Phycology 49(1): 69-81.

Loughnane, C.J., McIvor, L.M., Rindi, F., Stengel, D.B. & Guiry, M.D. (2008). Morphology, rbcL phylogeny and distribution of distromatic Ulva (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta) in Ireland and southern Britain. Phycologia 47: 416-429.

Norris, J.N. (2010). Marine algae of the Northern Gulf of California: Chlorophyta and Phaeophyceae. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 94: i-x, 1-276.

Ogawa, T., Ohki, K. & Kamiya, M. (2013). Differences of spatial distribution and seasonal succession among Ulva species (Ulvophyceae) across salinity gradients. Phycolgia 52(6): 637-651.

Pedroche, F.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar-Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar-Rosas, R. (2005). Catálogo de las algas marinas bentónicas del Pacífico de México. I. Chlorophycota. pp. i-viii, 17-146. Ensenada, México: Universidad Autónoma de Baja California.

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photograph and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Wolf, M.A., Sciuto, K., Andreoli, C. & Moro, I. (2012). Ulva (Chlorophyta, Ulvales) biodiversity in the North Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean, Italy): cryptic species and new introductions. Journal of Phycology 48(6): 1510-1521.

Created: 04 March 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 October 2017 by Wendy Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4586 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Tanner, C.E. (1986). Investigations of the taxonomy and morphological variation of Ulva (Chlorophyta): Ulva californica Wille. Phycologia 25: 510-520.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 16 January 2019.

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