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Gelidium crinale (Hare ex Turner) Gaillon

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gelidiales
Family Gelidiaceae
Genus Gelidium

Pictures

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Gelidium crinale (Hare ex Turner) Gaillon
Cape Peron, Western Australia; scale - 1 mm. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Gelidium crinale (Hare ex Turner) Gaillon
White Point, Cork Harbour, Ireland; shelly sand. 12 Dec 2016. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Gelidium crinale (Hare ex Turner) Gaillon
Gelidium crinale, lower intertidal with Rhodothamniella floridula, South of Portugal, 2010, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Igancio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gelidium crinale (Hare ex Turner) Gaillon
Spain. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gelidium crinale (Hare ex Turner) Gaillon
microscope, Marseille, France, 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gelidium crinale (Hare ex Turner) Gaillon
microscope, Marseille, France, 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gelidium crinale (Hare ex Turner) Gaillon
North of Spain, 2010. 08 Nov 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gelidium crinale (Hare ex Turner) Gaillon
North of Spain, 2010. 08 Nov 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gelidium crinale (Hare ex Turner) Gaillon
North of Spain, 2010. 08 Nov 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gelidium crinale (Hare ex Turner) Gaillon
North of Spain, 2010. 08 Nov 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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Staurodesmus glaber (Ralfs) Teiling

Gelidium crinale (Hare ex Turner) Gaillon White Point, Cork Harbour, Ireland; shelly sand
© M.D. Guiry

Publication details
Gelidium crinale (Hare ex Turner) Gaillon 1828: 362

Published in: Gaillon, B. (1828). Résumé méthodique des classifications des Thalassiophytes. Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles [Levrault] 53: 350-406, Tables 1-3.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Gelidium is Gelidium corneum (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus crinalis Hare ex Turner

Type information
Lectotype locality: Ilfracombe, Devonshire, England (Dixon & Irvine 1977: 140). Lectotype (provisional): R. Hare; BM ex K (Dixon & Irvine 1977: 140). Notes: Dawson (1953: 64) notes holotype is not designated but may be considered to be a specimen without locality data from the Turner Herbarium, now in Kew, England. It is annotated "This is Turner's idea of G. crinale and may be taken as the type. f. W.A.S." An isotype fragment of this specimen is on sheet 55234 in HAHF. Silva et al. (1996: 137) note that Fucus crinalis was lectotypified by Dawson (1953: 64), who, however cited "Rocks at Kilmouth, Cornwall, England" as the provenance of the lectotype specimen and that the error was corrected by Dixon & L. Irvine (1977a: 140).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), of the hair (Smith & Lockwood 1933).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Capillaria crinalis (Hare ex Turner) Stackhouse 1816
Fucus crinalis Hare ex Turner 1819
Gelidium corneum var. crinale (Turner) Greville 1830
Acrocarpus crinalis (Turner) Kützing 1843

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Acrocarpus spinescens Kützing 1843
Gelidium spinescens (Kützing) Trevisan 1845

Nomenclatural notes
According to Papenfuss, the name Gelidium corneum has been misapplied to this species by Delf & Michell (1921: 104)(Cape Morgan record).

For more information on nomenclature, Guiry (1997) suggests consulting Silva, Basson & Moe (1996). Lawson & John (1987) cite this species as Gelidium crinale (Turner) Desmaziéres, 1827.

Silva et al. (1996: 137) note that the combining author of the binomial Gelidium crinale is usually considered to be Lamouroux 1825: 191 (e.g. Womersley & Guiry,1994: 133) who, however, gave no clue as to the basionym. - (31 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

Taxonomic notes
Lipkin & Silva (2002: 9, 10) note that Gelidium crinale and G. pusillum are traditionally recognized as two distinct species (Feldmann & Hamel 1936: 107). They were merged by Dixon & Irvine (1977: 126), based on sequential field observations of marked plants in Britain and more detailed understanding of growth and behaviour. Lipkin & Silva (2002), while having no reason to doubt the validity of this conclusion, note that specimens of 'G. crinale' from the Red Sea and many other parts of the world (Indian Ocean, see Silva et al. 1996: 137) are not conspecific with G. pusillum and they follow traditional, albeit faulty, species concepts in dealing with Red Sea specimens. Womersley & Guiry(1994: 133) note that the type of G. crinale and Australian specimens appear to be distinct from the type of G. pusillum - (31 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
Widespread in warm and temperate waters; on Digenea simplex (Lipkin & Silva 2002). Forms dense turfs where covered by frequent wave-wash or in pools, on coasts of moderate to strong wave action and often subject to sandy conditions (Womersley & Guiry 1994: 133). Sand-covered rocks; especially common in mid intertidal, in sites from sheltered to highly wave-exposed. (Diaz-Tapia, 2014). - (28 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Habitat
Forms dense turfs where covered by frequent wave-wash or in pools, on coasts of moderate to strong wave action and often subject to sandy conditions (Womersley & Guiry 1994: 133).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Boo, S.M. & Ko, Y.D. (2012). Marine plants from Korea. pp. [1] 5-233, many col. photographs. Seoul: Marine & Extreme Genome Research Centre Program. [in Korean]

Croce, M.E. & Parodi, E.R. (2013). The turf-forming alga Gelidium crinale (Florideophyceae, Rhodophyta) on Atlantic Patagonian coasts. Botanica Marina 56(2): 131-141.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Diaz-Tapia, P. & Bárbara, I. (2014). Seaweeds from sand-covered rocks of the Atlantic Iberian Peninsula. Part 2. Palmariales, Ceramiales (excluding Rhodomelaceae), Gelidiales, Gigartinales, Plocamiales, Rhodymeniales and Scytothamniales. Cryptogamie Algologie 35(2): 157-199.

Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M. (1977). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 1. Introduction, Nemaliales, Gigartinales. pp. [i]-xi, [1]-252, 90 figs. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M. (1977). Miscellaneous notes on algal taxonomy and nomenclature. IV. Botaniska Notiser 120: 137-141.

Feldmann, J. & Hamel, G. (1934). Observations sur quelques Gélidiacées. Revue Générale de Botanique 46: 528-549, 11 figs.

Iha, C., Milstein, D., Guimaraes, S.M.P.B., Freshwater, D.W. & Oliveira, M.C. (2015). DNA barcoding reveals high diversity in the Gelidiales of the Brazilian southeast coast. Botanica Marina 58(4): 295-305.

Lee, H.-B. & Kim, J.-I. (1995). Notes on gelidiales species from Korea. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.5, pp. 161-174. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Lee, H.B. (1994). Some species of Gelidium (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from Korea. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I. Eds) Vol.4, pp. 67-79.

Lipkin, Y. & Silva, P.C. (2002). Marine algae and seagrasses of the Dahlak Archipelago, southern Red Sea. Nova Hedwigia 75(1-2): 1-90, 7 figs.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Perrone, C., Felicini, G.P. & Bottalico, A. (2006). The prostrate system of the Gelidiales: diagnostic and taxonomic importance. Botanica Marina 49: 23-33.

Rodríguez, D. & Santelices, B. (1988). Separation of Gelidium and Pterocladia on vegetative characters. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds With reference to some Pacific and Caribbean Species Vol. II. (Abbott, I.A. Eds), pp. 115-125. La Jolla: Sea Grant College Program, University of California.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Santelices, B. & Stewart, J.G. (1985). Pacific species of Gelidium Lamouroux and other Gelidiales (Rhodophyta), with keys and descriptions to the common or economically important species. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweds With Refernce to some Paicific and Caribbean Species. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds), pp. 17-31. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College Program.

Santelices, B. (1988). Taxonomic studies on Chinese Gelidiales (Rhodophyta). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.2, pp. 91-107.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Weber-van Bosse, A. (1913). Marine algae. Rhodophyceae, of the "Sealark" Expedition, collected by Mr. J. Stanley Gardiner, M.A.. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Second Series, Botany 8: 105-142, 1 fig, pls 12-14.

Womersley, H.B.S. & Guiry, M.D. (1994). Order Gelidiales Kylin 1923: 132. In: The marine benthic flora of southern Australia. Part IIIA. Bangiophyceae and Florideophyceae (Acrochaetiales, Nemaliales, Gelidiales, Hildenbrandiales and Gigartinales sensu lato). (Womersley, H.B.S. Eds), pp. 118-142. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2004). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. III Gelidiales Cryptonemiales Hildenbrandiales. pp. [i]-xxi, 1-203, pls I-XIII. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese]

Xia, B.M., Tseng, C.K. & Wang, Y.Q. (2002). Synopsis of the Chinese species of Gelidium (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. Vol. VIII. (Abbott, I.A. & Mcdermid, K.J. Eds) Vol.8, pp. 183-205. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College.

Zhang, J.F. & Xia, E. (1988). Chinese species of Gelidium Lamouroux and other Gelidiales (Rhodophyta) with key, list and distribution of common species.. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.2, pp. 109-113. California Sea Grant College Program.

Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel zelenikh, burikh i krasnich odoroslei juzhnikh morei SSSR [Guide to the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of USSR]. pp. 1-398. Moscow, Leningrad: Academia Nauk. [in Russian]

Created: 16 April 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 02 August 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 10455 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Croce, M.E. & Parodi, E.R. (2013). The turf-forming alga Gelidium crinale (Florideophyceae, Rhodophyta) on Atlantic Patagonian coasts. Botanica Marina 56(2): 131-141.
Echegaray, J. & Seoane-Camba, J.A. (1982). Estudio comparativo sobre la variación morfológica y fisiológica de Gelidium crinale y G. spathulatum, colectados en el Mediterráneo Catalán. Collectanea Botanica 13(2): 803-816.
Freshwater, D.W., Thomas, D.T. & Bailey, J.C. (2002). Research note: Characterization of a cDNA encoding glutamine synthetase II from Gelidium crinale (Rhodophyta). Phycological Research 50(1): 17-22.
Kim, K.M. & Boo, S.M. (2012). Phylogenetic relationships and distribution of Gelidium crinale and G.pusillum (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) using coxl and rbcl sequences. Algae 27: 83-94.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 July 2019.

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