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Phymatolithon laevigatum (Foslie) Foslie

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Corallinophycidae
Order Corallinales
Family Lithothamniaceae
Tribe Phymatolitheae
Genus Phymatolithon

Pictures

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Phymatolithon laevigatum (Foslie) Foslie
Near the sill at the Dorn, Ardkeen, Co. Down. Rock pool of the low littoral, low Fucus serratus zone. J5956. Ulster Museum: F4053a. Coll. O.Morton, conf. Y.M.Chamberlain. 13 Oct 1983. Bernard Picton. © Bernard Picton (Bernard.Picton@magni.org.uk).

 

Phymatolithon laevigatum (Foslie) Foslie Near the sill at the Dorn, Ardkeen, Co. Down. Rock pool of the low littoral, low Fucus serratus zone. J5956. Ulster Museum: F4053a. Coll. O.Morton, conf. Y.M.Chamberlain
© Bernard Picton (Bernard.Picton@magni.org.uk)

Publication details
Phymatolithon laevigatum (Foslie) Foslie 1898: 8

Published in: Foslie, M. (1898). List of species of the Lithothamnia. Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter 1898(3): 1-11.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Phymatolithon is Phymatolithon polymorphum Foslie.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Lithothamnion laevigatum Foslie

Type information
Type locality: Helgoland, Germany (Irvine & Chamberlain 1994: 215). Lectotype: P. Kuckuck; date not indicated; no habitat data on type. TRH C25-3749; designated by Adey in Adey & lebednik, 1967: 91 (Woelkerling et al. 2005: 519). Notes: Paratypes: PC, Thuret-Bornet Herbarium (algal fascicle 132, filed under Phymatolithon); PC, unnumbered, General Herbarium box collection (non-fossil; filed in non-geniculate coralline type collections cabinet under basionym).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), smooth and polished (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Lithothamnion laevigatum Foslie 1895

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Lithothamnion emboloides Heydrich 1900

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Lithothamnion laevigatum Foslie)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931), Ireland (Anonymous 1898, Anonymous 1898, Cotton 1912, Newton 1931).

(as Phymatolithon laevigatum (Foslie) Foslie)
Arctic: Canada (Arctic) (Lee 1980).

Europe: Baltic Sea (Nielsen et al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Britain (Irvine & Chamberlain 1994, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie et al. 2016), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982, Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001), France (Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996, Peña et al. 2015), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (De Valéra et al. 1979, Irvine & Chamberlain 1994, Morton 1994, Guiry 2012), Norway (Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001), Portugal (Peña et al. 2015 ), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Spain (Peña et al. 2015 ), Sweden (Kylin 1907).

Atlantic Islands: Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972).

North America: Connecticut (CT) (Schneider, Suyemoto & Yarish 1979), Maine (MA) (Mathieson et al. 2001), Massachusetts (MA) (Nash & Adey 2017 ), New Hampshire (HN) (Mathieson & Hehre 1986), Newfoundland (Nash & Adey 2017 ).

Key references

Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Woelkerling, W.J., Gustavsen, G., Myklebost, H.E., Prestø, T., Såstad, S.M. (2005). The coralline red algal herbarium of Mikael Foslie: revised catalogue with analyses. Gunneria 77: 1-625.

Created: 17 April 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 31 October 2018 by Paul Gabrielson

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1967 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Paul Gabrielson in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 November 2018.

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