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Coccotylus truncatus (Pallas) M.J.Wynne & J.N.Heine

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Phyllophoraceae
Genus Coccotylus


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Coccotylus truncatus (Pallas) M.J.Wynne & J.N.Heine
Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada. Colin Bates (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca). © Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca).


Coccotylus truncatus (Pallas) M.J.Wynne & J.N.Heine Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada
© Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca)

Publication details
Coccotylus truncatus (Pallas) M.J.Wynne & J.N.Heine 1992: 75

Published in: Wynne, M.J. & Heine, J.N. (1992). Collections of marine red algae from St. Matthew and St. Lawrence Islands, the Bering Sea. Nova Hedwigia 55: 55-97.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Coccotylus is Coccotylus brodiei (Turner) Kützing.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Fucus truncatus Pallas

Type information
Type locality: "Eismeer", Eastern Siberia (Silva 1996-to date). Lectotype: LE (Le Gall & Saunders 2010: 382). Notes: Dixon & Irvine (1977: 227) cite "lectotype: LE" Arctic Seas but do not indicate who it was designated the lectotype. Le Gall & Saunders (2010: 382) designate as lectotype, a specimen labeled "truncatus" in what must be Pallas's hand (shown in a copy of photographs of Pallas's collection). Le Gall & Saunders (2010: 382) write "Although Newroth (1970, p. 30; see also Newroth and Taylor 1971) did not view the type collection at the time he wrote his PhD dissertation, he relays correspondence with Zinova in which a specimen with Pallas’s handwriting is discussed and presumably provides the basis for figure 1 in her own work (Zinova 1970, the figure caption in Russian indicating essentially ‘‘Typical form’’) in which the new combination Phyllophora truncata (Pall.) Zinova is presented. Subsequently, Newroth received two photographs of Pallas’s collection and kindly provided us with a copy, which shows a specimen labeled ‘‘truncatus’’ in what must be Pallas’s hand that we designate as the lectotype of C. truncatus."

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), truncate, i.e., ending very abruptly as if cut straing across (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus truncatus Pallas 1776
Phyllophora truncata (Pallas) A.D.Zinova 1970

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Phyllophora brodiei var. angustissima C.Agardh
Coccotylus brodiei var. ligulatus Kützing
Coccotylus brodiei var. angustissimus Kützing
Coccotylus brodiaei var. concatenatus Kützing
Coccotylus brodiei var. cuneifolius R.Wollny
Sphaerococcus brodiei var. concatenatus Lyngbye 1819
Sphaerococcus membranifolius var. concatenatus (C.Agardh) Wahlenberg 1826
Sphaerococcus interruptus Greville 1829
Chaetophora subcutanea Lyngbye ex Hornemann 1834
Chondrus truncatus Postels & Ruprecht 1840
Actinococcus roseus Suhr ex Kützing 1843
Agarum brodiei (Turner) Trevisan 1845
Phyllophora brodiei var. concatenata (C.Agardh) Areschoug 1847
Phyllophora interrupta (Greville) J.Agardh 1863
Phyllophora brodiei f. baltica Areschoug ex Gobi 1877
Phyllophora brodiei var. baltica (Areschoug ex Gobi) Hauck 1883
Phyllophora brodiei var. elongata Hauck 1883
Actinococcus subcutaneus (Lyngbye ex Hornemann) Rosenvinge 1893
Phyllophora brodiei f. interrupta (Greville) Rosenvinge 1893
Phyllophora brodiei subsp. interrupta (Greville) Rosenvinge 1893
Phyllophora parvula Darbishire 1896
Phyllophora brodiei f. elongata (Hauck) Svedelius 1901

Taxonomic notes
Guiry (1997) suggests consulting Wynne & Heine (1992) regarding the synonymy between Phyllophora truncata and Coccotylus truncata.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Coccotylus truncatus (Pallas) M.J.Wynne & J.N.Heine)
Swedish: Kilrödblad (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Phyllophora brodiei var. angustissima C.Agardh)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931).

(as Phyllophora brodiei var. concatenata (C.Agardh) Areschoug)
Europe: Sweden (Kylin 1944).

(as Actinococcus subcutaneus (Lyngbye ex Hornemann) Rosenvinge)
Europe: Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982), Ireland (Adams 1907, Adams 1908, Cotton 1912), Sweden (Kylin 1907).

(as Phyllophora brodiei f. interrupta (Greville) Rosenvinge)
Europe: Sweden (Kylin 1944).

Atlantic Islands: E. Greenland (Lund 1959).

(as Phyllophora truncata (Pallas) A.D.Zinova)
Arctic: Alaska (Arctic) (Mathieson & Hehre 1986), Canada (Arctic) (Lee 1980), Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Gulliksen et al. 1999).

Europe: Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982), France (Dizerbo & Herpe 2007 ), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996), Ireland (Guiry 1978, Whelan & Cullinane 1985), Romania (Caraus 2002, Caraus 2012), Spitsbergen (Vinogradova 1995).

Atlantic Islands: E. Greenland (Pedersen 1976), Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972).

North America: Alaska (AK) (Lindstrom 1977, Scagel et al. 1989), Connecticut (CT) (Schneider, Suyemoto & Yarish 1979), New Hampshire (HN) (Mathieson & Hehre 1986).

(as Coccotylus truncatus (Pallas) M.J.Wynne & J.N.Heine)
Arctic: Barents Sea (Malavenda 2018, Malavenda 2018), Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Gulliksen et al. 1999, Hop et al. 2012 , Fredriksen et al. 2014), White Sea (Smirnova & Mikhailova 2013, Garbary & Tarakhovskaya 2013, Mikhaylova 2017).

Europe: Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Baltic Sea (Nielsen et al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Black Sea (Milchakova 2011), Britain (Hardy & Guiry 2003, Bunker et al. 2017), Bulgaria (Temniskova, Stoyneva & Kirjakov 2008), Denmark (Larsen & Sand-Jensen 2006, Lundsteen & Nielsen 2015), Faroe Islands (Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001), France (Anon. 2017), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (Morton 1994, Guiry 2012, Bunker et al. 2017), Norway (Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001, Husa, Steem & Sjøtun 2014), Romania (Caraus 2012, Caraus 2017), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Spain (Conde et al. 1996, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016), Sweden (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003), Turkey (Europe) (Taskin et al. 2008 ).

Atlantic Islands: Azores (Neto 1994), Greenland (Pedersen 2011).

North America: Alaska (AK) (Wynne & Heine 1992), Baffin Island (Küpper et al. 2016), Maine (ME) (Mathieson et al. 2001), Manitoba (Saunders & McDevit 2013), New Brunswick (Bates et al. 2005), Prince Edward Island (Le Gall & Saunders 2010).

South-west Asia: Turkey (Asia) (Taskin et al. 2008 ).

Asia: Russia (Far East) (Perestenko 1994, Selivanova 2002).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Klochkova, N.G., Korolyova, T.N. & Kusidi, A.E. (2009). [Atlas of marine algae of Kamchatka and surrounding areas. Vol. 2. Red seaweeds]. pp. 1-301. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: KamchatNIRO Press. [in Russian]

Le Gall, L. & Saunders, G.W. (2010). DNA barcoding is a powerful tool to uncover algal diversity: a case study of the Phyllophoraceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) in the Canadian flora. Journal of Phycology 46(2): 374-389.

Lundsteen, S. & Nielsen, R. (2015). Coccotylus brodiei, C. truncatus and other Phyllophoraceae (Rhodophyta) in Danish waters. Forum om Marin Bundfauna og –Flora 2: 1-20.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Pedersen, P.M. (2011). Grønlands havalger. pp. [1] 7-208. Copenhagen: Forlaget Epsilon.DK.

Created: 13 May 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 02 August 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5547 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Lundsteen, S. & Nielsen, R. (2015). Coccotylus brodiei, C. truncatus and other Phyllophoraceae (Rhodophyta) in Danish waters. Forum om Marin Bundfauna og –Flora 2: 1-20.
Martin, G., Paalme, T. & Kukk, H. (1996). Long-term dynamics of the commercially usable Furcellaria lumbricalis-Coccotylus truncatus community in Kassari Bay, west Estonian archipelago, the Baltic Sea. pp. 121-129. Gdynia, Poland: Baltic Coastal Fisheries Resource Management.
Tuvikene, R., Truus, K., Robal, M., Pehk, T., Kailas, T., Vaher, M. & Paalme, T. (2009). Structure and thermal stability of pyruvated carrageenans from the red alga Coccotylus truncatus. Carbohydrate Research 344: 788-794.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 April 2019.

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