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Dinophysis caudata W.S.Kent

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Dinophysiales
Family Dinophysaceae
Genus Dinophysis

Pictures

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Dinophysis caudata W.S.Kent
04 Feb 2011. John Dolan (dolan@obs-vlfr.fr). © John Dolan (dolan@obs-vlfr.fr).

Dinophysis caudata W.S.Kent
A pair of cells.. © Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie).

 

Chaetangium fastigiatum (Bory) J.Agardh

Dinophysis caudata W.S.Kent
© John Dolan (dolan@obs-vlfr.fr)

Publication details
Dinophysis caudata W.S.Kent 1881: 455, 460, no fig.

Published in: Saville Kent, W. [Kent, W.S.] (1881). A manual of the infusoria, including a description of all known flagellate, ciliate, and tentaculiferous protozoa, British and foreign and an account of the organization and affinities of the sponges. Vol. I pp. 289-720. London: David Bogue.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Dinophysis is Dinophysis acuta Ehrenberg.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective A (Latin), caudate, i.e., ending with a tail-like appendage (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Dinophysis homuncula F.Stein 1883
Dinophysis diegensis Kofoid 1907

Usage notes
Faust & Gulledge (2002: 27) notes this species is known to produce red tides resulting in fish mortality. The toxicity needs to be examined further. Please consult original reference for further details. Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017).

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: Adriatic Sea: near Fano (coll. Castracane) (Silva 1996-to date). Holotype: (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 27).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Dodge, J.D. (1985). Atlas of dinoflagellates. A scanning electron microscope survey. pp. [i]-vii, [1]-119. Farrand Press.

Faust, M.A. & Gulledge, R.A. (2002). Identifying harmful marine dinoflagellates. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 42: 1-144.

Gómez, F., López-García, P. & Moreira, D. (2011). Molecular phylogeny of dinophysoid dinoflagellates: the systematic position of Oxyphysis oxytoxoides and the Dinophysis hastata group (Dinophysales, Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 47(2): 393-406.

Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.

Handy, S.M., Bachvaroff, T.R., Timme, R.E., Coats, D.W., Kim, S. & Delwiche, C.F. (2009). Phylogeny of four dinophysiacean genera (Dinophyceae, Dinophysiales) based on rDNA sequences from single cells and environmental samples. Journal of Phycology 45(5): 1163-1174.

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). Ed by P.M.Tsarenko. pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Larsen, J. & Nguyen-Ngoc, L. [eds.] (2004). Potentially toxic microalgae of Vietnamese waters. Opera Botanica 140: 5-216.

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Schiller, J. (1931). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Dr. L. Rabenhosrst's Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 2. Aufl. 10. Bd 3. Abt. 1 Teil. (Kolkwitz, R. Eds), pp. 1-256. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Taylor, F.J.R. (1976). Dinoflagellates from the International Indian Ocean Expedition: A report on material collected by the R.V. "Anton Bruun". Bibliotheca Botanica 132: 1-234, 46 pls, 5 charts, 5 tables.

Created: 07 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 31 August 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5303 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Balech, E. (1951). Sobre dos variedades de Dinophysis caudata Kent. Comunic. Zool. Mus. Hist. Nat. Montevideo 3(60): 1-9, 4 pls.
Hewes, C.D., Mitchell, B.G., Moisan, T.A., Vernet, M. & Reid, F.M.H. (1998). The phycobilin signatures of chloroplasts from three dinoflagellate species: a microanalytical study of Dinophysis caudata, D. fortii and D. acuminata (Dinophysiales, Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 34: 945-951, 3 figs.
Kim, M., Nam, S.W., Shin, W., Coats, D.W. & Park, M.G. (2012). Dinophysis caudata (Dinophyceae) sequesters and retains plastids from the mixotrophic ciliate prey Mesodinium rubrum. Journal of Phycology 48(3): 569-579.
Park, M.G., Kim, M., Kim, S. & Yih, W. (2010). Does Dinophysis caudata (Dinophyceae) have permanent plastids?. Journal of Phycology 46(2): 236-242.
Park, M.G., Park, J.S., Kim, M. & Yih, W. (2008). Plastid dynamics during survival of Dinophysis caudata without its ciliate prey. Journal of Phycology 44: 1154-1163.
Reguera, B., González-Gil, S. & Delgado, M. (2007). Dinophysis diegensis is a life history stage of Dinophysis caudata (Dinophyceae, Dinophysiales). Journal of Phycology 43(5): 1083-1093.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 July 2019.

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