155,542 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,916 images, 60,163 bibliographic items, 438,693 distributional records.

Amphidinium klebsii Kofoid & Swezy

Publication details
Amphidinium klebsii Kofoid & Swezy 1921: 144, fig. U: 14 (as 'klebsi' )

Published in: Kofoid, C.A. & Swezy, O. (1921). The free-living unarmored Dinoflagellata. Memoirs of the University of California 5: i-viii, 1-562.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Amphidinium is Amphidinium operculatum Claparède & Lachmann.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Taxonomic notes
"Given the lack of defining characters unique to A. klebsii and the erroneously positioned, according to Kofoid and Swezy (1921), transverse flagellum in the original description, Klebs (1884), it is recommended to formally eliminate A. klebsii as an accepted taxonomic unit." (Karafas et al. 2017: 149). - (17 May 2018) - M.D. Guiry

Habitat notes
Symbiont of Amphiscolops langerhansi (Banaszak et al. 1993: table 1). - (22 May 2012) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a brackish species.

Type information
Type locality: Bay of Naples, early spring months (Kofoid & Swezy 1921: 144). Notes: No type appears to have been designated.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Carty, S. (2014). Freshwater dinoflagellates of North America. pp. [i]-viii, [2], [1]-260, 153 figs. Ithaca & London: Comstock Publishing Associates. A division of Cornell University Press.

Daugbjerg, N., Hansen, G., Larsen, J. & Moestrup, Ø. (2000). Phylogeny of some of the major genera of dinoflagellates based on ultrastructure and partial LSU rDNA sequence data, including the erection of three new genera of unarmoured dinoflagellates. Phycologia 39: 302-317.

Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.

Karafas, S., Teng, S.T., Leaw, C.P. & Alves-de-Souza, C. (2017). An evaluation of the genus Amphidinium (Dinophyceae) combining evidence from morphology, phylogenetics, and toxin production, with the introduction of six novel species. Harmful Algae 68: 128-151, 16 figs.

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). Ed by P.M.Tsarenko. pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Murray, S., Flo Jorgensen, M., Daugbjerg, N. & Rhodes, L. (2004). Amphidinium revisited. II. Resolving species boundaries in the Amphidinium operculatum species complex (Dinophyceae), including the descriptions of Amphidinium trulla sp. nov. and Amphidinium gibbosum. comb. nov.. Journal of Phycology 40: 366-382.

Schiller, J. (1932). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Dr. L. Rabenhosrst's Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 2. Aufl. 10. Bd 3. Abt. 1 Teil. (Kolkwitz, R. Eds), pp. 257-432. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Toepel, J., Langner, U. & Wilhelm, C. (2005). Combination of flow cytometry and single cell absorption spectroscopy to study the phytoplankton structure and to calculate the chl a specific absorption coefficients at the taxon level. Journal of Phycology 41(6): 1099-1109.

Created: 12 August 2002 by Olivia Fitzgerald

Verified by: 30 August 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 852 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Barlow, S.B. & Triemer, R.E. (1988). Alternate life history stages in Amphidinium klebsii (Dinophyceae, Pyrrophyta). Phycologia 27: 413-420, 15 figs.
Mandelli, E.F. (1969). Carotenoid interconversion in light-dark cultures of the dinoflagellate Amphidinium klebsii. Journal of Phycology 5: 382-384, 2 tables.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=54291

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 June 2019.

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