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Lithophyllum congestum (Foslie) Foslie

Publication details
Lithophyllum congestum (Foslie) Foslie 1900: 20

Published in: Foslie, M. (1900). Revised systematical survey of the Melobesieae. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter 1900(5): 1-22.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Lithophyllum is Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Lithophyllum kaiseri (Heydrich) Heydrich

Goniolithon congestum Foslie

Type information
Type locality: St Barthélemy, West Indies (Woelkerling et al. 2005: 188). Holotype: Goes; 1867; TRH A23-1381, includes slides 435 and 436 (Woelkerling et al. 2005: 188). Notes: Isotype: PC, unnumbered, General Herbarium box collection (non-fossil; filed in non-geniculate coralline type collections cabinet under basionym). St. Barthélemy is part of the Lesser Antilles, one of the three island groups comprising the West Indies, along with the Greater Antilles and the Bahamas.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), congested.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Lithophyllum frutescens var. congestum (Foslie) Me.Lemoine

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Goniolithon platyphyllum Foslie 1899
Lithophyllum platyphyllum (Foslie) Foslie 1900

Taxonomic notes
According to Tamega et al. 2014:279, Lithophyllum congestum (Foslie) Foslie is a heterotypic synonym of L. stictaeforme (J.E.Areschoug) Hauck and L. stictaeforme (J.E.Areschoug) Hauck, as the older name, has taxonomic priority. - (30 Dec 2014) - Salvador Valenzuela Miranda

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Lithophyllum congestum (Foslie) Foslie)
Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (John et al. 2004).

Caribbean Islands: Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Cuba (Suárez 2005, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014), Hispaniola (Betancourt & Herrera-Moreno, 2001), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960), Puerto Rico (Ballantine, Ruiz & Aponte 2004), Trinidad & Tobago (Duncan & Lee Lum 2006).

South America: Colombia (Díaz-Pulido & Díaz-Ruíz 2003).

(as Lithophyllum platyphyllum (Foslie) Foslie)
Caribbean Islands: Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960), Virgin Islands (US) (Hernandez-Kantun et al. 2016).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

Source of current name
Hernandez-Kantun, J.J., Gabrielson, P., Hughey, J.R., Pezzolesi, L., Rindio, F., Robinson, N.M., Peña, V., Riosmena-Rodriguez, R., Le Gall, L. & Adey, W. (2016). Reassessment of branched Lithophyllum spp. (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) in the Caribbean Sea with global implications. Phycologia 55(6): 619-639.

Key references
Ballantine, D.L., Ruiz, H. & Aponte, N.E. (2004). Notes on the benthic marine algae of Puerto Rico VIII. Additions to the flora. Botanica Marina 47: 335-340, 11 figs.

Woelkerling, W.J., Gustavsen, G., Myklebost, H.E., Prestø, T., Såstad, S.M. (2005). The coralline red algal herbarium of Mikael Foslie: revised catalogue with analyses. Gunneria 77: 1-625.

Wynne, M.J. (2005). A check-list of benthic marine algae of the tropical and subtropical western Atlantic: second revision. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 129: 1-152.

Created: 17 June 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 February 2018 by Wendy Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1307 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Steneck, R.S. & Adey, W.H. (1976). The role of environment in control of morphology in Lithophyllum congestum, a Caribbean algal ridge builder. Botanica Marina 19: 197-215.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=5454

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 April 2019.

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