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Coccolithus pelagicus (Wallich) J.Schiller

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Hacrobia
Phylum Haptophyta
Class Coccolithophyceae
Subclass Prymnesiophycidae
Order Coccolithales
Family Coccolithaceae
Genus Coccolithus

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Coccolithus pelagicus (Wallich) J.Schiller
© Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie).

 

Coccolithus pelagicus (Wallich) J.Schiller
© Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Coccolithus pelagicus (Wallich) J.Schiller 1930: 246, fig. 123, a, c, d

Published in: Schiller, J. (1930). Coccolithineae. In: Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. Bd 2. Aufl. X. Band, 2. Abt.. (Rabenhorst, L. Eds), pp. 89-267. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft .
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Coccolithus is Coccolithus oceanicus E.H.L.Schwarz.

Basionym
Coccosphaera pelagica Wallich

Type information
free-floating, Indian Ocean and North Atlantic; and (dead) in North Atlantic muds (Silva 1996-to date).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Coccolithus pelagicus (Wallich) J.Schiller)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Vilicic, Marasovic & Miokovic 2002), Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Black Sea (BSPC Editorial Board 2014, Balycleva & Ryabushko 2017), Britain (Parke & Dixon 1976), Croatia (Vilicic et al. 2009), Netherlands (Veen et al. 2015), Portugal (Moita & Vilarinho 1999), Romania (Caraus 2002, Caraus 2012, Caraus 2017), Scandinavia (Karlason et al. 2018, Karlason et al. 2018, Karlason et al. 2018), Turkey (Europe) (Balkis 2004).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Afonso-Carrillo 2014).

Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Rhodes et al. 2012).

World: World (Jordan & Green 1994).

Key references
Heimdal, B.R. (1996). Modern coccolithophorids. In: Identifying marine phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 731-834. San Diego: Academic Press.

Hovde, B.T., Deodato, C.R., Andersen, R.A., Starkenburg, S.R., Barlow, S.B. & Cattolico, R.A. (2019). Chrysochromulina: genomic assessment and taxonomic diagnosis of the type species for an oleaginous algal clade. Algal Research 37: 307-319, 7 figs.

Jordan, R.W., Cros, L. & Young, J.R. (2004). A revised classification scheme for living haptophytes. Micropaleontology 50(Suppl. 1): 55-79.

Kapustin, D.O. & Gerasimiuk, V.P. (2015 '2014'). Haptophyta. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 483-489. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Nakayama, T., Yoshida, M., Noël, M.-H., Kawachi, M. & Inouye, I. (2005). Ultrastructure and phylogenetic position of Chrysoculter rhomhoideus gen. et sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae), a new flagellate haptophyte from Japanese coastal waters. Phycologia 44: 369-383.

Trantaphyllou, M.V., Dimiza, M.D. & Dermitzakis, M. (). Syracosphaera halldalii - Calyptolithina divergens var. tuberosa life-cycle association and relevant taxonomic remarks. Micropaleontology 50: .

Created: 29 August 2002 by Olivia Fitzgerald

Verified by: 16 April 2019 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2126 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Braarud, T. (1979). The temperature range of the non-motile stage of Coccolithus pelagicus in the North Atlantic region. British Phycological Journal 14: 349-352, 2 tables.
Klaveness, D. (1973). The microanatomy of Calyptrosphaera sphaeroidea, with some supplementary observations onthe motile stage of Coccolithus pelagicus. Norwegian Journal of Botany 20: 151-162, 21 figs.
Parke, M. & Adams, I. (1960). The motile (Crystallolithus hyalinus Gaardner & Markali) and non-motile phases in the life history of Coccolithus pelagicus (Wallich) Schiller. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 39: 263-274.
Parke, M. & Dixon, P.S. 1976 (1976). The motile (Crystallolithus hyalinus Gaarder and Markali) and non-motile phases in the life history of Schiller. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 39: 263-274.
Rowson, J.D. & Leadbeater, B.S.C. (1986). Calcium carbonate deposition in the motile (Crystallolithus) phase of Coccolithus pelagicus (Prymnesiophyceae). British Phycological Journal 21: 359-370, 25 figs, 1 table.
Rowson, J.D., Leadbeater, B.S.C. & Green, J.C. (1984). Calcium carbonate deposition at various stages in the life cycle of Coccolithus pelagicus. British Phycological Journal 19: 199-200.
Rowson, J.D., Leadbeater, B.S.C. & Green, J.C. (1986). Calcium carbonate deposition in the motile (Crystallolithus) phase of Coccolithus pelagicus. British Phycological Journal 21: 359-370.
Taylor, A.R., Russell, M.A., Harper, G.M., Collins, T.T. & Brownlee, C. (2007). Dynamics of formation and secretion of heterococcoliths by Coccolithus pelagicus ssp. braarudii. European Journal of Phycology 42(2): 125-136, 23 Figs.
Uchio, T. (1974). Tertiary nannoplankton stratigraphy of Sado Island, Niigata Prefecture, and a proposal of the Braarudosphaera bigelowii - Coccolithus pelagicus zone for the Pliocene of Japanese oil fields of Japan seaside. Japan. Geol. Surv. 201: 235-54.
Wainwright, I.M., Kwon, D.-K. & Gonzalez, E. (1992). Isolation and characterization of Golgi from Coccolithus pelagicus (Prymnesiophyceae). Journal of Phycology 28: 643-648, 5 figs.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 July 2019.

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