155,597 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,916 images, 60,165 bibliographic items, 438,693 distributional records.

Mychodea acicularis (J.Agardh) Kraft

Publication details
Mychodea acicularis (J.Agardh) Kraft 1978: 555, figs 18, 19, 40 (as 'aciculare' )

Published in: Kraft, G.T. (1978). Studies of marine algae in the lesser-known families of the Gigartinales (Rhodophyta). III. The Mychodeaceae and Mychodeophyllaceae. Australian Journal of Botany 26: 515-610, 46 figs.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Mychodea is Mychodea carnosa J.D.Hooker & Harvey.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Cystoclonium aciculare J.Agardh

Type information
Type locality: "Hab. ad occidentales Novae Hollandiae oras." [New Holland: Australia] (Agardh 1849: 87). Lectotype: LD herb. alg. Agardh 33993 (Kraft & Womersley 1994: 462). Notes: "Type: Ad litus mari inundatum penins. Levevre, Dec. 16 1847, F. Mueller s.n. (lecto, here designated: MEL0044483; isolecto: MEL5163780–82)." (Kraft & Saunder 2017: 241); however, Kraft & Womersley (1994: 462) had already designated LD 33993 as lectotype and this cannot be superseded.

Origin of species name
Adjective B (Latin), acicular, i.e., narrow, stiff, pointed like a needle (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Cystoclonium aciculare J.Agardh 1849
Acanthococcus acicularis (J.Agardh) J.Agardh 1852
Mychodea muelleri Sonder 1853
Gracilaria aculeolata Areschoug 1854

General environment
This is a marine species.

Habitat
From just subtidal to 24 m deep, in moderately sheltered localities; grows on rocks, wooden pilings, and more rarely as an epiphyte or epizoic (Kraft & Womersley 1994: 464). Infested with partly endophytic hydrozoan Plumaria flexuosa.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Kraft, G.T. & Saunders, G.W. (2017). Mychodea and the Mychodeaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) revisited: molecular analyses shed light on interspecies relationships in Australia's largest endemic genus and family. Australian Systematic Botany 30: 230-258, 16 figs.

Kraft, G.T. & Womersley, H.B.S. (1994). Family Mychodeaceae Kylin 1932: 62. In: The marine benthic flora of southern Australia. Rhodophyta - Part IIIA. (Womersley, H.B.S. Eds), pp. 450-470. Canberra:

Scott, F.J. (2017). Marine plants of Tasmania. pp. [i]-viii, 1-360, numerous col. illus. Hobart: Tasmania Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.

Created: 06 May 2003 by Wendy Guiry

Verified by: 28 February 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 633 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 June 2019.

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