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Ulva procera (K.Ahlner) Hayden, Blomster, Maggs, P.C.Silva, M.J.Stanhope & J.R.Waaland

Publication details
Ulva procera (K.Ahlner) Hayden, Blomster, Maggs, P.C.Silva, M.J.Stanhope & J.R.Waaland 2003: 290

Published in: Hayden, H.S., Blomster, J., Maggs, C.A., Silva, P.C., Stanhope, M.J. & Waaland, J.R. (2003). Linnaeus was right all along: Ulva and Enteromorpha are not distinct genera. European Journal of Phycology 38(3): 277-294.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Ulva is Ulva lactuca Linnaeus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Enteromorpha procera K.Ahlner

Type information
Syntype localities: various in Sweden (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 738).

Origin of species name
Adjective A (Latin), very tall, high (Brown 1956).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Enteromorpha procera K.Ahlner 1877
Enteromorpha clathrata var. procera (Ahlner) Hauck 1884
Enteromorpha crinita f. procera (Ahlner) Sjöstedt 1927

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Enteromorpha procera f. denudata Ahlner
Enteromorpha procera var. prolifica V.J.Chapman
Enteromorpha procera f. ramulifera Ahlner 1877
Enteromorpha clathrata f. ramulifera (Ahlner) V.J.Chapman 1877
Enteromorpha clathrata f. denudata (Ahlner) Kylin 1907
Enteromorpha procera var. minuta V.J.Chapman 1940

Taxonomic notes
Kang et al. (2014) note that several Ulva spp. phylogenetic studies regard U. procera as a separate species from U. linza (Heesch et al. 2009, Saunders and Kucera 2010, Kirkendale et al. 2013). According to Brodie et al. (2007: 96), ITS sequence data have demonstrated that U. procera is conspecific with typical U. linza. - (29 Jan 2015) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
Intertidal zone (Selivanova & Zhigadlova 2009). - (10 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Enteromorpha procera K.Ahlner)
Swedish: Fingrenig tarmalg (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Enteromorpha procera K.Ahlner)
Europe: Italy (Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999).

Atlantic Islands: Madeira (Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001).

Asia: Commander Islands (Selivanova & Zhigadlova 1997), Kamchatka (Klochkova, Korolyova & Kusidi 2009), Russia (Far East) (Selivanova 2002).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Queensland (Bostock & Holland 2010).

Pacific Islands: Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003).

(as Enteromorpha procera var. minuta V.J.Chapman)
South-east Asia: Indonesia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

(as Ulva procera (K.Ahlner) Hayden, Blomster, Maggs, P.C.Silva, M.J.Stanhope & J.R.Waaland)
Europe: Finland (Hayden & Waaland 2004), Turkey (Europe) (Taskin et al. 2008 ).

Atlantic Islands: Madeira (John et al. 2004).

North America: British Columbia (Saunders & Kucera 2010), Maine (Saunders & Kucera 2010), New Brunswick (Saunders & Kucera 2010).

Africa: Ghana (John et al. 2004).

South-west Asia: Turkey (Asia) (Taskin et al. 2008 ).

Asia: Japan (Hayden & Waaland 2004), Kamchatka (Selivanova & Zhigadlova 2009).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2014).

Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Heesch et al. 2009, Broady et al. 2012), Tasmania (Kirkendale et al. 2013), Victoria (Kirkendale et al. 2013).

Key references
Burova, O.V., Tsarenko, P.M., Kovalenko, O.V., Mikhailyuk, T.I., Petlovany, O.A., Lilitska, G.G. & Bilous, O.P. (2011). Ulvophyceae. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 20-61. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G.

Heesch, S., Broom, J.E.S., Neill, K.F., Farr, T.J., Dalen, J.L. & Nelson, W.A. (2009). Ulva, Umbraulva and Gemina: genetic survey of New Zealand taxa reveals diversity and introduced species. European Journal of Phycology 44(2): 143-154, 2 figs, 4 tables.

Kirkendale, L., Saunders, G.W. & Winberg, P. (2013). A molecular survey of Ulva (Chlorophyta) in temperate Australia reveals enhanced levels of cosmopolitanism. Journal of Phycology 49(1): 69-81.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Saunders, G.W. & Kucera, H. (2010). An evaluation of rbcL, tufA, UPA, LSU and ITS as DNA barcode markers for the marine green macroalgae. Cryptogamie Algologie 31(4): 487-528.

Selivanova, O.N. & Zhigadlova, G.G. (2009). Marine benthic algae of the South Kamchatka state wildlife sanctuary (Kamchatka, Russia). Botanica Marina 52(4): 317-329.

Created: 22 October 2003 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 21 July 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2729 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 September 2018.

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