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Petalonema alatum (Borzì ex Bornet & Flahault) Correns

Classification:
Empire Prokaryota
Kingdom Eubacteria
Subkingdom Negibacteria
Phylum Cyanobacteria
Class Cyanophyceae
Subclass Nostocophycidae
Order Nostocales
Family Scytonemataceae
Genus Petalonema

Pictures

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Petalonema alatum (Borzì ex Bornet & Flahault) Correns
Surface focus on filaments. .Collected by Brian Whitton and Allan Pentecost, Boggle Hole Gorge, Yorkshire, UK. 14 Sep 2011. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Petalonema alatum (Borzì ex Bornet & Flahault) Correns
In tufa deposits, Benbulben, Ireland. Collected by Melinda Lyons. Phase contrast.. 11 Sep 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Petalonema alatum (Borzì ex Bornet & Flahault) Correns
School Knot Tarn, Cumbria, UK. 11 Oct 2017. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Petalonema alatum (Borzì ex Bornet & Flahault) Correns
Red-cyan anaglyph showing 3D structure. In tufa deposits, Benbulben, Ireland. Collected by Melinda Lyons.. 11 Sep 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Petalonema alatum (Borzì ex Bornet & Flahault) Correns
In tufa deposits, Benbulben, Ireland. Collected by Melinda Lyons. Phase contrast.. 11 Sep 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Petalonema alatum (Borzì ex Bornet & Flahault) Correns
Emerging trichome. In tufa deposits, Benbulben, Ireland. Collected by Melinda Lyons. Phase contrast.. 11 Sep 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Petalonema alatum (Borzì ex Bornet & Flahault) Correns
Apical views. In tufa deposits, Benbulben, Ireland. Collected by Melinda Lyons.. 11 Sep 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.Carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Petalonema alatum (Borzì ex Bornet & Flahault) Correns
Heterocyst. Collected by Brian Whitton and Allan Pentecost, Boggle Hole Gorge, Yorkshire, UK. 11 Sep 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.Carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Petalonema alatum (Borzì ex Bornet & Flahault) Correns
Emerging trichome.Collected by Brian Whitton and Allan Pentecost, Boggle Hole Gorge, Yorkshire, UK. 14 Sep 2011. © C.F.Carter (chris.Carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Petalonema alatum (Borzì ex Bornet & Flahault) Correns
In tufa deposits, Benbulben, Ireland. Collected by Melinda Lyons.. 11 Sep 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.Carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

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30 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Lithothamnion coulmanicum Foslie

Scytonema alatum Borzì ex Bornet & Flahault var.petalonemoides. Collected by Brian Whitton and Allan Pentecost, Boggle Hole Gorge, Yorkshire, UK.
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Petalonema alatum (Borzì ex Bornet & Flahault) Correns 1889: 321, pl. XV [15]: figs 4-21

Published in: Correns, C. (1889). Ueber Dickenwachsthum durch Intussusception bei einigen Algenmembranen. Flora (Jena) 72: 298-347, pl. XV.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Petalonema.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Scytonema alatum Borzì ex Bornet & Flahault

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), winged (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Scytonema alatum Borzì ex Bornet & Flahault 1886

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Arthrosiphon alatus Rabenhorst 1865
Oscillatoria alata Carmichael ex Gomont 1892

Nomenclatural notes
Petalonema alatum Berkeley ex Correns 1889: 321, pl. XV: figa 4-21 (INA). [see INA for more information]. - (5 Jun 2015) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
Typically grows on on dripping limestone rocks in temperate regions but has been observed also in calcareous lakes in North East Europe (Mares et al. 2015, citing various authors). - (5 Jun 2015) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater/terrestrial species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Berkeley, M.J. (1832). Gleanings of British algae; being an appendix to the supplement to English Botany. , pls 1-4. London: C.E. Sowerby.

Desikachary, T.V. (1959). Cyanophyta. pp. [i]-x, [1]-686, pls 1-139. New Delhi: Indian Council of Agricultural Research.

Komárek, J. (2013). Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Cyanoprokaryota: 3rd part: heterocystous genera. Vol. 19 pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-1130. Heidelberg: Springer Spektrum.

Maree, L., Vuuren, S.J. van, Levanets, A. & Taylor, J. (2018). First record of a cyanobacterium Petalonema alatum (Borzì ex Bornet & Flahault) Correns (Cyanobacteria, Scytonemataceae) in Africa. Check List 14(5): 827-832, 2 figs.

Mares, J., Lara, Y., Dadáková, I., Hauer, T., Uher, B., Wilmotte, A. & Kastovsky, J. (2015). Phylogenetic analysis of cultivation-resistant terrestrial cyanobacteria with massive sheaths (Stigonema spp. and Petalonema alatum, Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) using single-cell and filament sequencing of environmental samples. Journal of Phycology 51(2): 288-297.

Created: 27 August 2004 by Robert Wilkes

Verified by: 11 October 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 777 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Maree, L., Vuuren, S.J. van, Levanets, A. & Taylor, J. (2018). First record of a cyanobacterium Petalonema alatum (Borzì ex Bornet & Flahault) Correns (Cyanobacteria, Scytonemataceae) in Africa. Check List 14(5): 827-832, 2 figs.
Mares, J., Lara, Y., Dadáková, I., Hauer, T., Uher, B., Wilmotte, A. & Kastovsky, J. (2015). Phylogenetic analysis of cultivation-resistant terrestrial cyanobacteria with massive sheaths (Stigonema spp. and Petalonema alatum, Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) using single-cell and filament sequencing of environmental samples. Journal of Phycology 51(2): 288-297.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=64926

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 November 2018.

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