153,822 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,012 images, 59,572 bibliographic items, 413,461 distributional records.

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Suborder Ceramiineae
Family Ceramiaceae
Subfamily Ceramioideae
Tribe Ceramieae
Genus Centroceras

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne
Cabrillo National Monument, California. Middle zone turf.. 07 Sep 2018. © National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior.

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne
microscope, Salses lagoon, France, 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne
microscope, Salses lagoon, France, 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne
microscope, Salses lagoon, France, 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne
microscope, Salses lagoon, France, 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne
1. Frond with cystocarps. 2. Fragments with incurved branch tips and lateral tetrasporangia. 3. Habitat on net of lobster farm (Nhatrang Bay, Vietnam). Insert: Habitat, middle intertidal (Nhatrang Bay).. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne
Hawaii; epiphytica tufts; scale is 10 mm. 15 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne
Hawaii. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne
Barrow Island, Australia. 25 May 2011. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne
Tanzania; apices. Eurico Oliveira. © Eurico Oliveira (euricodo@usp.br).

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Navicula soehrensis Krasske

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne Cabrillo National Monument, California. Middle zone turf.
© National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

Publication details
Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne 1846: 140

Published in: Montagne, [J.F.]C. (1846). Flore d'Algérie. Ordo I. Phyceae Fries. In: Exploration scientifique de l'Algérie pendant les années 1840, 1841, 1842...Sciences physiques. Botanique. Cryptogamie. (Durieu De Maisonneuve, M.C. Eds) Vol. 1, pp. 1-197. Paris: Imprimerie Royale, publiée par ordre du Gouvernement et avec le concours d'une Commission Académique.
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Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Centroceras.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Ceramium clavulatum C.Agardh

Type information
Type locality: " Crescit in Oceano Pacfiico, juxta El Callao de Lima." [Callao de Lima, Peru] (Agardh 1822: 2). Holotype: Humboldt; Herb Agardh, LD (Womersley 1998: 417). Notes: Dawson (1962: 68) notes the type specimen is a Humboldt & Bonpland specimen...(according to Howe).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), like a little club.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Ceramium clavulatum C.Agardh 1822
Spyridia clavulata (C.Agardh) J.Agardh 1842

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Ceramium diaphanum var. borbonicum C.Agardh 1824
Ceramium clavulatum var. borbonicum (C.Agardh) C.Agardh 1828
Callithamnion ramellosum Sonder 1845
Ceramium hyalacanthum (Kützing) Sonder 1848
Ceramium cryptacanthum (Kützing) Sonder 1848
Centroceras clavulatum var. cryptacanthum (Kützing) Grunow 1867
Centroceras clavulatum var. oxyacanthum (Kützing) Grunow 1867
Centroceras clavulatum var. brachyacanthum (Kützing) P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1878

Distributional notes
Widespread in warm and temperate waters; in a Jania cushion; on Hypnea cornuta among many other epiphytes, the most common of which were Polysiphonia mollis and Cladophoropsis membranacea, in Chondrophycus papillosus community, on shallow rock flat gently sloping seawards (Lipkin & Silva 2002). Delnatte & Wynne (2016) note "Centroceras clavulatum (C. Agardh) Montagne had long been regarded to be a widely distributed species throughout the world. But Won et al. (2009) showed that C. clavulatum is another example of "cryptic speciation" and that records of it from places other than Peru (its type locality), northern Chile, California, New Zealand and southern Australia are doubtful Won et al. (2009) showed that C. gasparinii, C. hyalacanthum, and C. micracanthum occur in the Western Atlantic. Garcia et al. (2009) reported C. tetrachotomum to occur in Venezuela. In addition, two new species (C. arcii C.W.Schneider, Cianciola & Popolizio and C. illaqueans C.W.Schneider, Cianciola & Popolizio) were recently described from Bermuda (Schneider et al. 2015).' - (4 Jun 2010) - Wendy Guiry

Excluded from Moroccan flora by Hassoun et al. (2018). - (12 Nov 2018) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Ceramium clavulatum C.Agardh)
Atlantic Islands: Ascension (Price, John & Lawson 1986), Canary Islands (Price, John & Lawson 1986), Cape Verde Islands (Price, John & Lawson 1986), Salvage Islands (Price, John & Lawson 1986).

South America: Temperate South America (Ramírez & Santelices 1991).

Africa: Cameroon (Price, John & Lawson 1986), Namibia (Price, John & Lawson 1986), Pagalu (Price, John & Lawson 1986), West Africa (Price, John & Lawson 1986).

(as Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Curiel et al. 2012), Balearic Islands (Garcías 1919, Ribera Siguán, Gómez Garreta & Seoane-Camba 1982, Gómez Garreta 1983, Ribera Siguán 1983, Ribera Siguán & Gómez Garreta 1984, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001), France (Verlaque 2001, Anon. 2017), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974, Haritonidis & Tsekos 1976, Tsekos & Haritonidis 1977, Athanasiadis 1987, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001), Italy (Giaccone 1969, Edwards et al. 1975, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003), Portugal (Ardré 1970), Spain (Seoane-Camba 1965, Gallardo et al. 1985, Soto & Conde 1989, Conde et al. 1996, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Gorostiaga et al., 2004, Martínez-Gil et al. 2007, Díaz et al 2008, Invernón et al. 2009), Turkey (Europe) (Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001).

Atlantic Islands: Ascension (Price & John 1980, Price, John & Lawson 1986, John et al. 2004, Tsiamis et al. 2017), Azores (Neto 1994, Tittley & Neto 1994, Parente), Bermuda (Taylor 1960, Schneider & Searles 1991, Schneider 2003), Canary Islands (Børgesen 1930, Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1980, Price, John & Lawson 1986, Gil-Rodriguez, Afonso-Carrillo & Wildpret de la Torre 1987, Sanson, Gil-Rodríguez & Wildpret 1988, Sanson, Chacana & Gil-Rodriguez 1990, Ballesteros, Sansón, Reyes, Afonso-Carrillo & Gil-Rodríguez 1992, Guadalupe et al. 1995, McIvor, Maggs & Stanhope 2002, Haroun et al. 2002, Aldanondo-Aristizábal, Domínguez-Alvarez & Gil-Rodríguez 2003, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John et al. 2004, Domínguez-Alvarez et al. 2005, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Cape Verde Islands (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Otero-Schmitt & Sanjuan 1992, John et al. 2004, Prud'homme van Reine, Haroun & Kostermans 2005), Gough Island (Chamberlain 1965), Madeira (Levring 1974, Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001, Haroun et al. 2002, John et al. 2004), Salvage Islands (Audiffred & Weisscher 1984, Price, John & Lawson 1986, Parente et al. 2000, John et al. 2004), St Helena (Price, John & Lawson 1986, John et al. 2004), Tristan da Cunha (Baardseth 1941).

North America: Baja California (Taylor 1945, Dawson 1962), California (CA) (Abbott & Hollenberg 1976, Stewart 1991, Won, Cho & Fredericq 2009, Miller 2012), Florida (FL) (Taylor 1960, Schneider & Searles 1991), Gulf of California (Dawson 1944, Dawson 1962), Mexico (Taylor 1945, Taylor 1960, Dawson 1962, Castaneda-Fernández de Lara et al. 2010 ), Mexico (Caribbean) (Taylor 1972), North Carolina (NC) (Schneider & Searles 1991), Texas (TX) (Taylor 1960, Fujii et al 2006, Wynne 2009, Lehman 2013).

Central America: Belize (Taylor 1960, Norris & Bucher 1982, Littler & Littler 1997), Costa Rica (Taylor 1960, Fernández-García et al. 2011 ), El Salvador (Fernández-García et al. 2011 ), Panama (Taylor 1945, Taylor 1960, Fernández-García et al. 2011 ).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960, Ballantine, D.L. & N.E. Aponte 2005), Barbados (Taylor 1960, Taylor 1969), Caicos Islands (Taylor 1960), Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Cayman Islands (Taylor 1960), Cuba (Taylor 1960, Cabrera, Moreira & Suárez 2004, Suárez 2005), Curaçao (Stegenga & Vroman 1987, Fricke et al. 2011), Hispaniola (Taylor 1960), Jamaica (Taylor 1960, Hommersand et al. 2006), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960, Taylor 1969), Netherlands Antilles (Taylor 1960), Puerto Rico (Taylor 1960), Trinidad & Tobago (Taylor 1960, Richardson 1975, Duncan & Lee Lum 2006), Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Brazil (Taylor 1930, Joly 1957, Taylor 1960, Joly 1965, Oliveira Filho 1977, Barros-Barreto et al 2006, Villaca et al. 2010, Martins et al. 2016, Carvalho et al. 2017, Briani et al. 2018), Chile (Santelices 1989, Ramírez & Santelices 1991, Hoffmann & Santelices 1997, Won, Cho & Fredericq 2009), Colombia (Taylor 1960, Schnetter 1969, Díaz-Pulido & Díaz-Ruíz 2003), Ecuador (Taylor 1945), Galápagos Islands (Taylor 1945, Ruiz & Ziemmeck 2011), Guyana (Taylor 1960), Peru (Dawson, Acleto & Foldvik 1964, Ramírez & Santelices 1991, Won, Cho & Fredericq 2009), Temperate South America (Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Venezuela (Taylor 1960, Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Algeria (Gómez Garreta et al. 2001), Angola (Price, John & Lawson 1986, John et al. 2004), Benin (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Cameroon (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Congo (John et al. 2004), Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Egypt (Papenfuss 1968, Aleem 1993, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001), Egypt (Mediterranean) (Shabaka 2018), Equatorial Guinea (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Eritrea (Lipkin & Silva 2002, Ateweberhan & Prud'homme van Reine 2005), Gabon (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Gambia (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004, John et al. 2004), Ghana (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004, Smith, Smith & Nii Yemoh Annang 2015), Guinea (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Guinea-Bissau (Price, John & Lawson 1986), Kenya (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Liberia (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Libya (Gómez Garreta et al. 2001), Madagascar (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Mauritania (Price, John & Lawson 1986, John et al. 2004), Mauritius (Børgesen 1945, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Morocco (Dangeard 1949, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001), Mozambique (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Namibia (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Wynne 1986, Rull Lluch 2002, John et al. 2004), Nigeria (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), São Tomé & Príncipe (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Senegal (Price, John & Lawson 1986, John et al. 2004), Sierra Leone (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Somalia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), South Africa (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Stegenga, Bolton & Anderson 1997), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005), Togo (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Tunisia (Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001).

Indian Ocean Islands: Aldabra Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Amsterdam Island (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Andaman Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Chagos Archipelago (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Christmas Island (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Diego Garcia Atoll (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Laccadive Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Maldives (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Nicobar Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Réunion (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Zubia et al.), Seychelles (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), St Paul Island (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-west Asia: Arabian Gulf (John & Al-Thani 2014), Bahrain (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Bangladesh (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Ahmed et al. 2009), Cyprus (Taskin et al. 2013), Goa (Pereira & Almeida 2014), India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Rao & Gupta 2015), Iran (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sohrabipour & Rabii 1999), Israel (Nemlich & Danin 1964, Hoffman 2004, Einav 2007, Einav & Israel 2008, Hoffman et al. 2014 ), Kuwait (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Al-Yamani et al. 2014), Lebanon (Lakkis 2013), Levant states (Gómez Garreta et al. 2001), Oman (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Pakistan (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Saudi Arabia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Sri Lanka (Børgesen 1936, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Coppejans et al. 2009), Turkey (Asia) (Taskin et al. 2008), Yemen (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984, Zheng, Liu & Chen 2001, Liu 2008), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov et al. 2015, Titlyanov et al. 2015, Titlyanov et al. 2016), Japan (Segawa 1981, Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998, Titlyanov et al 2006), Korea (Lee & Kang 1986, Lee & Kang 2001, Lee 2008), South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016), Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Huang 2000, Shao 2003-2014, Anon. 2012, Anon. 2012), Yonaguni Island (Titlyanov et al. 2016).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2012), Malaysia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Myanmar (Burma) (Myo Min Tun & Soe-Htun 2014), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Kraft et al. 1999, Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014), Singapore (Pham et al. 2011, Boo et al. 2015), Thailand (Coppejans et al. 2011, Tsutsui et al. 2012), Vietnam (Pham-Hoàng 1969, Kristiansen & Lind 1995, Abbott, Fisher & McDermid 2002, Tsutsui et al. 2005, Titlyanov et al. 2011, Titlyanov & Titlyanov 2012, Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015).

Australia and New Zealand: Antipodes Islands (Nelson 2013), Auckland Islands (Nelson 2013), Australia (Withall & Saunders 2007), Campbell Island (Nelson 2013), Chatham Islands (Nelson 2013), Houtman Abrolhos (Huisman 1997), Kermadec Islands (Nelson 2013, Duffy & Ahyong 2015), Lord Howe Island (Millar & Kraft 1993), New South Wales (Millar 1990, Millar & Kraft 1993), New Zealand (Adams 1994, Nelson & Phillips 1996, Won, Cho & Fredericq 2009, Nelson 2012), Norfolk Island (Millar 1999), North Island, NZ (Nelson 2013), Northern Territory (Womersley 1958, Lewis 1984), Papua New Guinea (Coppejans & Millar 2000), Queensland (Lewis 1984, Price & Scott 1992, Phillips 1997, Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010), South Australia (Womersley 1998, Schneider et al. 2015), South Island, NZ (Nelson 2013, Nelson 2013), Tasmania (Womersley 1998, Scott 2017), Three Kings Is./Manawatawhi (Nelson 2013), Victoria (Womersley 1998, Won, Cho & Fredericq 2009), Western Australia (Huisman & Walker 1990, Womersley 1998, Huisman & Borowitzka 2003, Huisman et al. 2009).

Pacific Islands: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Easter Island (Santelices & Abbott 1987), Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003), French Polynesia (Payri, N'Yeurt & Orempuller 2000, N'Yeurt & Payri 2010), Guam (Lobban & Tsuda 2003), Hawaiian Islands (HI) (Magruder & Hunt 1979, Abbott 1999, Huisman, Abbott & Smith 2007), Line Islands (Tsuda & Fisher 2012), Mariana Islands (Tsuda 2003), Marshall Islands (Taylor 1950, Dawson 1957), New Caledonia (Payri 2007), Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (Tsuda 2014), Samoa (Skelton & South 2007), Samoan Archipelago (Skelton & South 1999), Solomon Islands (Womersley & Bailey 1970), Wake Atoll (Tsuda, Abbott & Foster 2006).

Key references
Barros-Barreto, M.B., McIvor, L., Maggs, C.A. & Ferreira, P.C.G. (2006). Molecular systematics of Ceramium and Centroceras (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta) from Brazil. Journal of Phycology 42: 905-921.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Dawson, E.Y., Acleto, O.C. & Foldvik, N. (1964). The seaweeds of Peru. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 13: 1-111, 81 pls.

Delnatte, C. & Wynne, M.J. (2016). A revised checklist of marine algae and seagrasses of Martinique, French West Indies. Nova Hedwigia 102(3/4): 415-440, 1 fig.

Hassoun, M., Wynne, J.W., Moussa, H., Salhi, G., Zbakh, H., Riadi, H. & Kazzaz, M. (2018). An investigation of members of the tribe Ceramieae (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta) occurring on both the Mediterranean and Atlantic shores of Morocco. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 33(3): 243-267.

Hayee-Memon, A. & Shameel, M. (1996). A taxonomic study of some red algae commonly growing on the coast of Karachi. Pakistan Journal of Marine Sciences 5(2): 113-137.

Hommersand, M.H., Freshwater, D.W., Lopez-Bautista, J.M. & Fredericq, S. (2006). Proposal of the Euptiloteae Hommersand et Fredericq, trib. nov. and transfer of some southern hemisphere Ptiloteae to the Callithamnieae (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 42: 203-225.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

N'Yeurt, A.D.R. & Payri, C.E. (2010). Marine algal flora of French Polynesia III. Rhodophyta, with additions to the Phaeophyceae and Chlorophyta. Cryptogamie Algologie 31: 3-205.

Nelson, W.A. (2013). New Zealand seaweeds. An illustrated guide. pp. [1]-328. Wellington: Te Papa Press.

Scott, F.J. (2017). Marine plants of Tasmania. pp. [i]-viii, 1-360, numerous col. illus. Hobart: Tasmania Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.

Smith, G.M. (1944). Marine algae of the Monterey Peninsula. pp. i-ix, 1-622, 98 pls. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Withall, R.D. & Saunders, G.W. (2007 '2006'). Combining small and large subunit ribosomal DNA genes to resolve relationships among orders of the Rhodymeniophycidae (Rhodophyta): recognition of the Acrosymphytales ord. nov. and Sebdeniales ord. nov. European Journal of Phycology 41: 379-394.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1998). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIC. Ceramiales - Ceramiaceae, Dasyaceae. pp. 535. Canberra & Adelaide: Australian Biological Resources Study & State Herbarium of South Australia.

Won, B.Y., Cho, T.O. & Fredericq, S. (2009). Morphological and molecular characterization of species of the genus Centroceras (Ceramiaceae, Ceramiales), including two new species. Journal of Phycology 45: 227-250.

Wynne, M.J. (1986). Report on a collection of benthic marine algae from the Namibian coast (southwestern Africa). Nova Hedwigia 43: 311-355, 24 pls.

Wynne, M.J. (2005). A check-list of benthic marine algae of the tropical and subtropical western Atlantic: second revision. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 129: 1-152.

Zheng, B., Liu, J. & Chen, Z. (2001). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. VI Ceramiales (I). pp. [i-vi], i-xx, 1-159, 1 pl. Beijing: Science Press.

Created: 03 August 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 12 November 2018 by Wendy Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 14226 times since it was created.

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Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Alveal, K. & Joly, A.B. (1968). The sexual male plants of Centroceras clavulatum (C. Agardh) Montagne. Rickia 3: 111-113.
Conde, F. (1981). Sobre la corologia y la frutificacion de Centroceras clavulatum Montagne (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta) en el Mediterraneo. Trab y monograf Dep Bot Málaga 11: 7-12.
de Oliveira Filho, E.C. & Brinati, M.C. (1974). Germination and development of the tetraspores of Centroceras clavulatum (Rhodophyta, Ceramiaceae) in culture. Bol Bot Univ S Paulo 2: 1-15.
Joly, A.B. & Alveal, K. (1968). The sexual male plants of Centroceras clavulatum ( C. Agardh ) Montagne.. Rickia. 3: 111-115.
Vélez, S.M. & Ballantine, D.L. (1989). The life history and development of Centroceras clavulatum (C. Agardh) Montagne (Rhodophyta, Ceramiaceae) in culture. Caribbean Journal of Science 25: 9-12.

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Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 12 December 2018.

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