154,917 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,111 images, 59,869 bibliographic items, 430,948 distributional records.

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Fucales
Family Sargassaceae
Genus Bifurcaria


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Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross
Barizo, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross
Barizo, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross
Bifurcaria bifurcata, lower intertidal, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross
Bifurcaria bifurcata, lower intertidal with Laminaria ochroleuca, South of Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross
Bifurcaria bifurcata, lower intertidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross
middle intertidal, Ría de Camariñas, Galicia, Spain, 2012. 01 Jan 0001. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross
Collected near Roscoff (F), Dec 1984. 29 Dec 2011. Elmar Wosnitza. © Christine Wosnitza.

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross
North of Spain, 2010. 24 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross
Spain, Galicia, A Coruña, 2009. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross
Black Head. M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

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14 Found - Displaying 1 through 10


Erythropeltis subintegra (Rosenvinge) Kornmann & Sahling

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross Black Head
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross 1958: 754

Published in: Ross, R. (1958). The type species of Bifurcaria Stackhouse. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 55: 753-754.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Bifurcaria is Bifurcaria tuberculata Stackhouse.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), bifurcate.

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus rotundatus Hudson 1762
Fucus tuberculatus Hudson 1778
Fucus bifurcatus Velley 1792
Bifurcaria tuberculata Stackhouse 1809
Pycnophycus tuberculatus (Stackhouse) Kützing 1843
Ascophylla tuberculatum Kuntze 1891

Nomenclatural notes
John et al. (2004) cite the authority for this species as (Velley) R. Ross.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross)
English: Brown Tuning Fork Weed, Brown Forking Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Type information
Type locality: "Prope St Ives in Cornubia" (St Ives, Cornwall, England) (Stackhouse 1809).

No distributions recorded
No distributional records for this taxon have been recorded by AlgaeBase to date. Generally, recent national lists or extensive regional or state lists have been employed to give a general indication of distribution.

(as Bifurcaria tuberculata Stackhouse)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920), Ireland (Adams 1907, Adams 1908, Cotton 1912, Newton 1931), Spain (Miranda 1931).

Africa: Morocco (Gil-Rodriguez & Socorro Hernández 1986).

(as Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross)
Europe: Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Britain (Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie et al. 2016, Bunker et al. 2017), Channel Islands (Dixon 1961), France (Cho et al. 2006, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007 , Silberfeld et al. 2011, Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Loiseaux-de Goër & Noailles 2008), Ireland (Cullinane 1971, Guiry 1978, De Valéra et al. 1979, Morton 1994, Guiry 2012, Bunker et al. 2017), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983, Stegenga et al. 1997), Portugal (De Mesquita Rodrigues 1963, Ardré 1970, Araujo et al. 2005, Araújo et al. 2006, Araújo et al. 2009, Bárbara et al. 2012), Spain (Pérez-Cirera & Maldonado 1982, Gallardo & Pérez-Cirera 1982, Fernández & Niell 1982, Fernández, Niell & Anadón 1983, Anadón 1983, Sierra & Fernández 1984, Anadón & Fernández 1986, Granja, Cremades & Barbara 1992, Bárbara, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1995, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Veiga, Cremades & Bárbara 1998, Veiga Villar 1999, Peña & Bárbara 2002, Sánchez, Fernández & Rico 2003, Gorostiaga et al., 2004, Bárbara et al. 2005, Diaz-Tapia & Bárbara 2005, Sánchez & Fernández 2005, Sánchez et al 2005, Martínez-Gil et al. 2007, Lobón et al. 2008, Viejo et al. 2008, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016).

Africa: Western Sahara (John et al. 2004).

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cho, G.Y, Rousseau, F., Reviers, B. de & Boo, S.M. (2006). Phylogenetic relationships within the Fucales (Phaeophyceae) assessed by the photosystem I coding psaA sequences. Phycologia 45: 512-519.

Delf, E.M. (1935). Liberation of oogonia in Bifurcaria and other members of the Fucaceae. New Phytologist 34: 245-259, 8 figs.

Gallardo Garciá, T. (2001). Bifurcaria Stackh. In: Flora phycologica iberica Vol. 1 Fucales. (Gómez Garreta, A. Eds), pp. 91-93. Murcia: Universidad de Murcia.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 10 November 2008 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 10802 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Culioli, G., Daoudi, M., Ortalo-Magne, A., Valls, R. & Piovetti, L. (2001). (S)-12-hydroxygeranylgeraniol-derived diterpenes from the brown alga Bifurcaria bifurcata. Phytochemistry 57: 529-535.
De Valéra, M. (1962). Some aspects of the problem of the distribution of Bifurcaria bifurcata (Velley) Ross on the shores of Ireland, north of the Shannon Estuary. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 62B: 77-101.
Fernández, C., Niell, F.X. & Anadón, R. (1983). Comparación de dos comunidades de horizontes intermareales con abundancia de Bifurcaria bifurcata Ros. en las costas N y NO de España. Investigacion Pesquera 47(3): 435-455.
Hardy, F.G. & Moss, B.L. (1979). Notes on the attachment of zygotes and germlings of Bifurcaria bifurcata Ross (Phaeophyceae, Fucales) (Note). Phycologia 18: 164-165.
Le Lann, K., Jégou, C. & Stiger-Pouvreau, V. (2008). Effect of different conditioning treatments on total phenolic content and antioxidant activities in two Sargassacean species: Comparison of the frondose Sargassum muticum (Yendo) Fensholt and the cylindrical Bifurcaria bifurcata R. Ross. Phycological Research 56(4): 238-245.
Le Lann, K., Rumin, J., Cérantola, S., Culioli, G. & Stiger-Pouvreau, V. (2014). Spatiotemporal variations of diterpene production in the brown macroalga Bifurcaria bifurcata from the western coasts of Brittany (France). Journal of Applied Phycology 26: 1207-1214.
Lorenzo, J.M., Agregán, R., Munekata, P.E.S., Franco, D., Carballo, J., Sahin, S., Lacomba, R. & Barba, F.J. (2017). Proximate composition and nutritional value of three macroalgae: Ascophyllum nodosum, Fucus vesiculosus and Bifurcaria bifurcata. Marine Drugs 15, 360: 11 pp.
Margalet, J.L. & Navarro M.J. (1990). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica. I. Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross y Halydris siliquosa (L.) Lyngb. Botanica Complutensis 16: 99-107.
Méndez-Sandín, M. & Fernández, C. (2016). Changes in the structure and dynamics of marine assemblages dominated by Bifurcaria bifurcata and Cystoseira species over three decades (1977-2007). Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 175: 46-56.
Miranda, J.M., Trigo, M., Barros-Velázquez, J. & Aubourg, S. (2016). Quality Enhancement of Chilled Fish by Including Alga Bifurcaria bifurcata Extract in the Icing Medium. Food and Bioprocess Technology 9(3): 387-395.
Valls, R., Piovetti, L., Banaigs, B., Archavlis, A. & Pellegrini, M. (1995). (S)-13-hydroxygeranylgeraniol-derived furanoditerpenes from Bifurcaria bifurcata. Phytochemistry 39: 145-149.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 March 2019.

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