148,407 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,273 images, 57,042 bibliographic items, 360,092 distributional records.

Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kützing

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Cystocloniaceae
Genus Hypnea

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kützing
1. Branches with spine-like branchlets. 2. Lateral cystocarps (immature). 3. Rhizoidal tufts issuing from tips. 4. Natural habitat (Vietnam, lobster farm).. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kützing
Panama. Saboga-Las Perlas. Habit showing numerous spur-like branchlets.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kützing
Panama. Transverse section of branch showing central filament surrounded by 5 pericentral cells.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kützing
Panama. Transverse section of branch cortex.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kützing
Panama. Transverse section of branch showing small lateral branchlet.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kützing
© ABC Taxa (eric.coppejans@ugent.be). From: Coppejans, E., Leliaert, F., Dargent, O., Gunasekara, R., & De Clerck, O. (2009). Sri Lankan Seaweeds Methodologies and field guide to the dominant species. Vol. 6 pp. 1-265.: ABC Taxa..

Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kützing
© ABC Taxa (eric.coppejans@ugent.be). From: Coppejans, E., Leliaert, F., Dargent, O., Gunasekara, R., & De Clerck, O. (2009). Sri Lankan Seaweeds Methodologies and field guide to the dominant species. Vol. 6 pp. 1-265.: ABC Taxa..

 

Publication details
Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kützing 1847: 23

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1847). Diagnosen und Bemerkungen zu neuen oder kritischen Algen. Botanische Zeitung 5: 1-5, 22-25, 33-38, 52-55, 164-167, 177-180, 193-198, 219-223.
 Download PDF

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Hypnea is Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Sphaerococcus spinellus C.Agardh

Type information
Type locality: "Indiae occidentalis" (West Indies) Type: herb. alg. Agardh, LD 33888 (Yoshida 1998: 744). Notes: Dawson (1961: 238) gives the following additional data: collected in coral, by Aspergen. According to Haroun & Prud'homme van Reine, 1993: 122) the lectotype (in LD) is herb Ag. 33888, "Vestindien"

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Sphaerococcus spinellus C.Agardh 1822
Gigartina spinella (C.Agardh) Greville 1830

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Sphaerococcus spinellus C.Agardh)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Gigartina spinella (C.Agardh) Greville)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kützing)
Europe: Apulia (Bottalico et al. 2016), Italy (Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003), Spain (Hernández et al. 2010), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016).

Atlantic Islands: Ascension (Price & John 1980, John et al. 2004), Bermuda (Taylor 1960, Schneider 2003), Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1980, Gil-Rodriguez et al. 1985, Viera-Rodriguez et al. 1987, Gil-Rodriguez, Afonso-Carrillo & Wildpret de la Torre 1987, Ballesteros, Sansón, Reyes, Afonso-Carrillo & Gil-Rodríguez 1992, Guadalupe et al. 1995, Haroun et al. 2002, Aldanondo-Aristizábal, Domínguez-Alvarez & Gil-Rodríguez 2003, Moreira-Reyes et al 2003, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John et al. 2004, Domínguez-Alvarez et al. 2005, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Cape Verde Islands (John et al. 2004, Prud'homme van Reine, Haroun & Kostermans 2005), Madeira (Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001, Haroun et al. 2002, John et al. 2004), Salvage Islands (Parente et al. 2000, John et al. 2004).

North America: Florida (Littler, Littler & Hanisak 2008), Mexico (Taylor 1945, Dawson 1961, Castaneda-Fernández de Lara et al. 2010 ), Texas (Wynne 2009, Lehman 2013).

Central America: Belize (Littler & Littler 1997), Costa Rica (Taylor 1960).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Ballantine, D.L. & N.E. Aponte 2005), Barbados (Taylor 1969), Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000, Jesus et al. 2016), Cuba (Taylor 1960, Cabrera, Moreira & Suárez 2004, Suárez 2005, Díez García & Jover Capote 2011, Castellanos González, Moreira González & León Pérez 2012, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014), Hispaniola (Taylor 1960, Betancourt & Herrera-Moreno, 2001), Jamaica (Taylor 1960), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960, Taylor 1969), Martinique (Rodríguez-Prieto, Michanek & Ivon 1999, Delnatte & Wynne 2016), Trinidad & Tobago (Taylor 1960, Richardson 1975, Duncan & Lee Lum 2006), Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Brazil (Taylor 1930, Joly 1957, Taylor 1960, Joly 1965, Oliveira Filho 1977, Falcão & Menezes de Széchy 2005, Castelar et al. 2009, Villaca et al. 2010, Creed et al. 2010, Nauer et al. 2014 , Jesus et al. 2016 ), Colombia (Taylor 1960, Díaz-Pulido & Díaz-Ruíz 2003), Galápagos Islands (Ruiz & Ziemmeck 2011), Venezuela (Taylor 1960, Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Angola (John et al. 2004), Equatorial Guinea (John et al. 2004), Eritrea (Ateweberhan & Prud'homme van Reine 2005), Ethiopia (Papenfuss 1968), Gabon (Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Gambia (Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Ghana (John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004, Smith, Smith & Nii Yemoh Annang 2015), Guinea-Bissau (Welten, Audiffred & Prud'homme van Reine 2002, Welten, Audiffred & Prud'homme van Reine 2002, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Kenya (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Liberia (John et al. 2004), Madagascar (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Mauritania (John et al. 2004), Mauritius (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Morocco (Dangeard 1949), São Tomé & Príncipe (John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Senegal (John et al. 2004), Sierra Leone (Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), South Africa (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Western Sahara (John et al. 2004).

Indian Ocean Islands: Aldabra Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Andaman Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Laccadive Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Maldives (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Nicobar Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Réunion (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Seychelles (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-west Asia: Arabian Gulf (John & Al-Thani 2014), Cyprus (Tsiamis et al. 2014), Goa (Pereira & Almeida 2014), India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Rao & Gupta 2015), Iran (Sohrabipour & Rabii 1999), Lebanon (Bitar et al. 2017 ), Oman (Wynne & Jupp 1998), Sri Lanka (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Coppejans et al. 2009), Turkey (Asia) (Taskin et al. 2008).

Asia: China (Liu 2008), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov et al. 2015, Titlyanov et al. 2015, Titlyanov et al. 2016), Japan (Yamagishi & Masuda 1997, Yoshida 1998, Titlyanov et al 2006), Korea (Lee 2008), South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016), Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Chiang 1997, Huang 2000, Shao 2003-2014, Anon. 2012), Yonaguni Island (Titlyanov et al. 2016).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Verheij & Prud'homme van Reine 1993, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2012), Myanmar (Burma) (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Hlaing Hlaing Htoon & Soe-Htun, Myo Min Tun & Soe-Htun 2014), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Kraft et al. 1999, Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014), Singapore (Teo & Wee 1983 , Pham et al. 2011), Thailand (Coppejans et al. 2011), Vietnam (Pham-Hoàng 1969, Kristiansen & Lind 1995, Abbott, Fisher & McDermid 2002, Titlyanov et al. 2011, Titlyanov & Titlyanov 2012, Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015).

Australia and New Zealand: Houtman Abrolhos (Huisman 1997), Lord Howe Island (Millar & Kraft 1993), New South Wales (Millar 1990, Millar & Kraft 1993), Norfolk Island (Millar 1999), Papua New Guinea (Coppejans & Millar 2000, Littler & Littler 2003), Queensland (Lewis 1984, Price & Scott 1992, Phillips 1997, Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010).

Pacific Islands: American Samoa (Tsuda et al. 2011 ), Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), French Polynesia (Payri, N'Yeurt & Orempuller 2000, N'Yeurt & Payri 2010), Guam (Lehmann 1846), Hawaiian Islands (Abbott 1999, Stuercke & McDermid 2004), Jarvis I. & Kingman Reef (Tsuda & Fisher 2012), Line Islands (Tsuda & Fisher 2012), Mariana Islands (Tsuda 2003), Marshall Islands (Taylor 1950), Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (Tsuda 2014), Wake Atoll (Tsuda, Abbott & Foster 2006).

Nomenclatural notes
According to Haroun & Prud'Homme van Reine (1993), the correct name is Hypnea spinella (C. Agardh) J. Agardh 1847: 14. - (6 Dec 2016) - Wendy Guiry

Taxonomic notes
According to Xia & Zhang (1999: 80), this species is a synonym of Hypnea cervicornis J.Agardh. According to Lawson & John (1987: 238) "there is much confusion regarding the distinction between Hypnea cervicornis and H. spinella taxonomically, nomenclaturally, and biologically. Doubt has been expressed (see De Toni, 1900: Tanaka, 1941) as to whether the illustration of H. spinella by Kützing (1868, pl.26, figs d-f) should be more correctly attributed to H. cervicornis. This question can only be finally resolved by referring back to the original material on which Kützing based his illustration."

Nauer et al. (2014) treat H. spinella and H. cervicornis as two separate species. - (11 Sep 2015) - Wendy Guiry

Distributional notes
This species has been introduced into the Mediterranean (Verlaque et al. 2015: 149), via shipping and the Suez Canal, being first found at Simi Island, Greece, in 1926. It is now widespread in the Mediterranean. - (4 Nov 2015) - M.D. Guiry

Usage notes
“This is an edible species, being commonly eaten (boiled in coconut milk) in other parts of the Pacific and Asia.” (Payri, N’Yeurt & Orempuller, 2000: 224).

Key references
Abbott, I.A., Fisher, J. & McDermid, K.J. (2002). Newly reported and revised marine algae from the vicinity of Nha Trang, Vietnam. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. Vol. VIII. (Abbott, I.A. & Mcdermid, K.J. Eds) Vol. 8, pp. 291-321. Oceanographic Institute, Nha Trang, Vietnam: California Sea Grant College.

Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Chiang, Y.-M. (1997). Species of Hypnea Lamouroux (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) from Taiwan. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.6, pp. 163-177. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Geraldino, P.J.L., Yang, E.C. Kim, M.-S. & Boo, S.-M. (2009). Systematics of Hypnea asiatica sp. nov. (Hypneaceae, Rhodophyta) based on morphology and nrDNA SSU, plastid rbcL, and mitochondrial cox1. Taxon 58(2): 606-616.

Haroun, R.J. & Prud'Homme van Reine, W.F. (1993). A biogeographical study of Laurencia and Hypnea species of the Macaronesian region. Courier Forsch. 159: 119-125, 2 figs, 5 tables.

Jesus, P.B., Nauer, F., Lyra, G.M., Cassano, V., Oliveira, M.C., Nunes, J.M.C. & Schnadelbach, A.S. (2016). Species-delimitation and phylogenetic analyses of some cosmopolitan species of Hypnea (Rhodophyta) reveal synonyms and misapplied names to H. cervicornis, including a new species from Brazil. Journal of Phycology 52(5): 774-792.

N'Yeurt, A.D.R. & Payri, C.E. (2010). Marine algal flora of French Polynesia III. Rhodophyta, with additions to the Phaeophyceae and Chlorophyta. Cryptogamie Algologie 31: 3-205.

Nauer, F., Guimarães, N.R., Cassano, V., Yokoya, N.S., Oliveira, M.C. (2014). Hypnea species (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) from the southeastner coast of Brazil based on molecular studies complemented with morphological analyses, including descriptions of Hypnea edeniana sp. nov. and H. flava sp. nov. European Journal of Phycology 49(4): 550-575, 54 fig., 3 tables.

Nauer, F., Guimarães, N.R., Cassano, V., Yokoya, N.S., Oliveira, M.C. (2014). Hypnea species (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) from the southeastner coast of Brazil based on molecular studies complemented with morphological analyses, including descriptions of Hypnea edeniana sp. nov. and H. flava sp. nov. European Journal of Phycology 49(4): 550-575, 54 fig., 3 tables.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

South, G.R. (2004). Hypnea sp. (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) from Fiji, South Pacific and List of Hypnea species present in the Fiji Islands. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to the Pacific and other locations Volume IX. (Abbott, I.A. & McDermid, K.J. Eds) Vol.9, pp. 133-140.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2014). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka.

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photograph and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Yamagishi, Y. & Masuda, M. (1997). Species of Hypnea from Japan. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.6, pp. 135-162. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Created: 19 January 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 March 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 8745 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Abdala Díaz, R.T., Chabrillón, M., Cabello-Pasini, A., Gómez-Pinchetti, J.L. & Figueroa, F.L. (2011). Characterization of polysaccharides from Hypnea spinella (Gigartinales) and Halopithys incurva (Ceramiales) and their effect on RAW 264.7 macrophage activity. J. Appl. Phycol 23: 523-528.
Guimaraens, M. A., Coimbra, C. A. & Coutinho, R. (1996). Modeling competition between Laurencia obtusa (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) and Hypnea spinella (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) at Cabo Frio Island, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 273-276.
Suárez-Álvarez, S., Gómez-Pinchetti, J.M. & García-Reina, G. (2012). Effects of increased CO2 levels on growth, photosynthesis, ammonium uptake and cell composition in the macroalga Hypnea spinella (Gigartinales, Rhodophya). J. Appl. Phycol. 24: 815-823.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=p6edc8f540665acab

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2017. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 June 2017.

SITE © 1996 - 2017 M.D. Guiry. All rights reserved.

Website Design : 249 Design Studio