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Pleonosporium caribaeum (Børgesen) R.E.Norris

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Suborder Ceramiineae
Family Ceramiaceae
Subfamily Spongoclonioideae
Tribe Spongoclonieae
Genus Pleonosporium


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Pleonosporium caribaeum (Børgesen) R.E.Norris
KwaZulu-Natal. Olivier de Clerck. © Olivier De Clerck (odclerck@gmail.com). From: De Clerck, O., Bolton, J.J., Anderson, R.J. & Coppejans, E. (2005). Guide to the seaweeds of KwaZulu-Natal. Scripta Botanica Belgica 33: 1-294. Purchase information.


Publication details
Pleonosporium caribaeum (Børgesen) R.E.Norris 1985: 61

Published in: Norris, R.E. (1985). Studies on Pleonosporium and Mesothamnion (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta) with a description of a new species from Natal. British Phycological Journal 20: 59-68, 28 figs.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Pleonosporium is Pleonosporium borreri (Smith) Nägeli.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Spongoclonium caribaeum (Børgesen) M.J.Wynne

Mesothamnion caribaeum Børgesen

Type information
Type locality: Annaberg, St. John, Virgin Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 419). Type: C (Yoshida 1998: 917).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), of the Caribbean.

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Pleonosporium caribaeum (Børgesen) R.E.Norris)
Europe: France (Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2012), Spain (Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Gorostiaga et al., 2004).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Lawson et al. 1995, Guadalupe et al. 1995, Haroun et al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John et al. 2004, Domínguez-Alvarez et al. 2005, Anon. 2011).

South America: Colombia (Díaz-Pulido & Díaz-Ruíz 2003).

Africa: Kenya (Coppejans, Leliaert & De Clerck 2000), Mozambique (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), South Africa (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Stegenga, Bolton & Anderson 1997), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005).

South-west Asia: India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001).

Asia: Japan (Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Kajimura 1997, Yoshida 1998), Korea (Lee & Kang 2001).

Australia and New Zealand: Houtman Abrolhos (Huisman 1997), Lord Howe Island (Millar & Kraft 1993), Western Australia (Huisman & Borowitzka 2003).

Pacific Islands: American Samoa (Skelton & South 2007), Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), Hawaiian Islands (Abbott 1999), Samoa (Skelton & South 2007).

Source of synonymy
Wynne, M.J. (2005). A check-list of benthic marine algae of the tropical and subtropical western Atlantic: second revision. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 129: 1-152.

Key references
Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2007). The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 132: 1-350.

Created: 03 August 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 20 May 2010 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1491 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Aponte, N.E. & Ballantine, D.L. (1992). The life history in culture of Pleonosporium caribaeum (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta) from the Caribbean. Cryptogamie, Algologie 13: 15-23.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=G6a12dfec65753f20

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2017. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 June 2017.

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