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Bostrychia scorpioides (Hudson) Montagne

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Rhodomelaceae
Tribe Bostrychieae
Genus Bostrychia

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Bostrychia scorpioides (Hudson) Montagne
Pl. 2 from Ray (1724). Holotype is fig. 6. 01 Aug 2017. Out of. © Out of copyright.

Bostrychia scorpioides (Hudson) Montagne
Bostrichia scorpioides, on Juncus, Corrubedo Natural Parc, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bostrychia scorpioides (Hudson) Montagne
upper intertidal, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2012. 01 Jan 0001. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bostrychia scorpioides (Hudson) Montagne
microscope, Portugal, Aveiro, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bostrychia scorpioides (Hudson) Montagne
microscope, Portugal, Aveiro, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bostrychia scorpioides (Hudson) Montagne
microscope, Portugal, Aveiro, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bostrychia scorpioides (Hudson) Montagne
microscope, TS, Portugal, Aveiro, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bostrychia scorpioides (Hudson) Montagne
microscope, TS, Portugal, Aveiro, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bostrychia scorpioides (Hudson) Montagne
microscope, tetrasporangial stichidia Portugal, Aveiro, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bostrychia scorpioides (Hudson) Montagne
Silver Strand, Co. Galway, Ireland; growing amongst flowering plants in saltmarsh. 01 Apr 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

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Perithalia inermis (Turner) J.Agardh

Bostrychia scorpioides (Hudson) Montagne upper intertidal, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2012

Publication details
Bostrychia scorpioides (Hudson) Montagne 1842: 661

Published in: Montagne, C. (1842). Bostrychia. Dictionnaire Universel d'Histoire Naturelle [Orbigny] 2: 660-661.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Bostrychia.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus scorpioides Hudson

Type information
Type locality: "Habitat in littore Sussexiano; at Selsey-Island plentifully. Dr Dill[enius]. R. Syn. [Selsey, Sussex, England] (Hudson 1762: 471). Notes: Selsey (meaning Seal Island) West Sussex was once an island. It is likely that the type was collected in the saltmarshes west of Selsey Bill by Dillenius. Dixon & Irvine (1982: 96) selected as "holotype" the illustration in Ray (1724: pl. 2: fig. 6) on the basis that Hudson based his description on Ray. The material upon which the illustration is based is in Dillenius's herbarium at OXF). Art 9.1 [Melbourne Code] specifies "A holotype of a name of a species or infraspecific taxon is the one specimen or illustration [prior to 2007] used by the author, or designated by the author as the nomenclatural type."

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus scorpioides Hudson 1762
Ceramium scorpioides (Hudson) Roth 1800
Amphibia scorpioides (Hudson) Stackhouse 1809
Rhodomela scorpioides (Hudson) C.Agardh 1822
Helicothamnion scorpioides (Roth) Kützing 1843

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Bostrychia amphibia (Stackhouse) Montagne
Bostrychia scorpioides f. typica Post
Fucus amphibius Hudson 1778
Scorpiura amphibia Stackhouse 1816

Nomenclatural notes
Note from Algae-L (posted by M. J. Wynne, 1 July 2005): "The genus Bostrychia goes back to Montagne in Ramon de la Sagra (1842) Historia...de la Isla de Cuba. But in that publication (vol. 8: 39) Montagne did not make the combination for any species that he was assigning to his new genus. Montagne (in the same year, 1842) also contributed the entry of Bostrychia in C. d'Orbigny's Dictionnaire universel d'histoire naturelle, vol. II: 661, and there he made 5 transfers to Bostrychia: B. scorpioides, B. calamistrata, B. radicans, B. calliptera, and B. floccosa. This entry runs on pp. 660-661 is authored by 'C. M.' = Camille Montagne. This Dictionnaire was 13 volumes of text and 3 volumes of the atlas (= 288 pls). Its publication dates are 1841-1849 according to the on-line New York Public Library as well as the on-line Mo. Bot. Gard. Library, or possibly 1842-1849 according to the on-line New York Bot. Gard. Library. Vol. II of this Dictionnaire in the University of Michigan Library has '1849' on the title page, but that title page must have been printed when the series was completed. Paul Silva's card in his on-line Index Nominum Algarum indicates the date of vol. II of the Dictionnaire to be 1842 because it was cited in Oct. of that year in the Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 2, 18: 253. So I believe that the evidence is that Montagne in 1842 made the comb. nov. of Bostrychia scorpioides, and is the author, not Kützing in 1849. King & Puttock (1989, Aust. Syst. Bot., p. 9) also credited Montagne (1842). "

Taxonomic notes
Day et al. (1995: 252) records this species as being a synonym of Bostrychia harveyi.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Habitat
On muddy shores near high-water mark, on lower stems of saltmarsh flowering plants, widely distirbuted, locally abundant.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Fucus amphibius Hudson)
Europe: Ireland (Tighe 1803), Spain (Roxas Clemente y Rubio 1807).

(as Bostrychia scorpioides (Hudson) Montagne)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001), Britain (Newton 1931, Maggs & Hommersand 1993, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie et al. 2016, Bunker et al. 2017), France (Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Zuccarello & West 2006, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954, Loiseaux-de Goër & Noailles 2008), Ireland (Cotton 1912, Newton 1931, Cullinane 1969, Cullinane 1971, Guiry 1978, De Valéra et al. 1979, Maggs & Hommersand 1993, Morton 1994, Guiry 2012, Bunker et al. 2017), Italy (Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Furnari et al. 2003), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983, Stegenga et al. 1997), Portugal (Ardré 1970, Cremades et al., 2002, Bárbara et al. 2006, Araújo et al. 2009), Spain (Sauvageau 1897, Miranda 1931, Miranda 1934, Ardré 1957, Fischer-Piette, C. & Seoane-Camba, J. (1962), Seoane-Camba 1965, Fernández & Niell 1982, Pérez-Cirera 1989, Granja, Cremades & Barbara 1992, Flores-Moya et al. 1994, Bárbara, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1995, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Conde et al. 1996, Calvo, Bárbara & Cremades 1999, Calvo & Bárbara 2002, Gorostiaga et al., 2004, Bárbara et al. 2005, Martínez-Gil et al. 2007, Mercado et al. 2009, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010, Hernández et al. 2010), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016).

Atlantic Islands: Azores (Tittley & Neto 2005).

North America: Florida (Taylor 1960 ).

Central America: Belize (Taylor 1960).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960 ), Cuba (Taylor 1960 , Suárez 2005 ), Jamaica (Taylor 1960 ).

South America: Argentina (Boraso & Zaixso 2011, Boraso de Zaixso 2013 ), Brazil (Taylor 1960 , Oliveira Filho 1977 ), Chile (Ramírez & Santelices 1991 , Hoffmann & Santelices 1997 ), Guyana (Taylor 1960 ), Temperate South America (Ramírez & Santelices 1991 ).

Africa: Morocco (Dangeard 1949), Namibia (Rull Lluch 2002, John et al. 2004), Sierra Leone (Price, John & Lawson 1986, John et al. 2004), South Africa (Stegenga, Bolton & Anderson 1997).

Australia and New Zealand: Tasmania (Day et al. 1995), Victoria (Day et al. 1995).

Antarctic and the subantarctic islands: Antarctica/Subantarctic Islands (Papenfuss 1964 ).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. II. pp. [2], 763-1504. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Irvine, L.M. & Dixon, P.S. (1982). The typification of Hudson's algae: a taxonomic and nomenclatural reappraisal. Bulletin of the British Museum (Botany) 10(2): 91-105.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Maggs, C.A. & Hommersand, M.H. (1993). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 3A. Ceramiales. pp. [i]-xv, 1-444, 129 figs, map. London: HMSO.

Papenfuss, G.F. (1964). Catalogue and bibliography of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic benthic marine algae. In: Antarctic Research Series. Volume 1. Bibliography of the Antarctic Seas. (Lee, M.O. Eds), pp. 1-76. Washington D.C.: American Geophysical Union.

Zuccarello, G.C. & West, J.A. (2006). Molecular phylogeny of the subfamily Bostrychioideae (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta): subsuming Stictosiphonia and highlighting polyphyly in species of Bostrychia. Phycologia 45: 24-36.

Zuccarello, G.C. & West, J.A. (2006). Molecular phylogeny of the subfamily Bostrychioideae (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta): subsuming Stictosiphonia and highlighting polyphyly in species of Bostrychia. Phycologia 45: 24-36.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 February 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 10677 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Berg, R.F. de (1949). The New Zealand species of Bostrychia related to Bostrychia scorpioides Mont. Farlowia 3: 499-502.
Karsten, U. & Kirst, G.O. (1989). Incomplete turgor pressure regulation in the "terrestrial" red alga, Bostrychia scorpioides (Huds.) Mont.. Pl. Sci. 61: 29-36.
Kremer, B.P. (1976). 14C-assimilate pattern and kinetics of photosynthetic 14CO2-assimilation of the marine red alga Bostrychia scorpioides. Planta (Berl) 129: 63-67.
Mercado, J.M. & Niell, F.X. (1999). Carbonic anhydrase activity and use of HCO3- in Bostrychia scorpioides (Ceramiales, Rhodophyceae). European Journal of Phycology 34: 13-19, 5 figs, 3 tables.
Mercado, J.M. & Niell, F.X. (2000). Carbon dioxide uptake by Bostrychia scorpioides (Rhodophyceae) under emersed conditions. European Journal of Phycology 35: 45-51, 3 figs, 3 tables.
Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. & Sluiman, H.J. (1980). Red algae found on European salt-marshes. I. Bostrychia scorpioides (Rhodomelaceae). Aquatic Botany 9: 323-342, 16 figs.
Sluiman, H.J. (1978). A note on Bostrychia scorpioides (Hudson) Montagne ex Kützing and B. montagnei Harvey (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta). Blumea 24: 301-303.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 January 2018.

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