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Arthrospira maxima Setchell & N.L.Gardner

Publication details
Arthrospira maxima Setchell & N.L.Gardner in N.L.Gardner 1917: 377, pl. 33: fig. 3

Published in: Gardner, N.L. (1917). New Pacific coast marine algae I. University of California Publications in Botany 6: 377-416, pls 31-35.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Arthrospira is Arthrospira jenneri Stizenberger ex Gomont.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Limnospira maxima (Setchell & N.L.Gardner) Nowicka-Krawczyk, Mühlsteinová & Hauer

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), largest.

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Usage notes
Often cultivated under the misapplied name "Spirulina platensis" (q.v.), and may have "escaped" in some places (Komárek & Anagnostidis 2005: 346). - (21 May 2013) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a brackish species.

Type information
Type locality: Key Route Power-house, Oakland, California, U.S.A. (Gardner 1917: 377). Holotype: N.L. Gardner 3427; July 1916; floating in abundance among other Cyanophyceae in warm salt water. UC 205698 (Gardner 1917: 377).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Nowicka-Krawczyk, P., Mühlsteinová, R. & & Hauer, T. (2019). Detailed characterization of the Arthrospira type species separating commercially grown taxa into the new genus Limnospira (Cyanobacteria). Scientific Reports 9(694): 1-11, 5 figs.

Key references
Baurain, D., Renquin, L., Grubisic, S., Scheldeman, P., Belay, A. & Wilmotte, A. (2002). Remarkable conservation of internally transcribed spacer sequences of Arthrospira ("Spirulina") (Cyanophyceae, Cyanobacteria) strains from four continents and of recent and 30-year-old dried samples from Africa. Journal of Phycology 38(2): 384-393.

Geitler, L. (1932). Cyanophyceae. In: Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. Ed. 2. (Rabenhorst, L. Eds) Vol. 14, pp. 673-1196, i-[vi]. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft.

Komárek, J. & Anagnostidis, K. (2005). Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Cyanoprokaryota: 2. Teil/2nd Part: Oscillatoriales. Vol. 19 pp. 1-759. München: Elsevier Spektrum Akademischer Verlag.

Komárek, J. & Komárková-Legnerová, J. (2002). Contribution to the knowledge of planktic cyanoprokaryotes from central Mexico. Preslia 74: 207-233.

McGregor, G.B. (2007). Freshwater Cyanoprokaryota of North-Eastern Australia 1: Oscillatoriales. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series Number 24. pp. [i]-vi, [1]-123, 17 figs, 14 pls. Canberra: Australia Biological Resources Study.

Muhling, M., Somerfield, P.J., Harris, N., Belay, A. & Whitton, B.A. (2006). Phenotypic analysis of Arthrospira (Spirulina) strains (cyanobacteria). Phycologia 45: 148-157.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2017). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus I Cyanophyta. pp. [1-8], i-xix, 1-176, pls I-IV. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese]

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 26 January 2019 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3450 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=30167

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 June 2019.

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