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Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Fucales
Family Sargassaceae
Genus Cystoseira

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
Muigh Inis, Co. Galway; intertidal lagoon. 13 Jul 2018. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
subtidal, Ría de Vigo, Galicia, Spain, 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
subtidal, Ría de Vigo, Galicia, Spain, 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
Cystoseira baccata, lower intertidal, North of Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
Cystoseira baccata, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
upper subtidal, Ría de Camariñas, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
upper subtidal, Ría de Camariñas, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
upper subtidal, Ría de Camariñas, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
upper subtidal, Ría de Camariñas, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
upper subtidal, Ría de Camariñas, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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Ectocarpus trichophorus H.Gran

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva upper subtidal, Ría de Camariñas, Galicia, Spain, 2012
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva 1952: 280

Published in: Silva, P.C. (1952). A review of nomenclatural conservation in the algae from the point of view of the type method. University of California Publications in Botany 25: 241-323.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Cystoseira is Cystoseira concatenata (Linnaeus) C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus baccatus S.G.Gmelin

Type information
Type locality: "Scheuelingensi prope Hagam (Schevelingen, Den Haag, The Netherlands) (Gmelin 1768: 90). Type: original illustration

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), berry-like, pulpy (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus baccatus S.G.Gmelin 1768

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus abrotanoides S.G.Gmelin 1768
Fucus fibrosus Hudson 1778
Cystoseira fibrosa (Hudson) C.Agardh 1820
Cystoseira thesiophylla Duby 1830
Phyllacantha fibrosa (S.G.Gmelin) Kützing 1843
Phyllacantha thesiophylla (Duby) Kützing 1860

Distributional notes
Excluded from the Mediterranean flora by Taskin et al (2012: 3) and by Cormaci et al. (2012: 302). - (5 Jun 2012) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva)
English: Bushy Berry Wrack (Bunker et al. 2010).

Description
Plants usually solitary, 1 m or more in length, attached by a thick, conical attaching disc. Axis simple or branched, up to 1 m in length, flattened, about 1 x 0.4 cm in transverse section; apex smooth and surrounded during periods of active growth by incurred young laterals. Lateral branch systems distichous, alternate, radially symmetrical, profusely branched in a repeatedly pinnate fashion and bearing sparse, filiform, occasionally bifurcate appendages on the branches of higher orders; deciduous, leaving decurrent bases which give an irregular, zigzag outline to the axis. Cryptostomata lacking. Aerocysts present in axes of branches of higher order, sometimes in chains; seasonal, particularly numerous in autumn. Receptacles 1-5 cm long, formed from axes of ultimate ramuli, irregularly nodose and bearing simple, filiform appendages.

No distributions recorded
No distributional records for this taxon have been recorded by AlgaeBase to date. Generally, recent national lists or extensive regional or state lists have been employed to give a general indication of distribution.

(as Cystoseira fibrosa (Hudson) C.Agardh)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920), Ireland (Hind 1857, Adams 1907, Adams 1908, Cotton 1912, Newton 1931), Spain (Miranda 1931).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Price, John & Lawson 1978).

Africa: Mauritania (Price, John & Lawson 1978), Morocco (Dangeard 1949).

South-west Asia: Israel (Einav & Israel 2008).

(as Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva)
Europe: Baltic Sea (Nielsen et al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Belgium (Coppejans & Kling 1995), Britain (Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie et al. 2016), Channel Islands (Dixon 1961), France (Coppejans & Kling 1995 , Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954, Loiseaux-de Goër & Noailles 2008), Greece (Haritonidis & Tsekos 1976 , Tsekos & Haritonidis 1977 ), Ireland (Cullinane 1971, Guiry 1978, De Valéra et al. 1979, Morton 1994, Guiry 2012), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983, Stegenga et al. 1997), Portugal (De Mesquita Rodrigues 1963, Ardré 1970, Rull Lluch et al. 1994, Araújo et al. 2006, Araújo et al. 2009, Vizetto-Duarte et al. 2016), Spain (Pérez-Cirera & Maldonado 1982, Fernández & Niell 1982, Fernández, Niell & Anadón 1983, Anadón 1983, Anadón & Fernández 1986, Pérez-Cirera 1989, Fernández, Gutiérrez & Rico 1990, Granja, Cremades & Barbara 1992, Barbara, Cremades & López Rodriguez 1992, Rull Lluch et al. 1994, Bárbara, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1995, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Ribera et al. 1996, Veiga, Cremades & Bárbara 1998, Peña & Bárbara 2002, Gorostiaga et al., 2004, Bárbara et al. 2005, Diaz-Tapia & Bárbara 2005, Sánchez et al 2005, Peña & Bárbara 2006, Martínez-Gil et al. 2007, Peña & Bárbara 2008, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010, Fernández 2011, Diaz Tapia et al. 2011, García-Fernández & Bárbara 2016), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Price, John & Lawson 1978, Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1980, John et al. 2004, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Salvage Islands (Price, John & Lawson 1978, John et al. 2004).

Africa: Mauritania (Price, John & Lawson 1978, John et al. 2004), Western Sahara (Price, John & Lawson 1978, John et al. 2004).

South-west Asia: Israel (Einav & Israel 2008).

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Catra, M., Alongi, G. & Giaccone, G. (2012). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Phaeophyceae. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia 45: 1-508.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Sánchez, I., Fernández, C. & Arrontes, J. (2005). Long-term changes in the structure of intertidal assemblages following invasion by Sargassum muticum (Phaeophyta). Journal of Phycology 41: 942-949.

Taskin, E., Jahn, R., Öztürk, M., Furnari, G. & Cormaci, M. (2012). The Mediterranean Cystoseira (with photographs). pp. [2] 1-75, photographs. Manisa, Turkey: Celar Bayar University.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 26 August 2015 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 16589 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

González-Ballesteros, N., Prado-López, S., Rodríguez-González, J.B., Lastra, M. & Rodríguez-Argüelles, M.C. (2017). Green synthesis of gold nanoparticles using brown algae Cystoseira baccata: Its activity in colon cancer cells. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 153: 190-198.
Roberts, M. (1967). Studies on marine algae of the British Isles 4. Cystoseira baccata (Gmelin) Silva. British Phycological Bulletin 3: 367-378.
Rull Lluch, J., Gómez Garreta, A., Barceló, M.C. & Ribera, M.A. (1994). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. VII. Cystoseira C. Agardh (Grupo C. baccata) y Sargassum C. Agardh (S. muticum y S. vulgare). Botanica Complutensis 19: 131-138.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 February 2019.

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