138,222 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 17,922 images, 51,625 bibliographic items, 260,370 distributional records.

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Laminariales
Family Laminariaceae
Genus Macrocystis

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent
Dixon Island, Barkley Sound, British Columbia, Canada. Colin Bates (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca). © Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca).

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent
Second Beach, Barkley Sound, British Columbia, Canada. Colin Bates (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca). © Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca).

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent
Brady's Beach, Barkley Sound, British Columbia, Canada. Colin Bates (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca). © Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca).

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent
Bamfield, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. 24 Apr 2004. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent
Bamfield, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. 24 Apr 2004. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent
Bamfield, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. 24 Apr 2004. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent
Vancouver Aquarium; with fish. 04 Apr 2004. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent
Vancouver Aquarium. 04 Apr 2004. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent
Vancouver Aquarium; fronds. 04 Apr 2004. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent
Vancouver Aquarium. 04 Apr 2004. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

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29 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent Bamfield, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada; plants on surface at low water

Publication details
Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent 1826: 9

Published in: Bory de Saint-Vincent, J.B.G.M. (1826). Macrocyste. In: Dictionnaire Classique d'Histoire Naturelle. (Audouin, I. et al. Eds) Vol. 10, pp. 8-10. Paris:
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Macrocystis is Macrocystis pyrifera (Linnaeus) C.Agardh.

Status of name
Taxonomic synonym of Macrocystis pyrifera (Linnaeus) C.Agardh

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), with entire leaves.

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent)
English: Small perennial kelp, Giant perennial kelp (McConnaughey 1985).

Type information
Type locality: West coast of South America

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent)
North America: Alaska (Lindstrom 1977, Scagel et al. 1989, Lindeberg & Lindstrom 2010), British Columbia (Scagel et al. 1989, Druehl et al 2005, Lane & Saunders 2005, Lane et al. 2006, McDevit & Saunders 2010), California (Scagel et al. 1989), Oregon (Hansen 1997), Washington (Scagel et al. 1989).

Central America: México (Pacific) (Pedroche et al. 2008).

South America: Chile (Santelices 1989, Ramírez & Santelices 1991, Hoffmann & Santelices 1997, Buschmann et al 2005).

Source of synonymy
Demes, K.W, Graham, M.H. & Suskiewicz, T.S. (2009). Phenotypic plasticity reconciles incongruous molecular and morphological taxonomies: the giant kelp, Macrocystis (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae), is a monospecific genus (note). Journal of Phycology 45(6): 1266-1269.

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Druehl, L.D., Collins, J.D., Lane, C.E. & Saunders, G.W. (2005). An evaluation of methods used to assess intergeneric hybridization in kelp using Pacific Laminariales (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 41: 250-262.

Lane, C.E. & Saunders, G.W. (2005). Molecular investigation reveals epi/endophytic extrageneric kelp (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) gametophytes colonizing Lessoniopsis littoralis thalli. Botanica Marina 48: 426-436.

Lane, C.E., Mayes, C., Druehl, L.D. & Saunders, G.W. (2006). A multi-gene molecular investigation of the kelp (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) supports substantial taxonomic re-organization. Journal of Phycology 42: 493-512.

Lindeberg, M.R. & Lindstrom, S.C. (2010). Field guide to the seaweeds of Alaska. pp. [i-]iii-iv, 1-188, numerous col. photographs. Fairbanks: Alaska Sea Grant College Program.

Macaya, E.C. & Zuccarello, G.C. (2010). DNA barcoding and genetic divergence in the giant kelp Macrocystis (Laminariales). Journal of Phycology 46(4): 736-742.

Macaya, E.C., Boltaña, S., Hinojosa, I.A., Macchiavello, J.E., Valdivia, N.A., Vásquez, N.R., Buschmann, A.H., Vásquez, J.A., Vega, J.M.A. & Thiel, M. (2005). Presence of sporophylls in floating kelp rafts of Macrocystis spp. (Phaeophyceae) along the Chilean Pacific coast. Journal of Phycology 41: 913-922.

Smith, G.M. (1944). Marine algae of the Monterey Peninsula. pp. i-ix, 1-622, 98 pls. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Created: 13 April 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 October 2010 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 12512 times since it was created.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Albright, L.J., Chocair, J., Masuda, K. & Valdés, M. (1980). In situ degradation of the kelps Macrocystis integrifolia and Nereocystis luetkeana in British Columbia coastal waters. Nat. Canad. 107: 3-10.
Cole, K. (1968). Gametophytic development and fertilization in Macrocystis integrifolia. Canadian Journal of Botany 46: 777-782.
Druehl, L.D. & Breen, P.A. (1986). Some ecological effects of harvesting Macrocystis integrifolia. Botanica Marina 29: 97-103.
Druehl, L.D. & Kemp, L. (1982). Morphological and growth responses of geographically isolated Macrocystis integrifolia populations when grown in a common environment. Canadian Journal of Botany 60: 1409-1413.
Druehl, L.D. & Wheeler, W.N. (1986). Population biology of Macrocystis integrifolia from British Columbia, Canada. Marine Biology, Berlin 90: 173-179.
Druehl, L.D. (1979). An enhancement scheme for Macrocystis integrifolia (Phaeophyceae). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 9: 79-84.
Englar, J. R., Whyte, J. N. C. & Kung, M. (1979). Effects of drying on the alginate component of Nereocystis luetkeana and Macrocystis integrifolia (Phaeophyceae). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 9: 319-327.
Fain, S. R. & Druehl, L. D. (1984). Isolation and characterization of the chloroplast DNA of Macrocystis integrifolia. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 11: 603-605.
Hurd, C.L., Durante, K.M. & Harrison, P.J. (2001 '2000'). Influence of bryozoan colonization on the physiology of the kelp Macrocystis integrifolia (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) from nitrogen-rich and -poor sites in Barkley Sound, British Columbia, Canada. Phycologia 39: 435-440.
Lobban, C.S. (1978). Translocation of 14C in Macrocystis integrifolia (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 14: 178-182.
Macaya, E. & Thiel, M. (2008). In situ tests on inducible defenses in Dictyota kunthii and Macrocystis integrifolia (Phaeophyceae) from the Chilean coast. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 354: 28-38.
Rosell, K.-G. & Srivastava, L.M. (1984). Seasonal variation in the chemical constituents of the brown algae Macrocystis integrifolia and Nereocystis luetkeana. Canadian Journal of Botany 62: 2229-2236.
Rosell, K.-G. & Srivastava, L.M. (1985). Seasonal variations in total nitrogen, carbon and amino acids in Macrocystis integrifolia and Nereocystis luetkeana (Phaeophyta). Journal of Phycology 21: 304-309, 4 figs, 4 tables.
Schmitz, K. & Srivastava, L.M. (1979). Long distance transport in Macrocystis integrifolia. I. Translocation of 14C-labeled assimilates. Plant Physiology 63: 995-1002.
Schmitz, K. & Srivastava, L.M. (1979). Long distance transport in Macrocystis integrifolia. II. Tracer experiments with 14C and 32P. Plant Physiology 63: 1003-1009.
Schmitz, K. & Srivastava, L.M. (1980). Long distance transport in Macrocystis integrifolia. III. Movement of THO. Plant Physiology 66: 66-69.
Shih, M.L., Floc'h, J.-Y. & Srivastava, L.M. (1983). Localization of 14C-labelled assimilates in sieve elements of Macrocystis integrifolia by historadiography. Canadian Journal of Botany 61: 157-163.
Smith, R.G., Wheeler, W.N. & Srivastava, L.M. (1983). Seasonal photosynthetic performance of Macrocystis integrifolia (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 19: 352-359.
Stekoll, M. S. & Else, P. V. (1990). Cultivation of Macrocystis integrifolia (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in southeastern Alaskan waters. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 445-451.
Stekoll, M.S. & Else, P.V. (1990). Cultivation of Macrocystis integrifolia (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in southeastern Alaskan waters. Hydrobiologia 204/205: 445-451.
Wheeler, W.N. & Druehl, L.D. (1986). Seasonal growth and productivity of Macrocystis integrifolia in British Columbia, Canada. Marine Biology, Berlin 90: 181-186.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2014. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 November 2014.

Algaebase taxon LSID: No taxonomy record found for this level.

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