136,204 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 17,639 images, 51,182 bibliographic items, 254,266 distributional records.

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Laminariales
Family Laminariaceae
Genus Macrocystis

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent
Dixon Island, Barkley Sound, British Columbia, Canada. Colin Bates (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca). © Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca).

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent
Second Beach, Barkley Sound, British Columbia, Canada. Colin Bates (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca). © Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca).

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent
Brady's Beach, Barkley Sound, British Columbia, Canada. Colin Bates (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca). © Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca).

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent
Bamfield, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. 24 Apr 2004. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent
Bamfield, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. 24 Apr 2004. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent
Bamfield, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. 24 Apr 2004. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent
Vancouver Aquarium; with fish. 04 Apr 2004. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent
Vancouver Aquarium. 04 Apr 2004. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent
Vancouver Aquarium; fronds. 04 Apr 2004. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent
Vancouver Aquarium. 04 Apr 2004. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

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29 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent Bamfield, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada; plants on surface at low water

Publication details
Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent 1826: 9

Original publication: Bory de Saint-Vincent, J.B.G.M. (1826). Macrocyste. In: Dictionnaire Classique d'Histoire Naturelle. (Audouin, I. et al. Eds) Vol. 10, pp. 8-10. Paris:
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Macrocystis is Macrocystis pyrifera (Linnaeus) C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a taxonomic synonym of Macrocystis pyrifera (Linnaeus) C.Agardh

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), with entire leaves.

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent)
English: Small perennial kelp, Giant perennial kelp (McConnaughey 1985).

Type information
Type locality: West coast of South America

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Macrocystis integrifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent)
North America: Alaska (Lindstrom 1977, Scagel et al. 1989, Lindeberg & Lindstrom 2010), British Columbia (Scagel et al. 1989, Druehl et al 2005, Lane & Saunders 2005, Lane et al. 2006, McDevit & Saunders 2010), California (Scagel et al. 1989), Oregon (Hansen 1997), Washington (Scagel et al. 1989).

Central America: México (Pacific) (Pedroche et al. 2008).

South America: Chile (Santelices 1989, Ramírez & Santelices 1991, Hoffmann & Santelices 1997, Buschmann et al 2005).

Source of synonymy
Demes, K.W, Graham, M.H. & Suskiewicz, T.S. (2009). Phenotypic plasticity reconciles incongruous molecular and morphological taxonomies: the giant kelp, Macrocystis (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae), is a monospecific genus (note). Journal of Phycology 45(6): 1266-1269.

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Druehl, L.D., Collins, J.D., Lane, C.E. & Saunders, G.W. (2005). An evaluation of methods used to assess intergeneric hybridization in kelp using Pacific Laminariales (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 41: 250-262.

Lane, C.E. & Saunders, G.W. (2005). Molecular investigation reveals epi/endophytic extrageneric kelp (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) gametophytes colonizing Lessoniopsis littoralis thalli. Botanica Marina 48: 426-436.

Lane, C.E., Mayes, C., Druehl, L.D. & Saunders, G.W. (2006). A multi-gene molecular investigation of the kelp (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) supports substantial taxonomic re-organization. Journal of Phycology 42: 493-512.

Lindeberg, M.R. & Lindstrom, S.C. (2010). Field guide to the seaweeds of Alaska. pp. [i-]iii-iv, 1-188, numerous col. photographs. Fairbanks: Alaska Sea Grant College Program.

Macaya, E.C. & Zuccarello, G.C. (2010). DNA barcoding and genetic divergence in the giant kelp Macrocystis (Laminariales). Journal of Phycology 46(4): 736-742.

Macaya, E.C., Boltaña, S., Hinojosa, I.A., Macchiavello, J.E., Valdivia, N.A., Vásquez, N.R., Buschmann, A.H., Vásquez, J.A., Vega, J.M.A. & Thiel, M. (2005). Presence of sporophylls in floating kelp rafts of Macrocystis spp. (Phaeophyceae) along the Chilean Pacific coast. Journal of Phycology 41: 913-922.

Smith, G.M. (1944). Marine algae of the Monterey Peninsula. pp. i-ix, 1-622, 98 pls. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

SAG Cultures
SAG Cultures may be viewed at http://sagdb.uni-goettingen.de/showstrains.php?genus=Macrocystis&species=integrifolia

SCCAP Cultures
Cultures from the Scandinavian Culture Collection of Algae at the University of Copenhagen (SCCAP) and Protozoa may be viewed at http://www.sccap.dk/search/algaebase.asp?Genus=Macrocystis&Species=integrifolia

NCBI Nucleotide Sequences

Created: 13 April 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 October 2010 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 12336 times since it was created.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Albright, L.J., Chocair, J., Masuda, K. & Valdés, M. (1980). In situ degradation of the kelps Macrocystis integrifolia and Nereocystis luetkeana in British Columbia coastal waters. Nat. Canad. 107: 3-10.
Cole, K. (1968). Gametophytic development and fertilization in Macrocystis integrifolia. Canadian Journal of Botany 46: 777-782.
Druehl, L.D. & Breen, P.A. (1986). Some ecological effects of harvesting Macrocystis integrifolia. Botanica Marina 29: 97-103.
Druehl, L.D. & Kemp, L. (1982). Morphological and growth responses of geographically isolated Macrocystis integrifolia populations when grown in a common environment. Canadian Journal of Botany 60: 1409-1413.
Druehl, L.D. & Wheeler, W.N. (1986). Population biology of Macrocystis integrifolia from British Columbia, Canada. Marine Biology, Berlin 90: 173-179.
Druehl, L.D. (1979). An enhancement scheme for Macrocystis integrifolia (Phaeophyceae). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 9: 79-84.
Englar, J. R., Whyte, J. N. C. & Kung, M. (1979). Effects of drying on the alginate component of Nereocystis luetkeana and Macrocystis integrifolia (Phaeophyceae). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 9: 319-327.
Fain, S. R. & Druehl, L. D. (1984). Isolation and characterization of the chloroplast DNA of Macrocystis integrifolia. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 11: 603-605.
Hurd, C.L., Durante, K.M. & Harrison, P.J. (2001 '2000'). Influence of bryozoan colonization on the physiology of the kelp Macrocystis integrifolia (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) from nitrogen-rich and -poor sites in Barkley Sound, British Columbia, Canada. Phycologia 39: 435-440.
Lobban, C.S. (1978). Translocation of 14C in Macrocystis integrifolia (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 14: 178-182.
Macaya, E. & Thiel, M. (2008). In situ tests on inducible defenses in Dictyota kunthii and Macrocystis integrifolia (Phaeophyceae) from the Chilean coast. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 354: 28-38.
Rosell, K.-G. & Srivastava, L.M. (1984). Seasonal variation in the chemical constituents of the brown algae Macrocystis integrifolia and Nereocystis luetkeana. Canadian Journal of Botany 62: 2229-2236.
Rosell, K.-G. & Srivastava, L.M. (1985). Seasonal variations in total nitrogen, carbon and amino acids in Macrocystis integrifolia and Nereocystis luetkeana (Phaeophyta). Journal of Phycology 21: 304-309, 4 figs, 4 tables.
Schmitz, K. & Srivastava, L.M. (1979). Long distance transport in Macrocystis integrifolia. I. Translocation of 14C-labeled assimilates. Plant Physiology 63: 995-1002.
Schmitz, K. & Srivastava, L.M. (1979). Long distance transport in Macrocystis integrifolia. II. Tracer experiments with 14C and 32P. Plant Physiology 63: 1003-1009.
Schmitz, K. & Srivastava, L.M. (1980). Long distance transport in Macrocystis integrifolia. III. Movement of THO. Plant Physiology 66: 66-69.
Shih, M.L., Floc'h, J.-Y. & Srivastava, L.M. (1983). Localization of 14C-labelled assimilates in sieve elements of Macrocystis integrifolia by historadiography. Canadian Journal of Botany 61: 157-163.
Smith, R.G., Wheeler, W.N. & Srivastava, L.M. (1983). Seasonal photosynthetic performance of Macrocystis integrifolia (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 19: 352-359.
Stekoll, M. S. & Else, P. V. (1990). Cultivation of Macrocystis integrifolia (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in southeastern Alaskan waters. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 445-451.
Stekoll, M.S. & Else, P.V. (1990). Cultivation of Macrocystis integrifolia (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in southeastern Alaskan waters. Hydrobiologia 204/205: 445-451.
Wheeler, W.N. & Druehl, L.D. (1986). Seasonal growth and productivity of Macrocystis integrifolia in British Columbia, Canada. Marine Biology, Berlin 90: 181-186.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=b83eadfc98eb8dcd2

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2014. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 September 2014.

Algaebase taxon LSID: No taxonomy record found for this level.

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