Caulerpa taxifolia var. distichophylla (Sonder) , & Procaccini
Caulerpa taxifolia var. distichophylla (Sonder) Verlaque, Huisman & Procaccini Charaki, off the east coast of Rhodes at 15 m depth
Caulerpa taxifolia var. distichophylla (Sonder) Verlaque, Huisman & Procaccini in Jongma et al. 2013: 36, figs 1, 2-8
Published in: Jongma, D.N., Campo, D., Dattolo, E., D'Esposito, D., Duchi, A., Grewe, P., Huisman, J., Verlaque, M., Yokes, M.B. & Procaccini, G. (2013). Identity and origin of a slender Caulerpa taxifolia strain introduced into the Mediterranean Sea. Botanica Marina 56(1): 27-39.
Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Caulerpa distichophylla Sonder
Type locality: Western Australia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 818). Holotype: Preiss; MEL 503814 (Womersley 1984: 258). Notes: According to Womersley (1984:258) the type locality is probably near Fremantle.
Caulerpa tenella Harvey 1855
This species has been introduced into the Mediterranean (Verlaque et al. 2015: 261), apparently by aquarium trade activity and shipping, being first found in the Gulf of Iskenderum, Turkey in 2006. It is now found in Cyprus, Turkey, and Sicily. - (6 Nov 2015) - M.D. Guiry
Cormaci, Furnari & Alongi (2014: 236) reamark: "According to Famà et al. (2002), the phylogeny based on tufA sequences shows that "... C. distichophylla is a sister taxon of C. taxifolia suggesting that they may represent morphotypes of a single species". However, Jongma et al. (2013) considering: i. the unequivocal and stable morphological differences between Caulerpa distichophylla and C. taxifolia (i.e., a slender thallus with frequent short rhizoidal pillars vs. a large thallus with spaced long rhizoidal pillars); ii. no overlapping between diagnostic characters, iii. the absence of intermediate forms, iv. the stable single nucleotide polymorphism in the tuf A region and v. the absence of C. taxifolia in the major part of its native region (southern sector of Western Australia)...", concluded that C. distichophylla Sonder is distinct at varietal level from C. taxifolia." - (15 Jul 2015) - M.D. Guiry
This is a marine species.
Detailed distribution with sources
(as Caulerpa distichophylla Sonder)
South-west Asia: Turkey (Asia) (Turan et al. 2011 ).
Pacific Islands: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013).
Belton, G.S., Huisman, J.M. & Gurgel, C.F.D. (2015). Caulerpaceae. In: Algae of Australia: marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 1. Green and brown algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 75-102. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.
Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.
Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. -362, many photograph and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.
Created: 17 April 2013 by Wendy Guiry
Verified by: 06 November 2015 by M.D. Guiry
Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1078 times since it was created.
Verification of data
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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)
Musco, L., Andaloro, F., Mikac, B., Mirto, S., Vega Fernandez, T., & Badalamenti, F, (2014). Concern about the spread of the invader seaweed Caulerpa taxifolia var. distichophylla (Chlorophyta: Caulerpales) towards the West Mediterranean. Mediterranean Marine Science 15(3): 532-538.
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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 April 2018.