150,715 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,476 images, 58,060 bibliographic items, 381,741 distributional records.

Plocamium cartilagineum (Linnaeus) P.S.Dixon

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Plocamiales
Family Plocamiaceae
Genus Plocamium

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Plocamium cartilagineum (Linnaeus) P.S.Dixon
Cabo de Palos, Murcia, Spain. 08 Oct 2014. Isabel Rubio Perez. © marmenormarmayor.es.

Plocamium cartilagineum (Linnaeus) P.S.Dixon
Cabo de Palos, Murcia, Spain. 14 Sep 2014. Isabel Rubio Perez. © marmenormarmayor.es.

Plocamium cartilagineum (Linnaeus) P.S.Dixon
Collected near Roscoff (F), December 1984. 29 Dec 2011. Elmar Wosnitza. © Christine Wosnitza.

Plocamium cartilagineum (Linnaeus) P.S.Dixon
Madeira. Peter Wirtz. © Peter Wirtz (peterwirtz2004@yahoo.com ).

Plocamium cartilagineum (Linnaeus) P.S.Dixon
Cape Griz Nez France; Saunders GWS000254. 21 Aug 1997. Gary Saunders . © Gary Saunders (gws@unb.ca).

Plocamium cartilagineum (Linnaeus) P.S.Dixon
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; fronds at low water. 22 Mar 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Plocamium cartilagineum (Linnaeus) P.S.Dixon
New Quay, Co. Clare, Ireland; plants at MLWS. 29 Mar 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Plocamium cartilagineum (Linnaeus) P.S.Dixon
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland; lower-shore rocks; apices, some with tetrasporangia. 11 Aug 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Plocamium cartilagineum (Linnaeus) P.S.Dixon
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland; lower-shore rocks. 11 Aug 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Plocamium cartilagineum (Linnaeus) P.S.Dixon
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland; lower-shore rocks epiphytic on corallines; a smaller entity that may be new. 11 Aug 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

1  2  Next

12 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Publication details
Plocamium cartilagineum (Linnaeus) P.S.Dixon 1967: 58

Published in: Dixon, P.S. (1967). The typification of Fucus cartilagineus L. and F. corneus Huds. Blumea 15: 55-62.
 Download PDF

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Plocamium is Plocamium vulgare J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus cartilagineus Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: "In Oceano australiore" (but probably northern Europe) (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 340). Lectotype: L 910, 184...14 (Womersley 1994: 389). Notes: This type locality was first recorded by Dixon (1967: 55-57). Northern Europe (Womersley 1994: 389).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), cartilaginous, flexible but firm and tough (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus cartilagineus Linnaeus 1753
Gelidium cartilagineum (Linnaeus) Gaillon 1828

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus plocamium S.G.Gmelin 1768
Fucus coccineus Hudson 1778
Nereidea coccinea (Hudson) Stackhouse 1809
Plocamium vulgare J.V.Lamouroux 1813
Delesseria coccinea (Hudson) C.Agardh 1817
Plocamium coccineum Lyngbye 1819
Plocamium coccineum var. subtile Lyngbye 1819
Ellisius coccinea (Hudson) S.F.Gray 1821
Delesseria plocamium var. uncinata C.Agardh 1822
Delesseria plocamium C.Agardh 1822
Asperocaulon coccineum (Hudson) Greville 1824
Plocamium coccineum var. uncinatum (C.Agardh) J.Agardh 1842
Plocamium coccineum var. subtile Kützing 1843
Plocamium pusillum Sonder 1845
Plocamium coccineum f. uncinatum (C.Agardh) J.Agardh 1852
Plocamium angustum var. pusillum (Sonder) Harvey 1863
Plocamium subtile Kützing 1866
Plocamium uncinatum (C.Agardh) Kützing 1866
Plocamium coccineum f. binderianum (Kützing) Hauck 1883
Plocamium cartilagineum var. uncinatum (C.Agardh) Guiry ex Benhissoune et al. 2002
Plocamium cartilagineum var. uncinatum (C.Agardh) M.J.Wynne 2002

Taxonomic notes
The concept of Plocamium cartilagineum world-wide has been altered considerably by Saunders & Lehmkuhl (2005). It is clear from sequence data that reports of this essentially north-eastern Atlantic species, which occurs mainly in the subtidal and grows epiphytically on other species, are likely to represent other species of the genus. Even in the north-eastern Atlantic, the authors have shown that four species, namely P. cartilagineum sensu stricto, P. subtile (q.v.), P. nanum (q.v.) and P. maggsiae were passing under the name Plocamium cartilagineum. Many of the species called P. cartilagineum in the Pacific and Australasia represent different entities, some of which may be undescribed.

Distributional notes
Records for Denmark and Faeroe I. consist of drift material (Saunders & Lehmkuhl, 2005). - (22 Aug 2006) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
Subtidal species (Cremades et al. 2011). - (30 Jun 2011) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Plocamium coccineum Lyngbye)
English: Cockscomb (Dickinson 1963).

(as Plocamium subtile Kützing)
English: Sparsely Branched Cock's Comb (Bunker et al. 2010).

(as Plocamium cartilagineum (Linnaeus) P.S.Dixon)
English: Cock's Comb (Bunker et al. 2010).

Description
Narrow, compressed, cartilaginous, bright scarlet fronds, to 300 mm long, tufted, much divided. Branching irregularly alternate, pinnules alternately secund in twos to fives, with acute apices, lowest of each set a simple spur, others increasingly strongly pectinate.

Habitat
Temperate seas throughout the world; found on coasts of strong to moderate wave action and known from depths of 2-26 m (Womersley 1994: 389). Growing on Laminaria hyperborea stipes and on other larger algae; mainly subtidal, abundant, widely distributed, often washed ashore in quantity.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Fucus coccineus Hudson)
Europe: Ireland (Tighe 1803), Spain (Roxas Clemente y Rubio 1807).

(as Plocamium vulgare J.V.Lamouroux)
Europe: France (Augier, Boudouresque & Laborel 1971), Ireland (Parkes & Scannell 1969), Italy (Giaccone 1969, Cinelli 1971, Feoli & Bressan 1972, Cinelli et al. 1976).

(as Plocamium coccineum Lyngbye)
Europe: Balearic Islands (Rodríguez y Femenías 1889, Bellón 1921, Navarro & Bellón 1945), Britain (Newton 1931, Cremades et al. 2011), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920, Dixon 1961), France (Cremades et al. 2011), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954), Ireland (Cotton 1912, Cotton 1913), Norway (Cremades et al. 2011), Portugal (Ardré 1970), Spain (Lázaro Ibiza 1889, Sauvageau 1897, Bellón 1921, Hamel 1928, Miranda 1931, Bellón 1940, Bellón 1942, Seoane-Camba 1957, Fischer-Piette, C. & Seoane-Camba, J. (1962), Seoane-Camba 1965, Cremades et al. 2011), Sweden (Kylin 1907, Kylin 1944), Turkey (Europe) (Güven & Öztig 1971).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Børgesen 1929).

North America: Alaska (Saunders 1901).

South America: Brazil (Taylor 1930), Tierra del Fuego (Kylin & Skottsberg 1919).

Africa: Morocco (Dangeard 1949).

Australia and New Zealand: Campbell Island (Levring 1945 ), Stewart Island/Rakiura (Levring 1945 ).

Antarctic and the subantarctic islands: Antarctic Peninsula (Lamb & Zimmermann 1977), Antarctica/Subantarctic Islands (Papenfuss 1964), Graham Land (Dawson 1941).

(as Gelidium cartilagineum (Linnaeus) Gaillon)
Africa: Mauritius (Børgesen 1943).

(as Plocamium coccineum var. uncinatum (C.Agardh) J.Agardh)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931).

Africa: Morocco (Dangeard 1949).

Asia: Korea (Lee & Kang 2001).

(as Plocamium subtile Kützing)
Europe: France (Saunders & Lehmkuhl 2005, Anon. 2017), Ireland (Saunders & Lehmkuhl 2005).

(as Plocamium uncinatum (C.Agardh) Kützing)
Asia: Korea (Lee 2008), Russia (Far East) (Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014).

(as Plocamium cartilagineum (Linnaeus) P.S.Dixon)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Curiel et al. 2012), Apulia (Bottalico et al. 2016), Balearic Islands (Ribera Siguán 1983, Ribera Siguán & Gómez Garreta 1984, Joher et al. 2012), Baltic Sea (Nielsen et al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Britain (Dixon & Irvine 1977, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Saunders & Lehmkuhl 2005, Saunders & Lehmkuhl 2005, Marconi et al. 2011, Flewelling et al. 2013, Brodie et al. 2016, Bunker et al. 2017), Corsica (Boudouresque & Perret 1977, Demoulin, Janssen & Licot 1980, Verlaque 1984, Sales & Ballesteros 2010), Denmark (Saunders & Lehmkuhl 2005), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982, Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001, Saunders & Lehmkuhl 2005, Saunders & Lehmkuhl 2005), France (Ben Maiz, Boudouresque, Lauret & Riouall 1988, Coppejans & Kling 1995, Verlaque 2001, Saunders & Lehmkuhl 2005, Saunders & Lehmkuhl 2005, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Zubia et al. 2009, Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Loiseaux-de Goër & Noailles 2008), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974, Haritonidis & Tsekos 1976, Athanasiadis 1987), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (Cullinane 1971, Guiry 1978, De Valéra et al. 1979, Maggs 1983, Whelan & Cullinane 1985, Morton 1994, Saunders & Lehmkuhl 2005, Saunders & Lehmkuhl 2005, Guiry 2012, Bunker et al. 2017), Isla de Alborán (Conde & Flores Moya 2000), Italy (Edwards et al. 1975, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003, Serio et al 2006), Malta (Cormaci et al. 1997), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983, Stegenga et al. 1997), Norway (Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001, Saunders & Lehmkuhl 2005, Saunders & Lehmkuhl 2005), Pelagean Islands (Alongi et al. 2012), Portugal (Araujo et al. 2005, Araújo et al. 2009, Lopes et al. 2011), Sardinia (Furnari et al. 2003), Sicily (Alongi et al. 2012), Spain (Ballesteros 1981, Pérez-Cirera & Maldonado 1982, Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Barcelo & Seoane 1982, Gallardo & Pérez-Cirera 1982, Fernández & Niell 1982, Fernández, Niell & Anadón 1983, Boisset & Barceló 1984, Pérez-Ruzafa & Honrubia 1984, Gallardo et al. 1985, Anadón & Fernández 1986, Rodriguez Prieto & Polo Alberti 1988, Soto & Conde 1989, Barbara, Cremades & López Rodriguez 1992, Flores-Moya et al. 1994, Bárbara, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1995, Conde et al. 1996, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Rodríguez-Prieto & Polo, L. 1996, Rodriguez-Prieto et al. 1997, Veiga, Cremades & Bárbara 1998, Rodriguez-Prieto & Polo Albertí 1998, No Couto 2001, Peña & Bárbara 2002, Valenzuela Miranda 2002, Gorostiaga et al., 2004, Bárbara et al. 2004, Bárbara et al. 2005, Diaz-Tapia & Bárbara 2005, Peña & Bárbara 2006, Martínez-Gil et al. 2007, Pena & Bárbara 2008, Peña & Bárbara 2008, de los Santos, Pérez-Lloréns & Vergara 2009, Mercado et al. 2009, Esteban et al. 2009, Peña & Bárbara 2010, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010, Hernández et al. 2010, Diaz Tapia et al. 2011), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016), Turkey (Europe) (Cirik, Zeybeck, Aysel & Cirik 1990, Taskin et al. 2008 ).

Atlantic Islands: Ascension (John et al. 2004), Azores (Neto 1994, Tittley & Neto 1994), Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1980, Viera-Rodriguez et al. 1987, Gil-Rodriguez, Afonso-Carrillo & Wildpret de la Torre 1987, Ballesteros, Sansón, Reyes, Afonso-Carrillo & Gil-Rodríguez 1992, Lawson et al. 1995, Guadalupe et al. 1995, Haroun et al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John et al. 2004, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Cape Verde Islands (John et al. 2004, Prud'homme van Reine, Haroun & Kostermans 2005), Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972), Madeira (Levring 1974, Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001, John et al. 2004), Salvage Islands (Audiffred & Weisscher 1984, John et al. 2004).

North America: Alaska (Scagel et al. 1989 , Mondragon & Mondragon 2003 ), Baja California (Mondragon & Mondragon 2003 ), British Columbia (Scagel et al. 1989, Saunders & Lehmkuhl 2005 ), California (Abbott & Hollenberg 1976 , Scagel et al. 1989 , Stewart 1991 , Spalding, Foster & Heine, 2003), Mexico (Castaneda-Fernández de Lara et al. 2010 ), Oregon (Hansen 1997, Saunders & Lehmkuhl 2005 ), Washington (Scagel et al. 1989 , Murru & Sandgren 2004 ).

South America: Chile (Santelices 1989 , Ramírez & Santelices 1991 , Hoffmann & Santelices 1997 ), Galápagos Islands (Ruiz & Ziemmeck 2011 ), Peru (Ramírez & Santelices 1991 ), Venezuela (Ganesan 1990 ).

Africa: Egypt (Aleem 1993), Mauritania (John et al. 2004), Mauritius (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996 ), Mediterranean Sea (Altamirano et al. 2010), Morocco (Gil-Rodriguez & Socorro Hernández 1986), Namibia (Rull Lluch 2002 , John et al. 2004 ), Senegal (John et al. 2004), Spanish North Africa (González García, Paredes Ruiz & Enrique Mirón 2017), Tunisia (Meñez & Mathieson 1981, Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987), Western Sahara (John et al. 2004).

South-west Asia: Oman (Wynne & Jupp 1998 ), Pakistan (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996 ), Turkey (Asia) (Taskin et al. 2008 ).

Asia: Japan (Yoshida 1998 , Yano et al. 2004 , Saunders & Lehmkuhl 2005 , Yano et al. 2006, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015), Korea (Lee 2008 ).

Australia and New Zealand: Chatham Islands (Chapman 1979 ), Lord Howe Island (Lewis 1984 , Millar & Kraft 1993 ), New South Wales (Millar & Kraft 1993 , Womersley 1994 , Huisman 2000 ), New Zealand (Chapman 1979 , Adams 1994, Rodriguez-Prieto et al. 2011 , Cremades et al. 2011 , Nelson 2012 ), Queensland (Lewis 1984 ), South Australia (Womersley 1994 , Huisman 2000 , Cremades et al. 2011 ), Stewart Island/Rakiura (Rodriguez-Prieto et al. 2011 ), Tasmania (Womersley 1994 , Huisman 2000 ), Victoria (Womersley 1994 , Huisman 2000 , Saunders & Lehmkuhl 2005 , Shepherd et al. 2009 ), Western Australia (Huisman & Walker 1990 , Womersley 1994 , Huisman 2000 ).

Pacific Islands: Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996 , South & Skelton 2003 ), French Polynesia (Payri, N'Yeurt & Orempuller 2000 ).

Antarctic and the subantarctic islands: Antarctic Peninsula (Peters et al 2005 , Amsler et al. 2005, Hommersand et al. 2009 ), Antarctica/Subantarctic Islands (Wiencke & Clayton 2002 ), Anvers Island (Amsler, Rowley, Laur, Quetin & Ross 1995 , Aumack et al. 2010 ), King George Island (Al-Handal & Wulff 2008), South Shetland Islands (Gallardo, Pérez-Ruzafa, Flores-Moya & Conde 1999 , Quartino et al. 2005).

(as Plocamium cartilagineum var. uncinatum (C.Agardh) Guiry ex Benhissoune et al.)
Europe: Corsica (Coppejans 1979), Spain (Gallardo et al. 1985).

(as Plocamium cartilagineum var. uncinatum (C.Agardh) M.J.Wynne)
Europe: France (Anon. 2017).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Boo, S.M. & Ko, Y.D. (2012). Marine plants from Korea. pp. [1] 5-233, many col. photographs. Seoul: Marine & Extreme Genome Research Centre Program.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cremades, J., Barreiro, R., Maneiro, I. & Saunders, G.W. (2011). A new taxonomic interpretation of the type of Plocamium cartilagineum (Plocamiales, Florideophyceae) and its consequences. European Journal of Phycology 46(2): 125-142.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Saunders, G.W. & Lehmkuhl, K.V. (2005). Molecular divergence and morphological diversity among four cryptic species of Plocamium (Plocamiales, Florideophyceae) in northern Europe. European Journal of Phycology 40: 293-312.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1994). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIA - Bangiophyceae and Florideophyceae (Acrochaetiales, Nemaliales, Gelidiales, Hildenbrandiales and Gigartinales sensu lato). pp. 1-508, 167 figs, 4 pls, 4 maps. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Yano, T., Kamiya, M., Arai, S. & Kawai, H. (2004). Morphological homoplasy in Japanese Plocamium species (Plocamiales, Rhodophyta) inferred from the Rubisco spacer sequence and intracellular acidity. Phycologia 43: 383-393, 11 figs, 2 tables.

Yano, T., Kamiya, M., Murikami, A., Sasaki, H. & Kawai, H. (2006). Biochemical phenotypes corresponding to molecular phylogeny of the red alga Plocamium (Plocamiales, Rhodophyta): implications of incongruence with the conventional taxonomy. Journal of Phycology 42: 155-169.

Created: 30 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 07 February 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 20491 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Barrow, K.D. & Temple, C.A. (1985). Biosynthesis of halogenated monoterpenes in Plocamium cartilagineum. Phytochemistry 24: 1697-1704.
Cremades, J., Barreiro, R., Maneiro, I. & Saunders, G.W. (2011). A new taxonomic interpretation of the type of Plocamium cartilagineum (Plocamiales, Florideophyceae) and its consequences. European Journal of Phycology 46(2): 125-142.
Cremades, J., Maneiro, I. & Barreiro, R. (2009). Consecuencias de la nueva interpretación taxonómica del tipo de Plocamium cartilagineum (Plocamiales, Florideophyceae). Algas, Bol. Soc. Esp. Ficología 42: 5-6.
Kain (Jones), J.M. (1984). Plocamium cartilagineum in the Isle of Man: why are there so many tetrasporophytes?. British Phycological Journal 19: 195.
Kain (Jones), J.M. (1986). Seasonal growth of Plocamium cartilagineum and inhibition by high light. British Phycological Journal 21: 331.
Kain (Jones), J.M. (1987). Seasonal growth and photoinhibition in Plocamium cartilagineum (Rhodophyta) off the Isle of Man. Phycologia 26: 88-99.
Konig, G.M., Wright, A.D. & Sticher, O. (1990). A new polyhalogenated monoterpene from the red alga Plocamium cartilagineum. J Nat Prod-Lloydia 53(6): 1615-1618.
König, G.M., Wright, A.D. & Sticher, O. (1990). A new polyhalogenated monoterpene from the red alga Plocamium cartilagineum. Journal of Natural Products 53: 1615-1618.
Rovirosa, J., Moena, J. & San-Martín, A. (1988). Two chemical types of the red alga Plocamium cartilagineum. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 16: 593-595.
San-Martín, A. & Rovirosa, J. (1986). Variations in the halogenated monoterpene metabolites of Plocamium cartilagineum of the Chilean coast. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 14: 459-461.
Sanmartin, A., Negrete, R. & Rovirosa, J. (1991). Insecticide and acaricide activities of polyhalogenated monoterpenes from Chilean Plocamium cartilagineum. Phytochemistry 30(7): 2165-2169.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=W5f9325111f407763

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 February 2018.

Back to search results or Search again

SITE © 1996 - 2018 M.D. Guiry. All rights reserved.

Website Design : 249 Design Studio