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Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Ectocarpales
Family Chordariaceae
Genus Leathesia

Pictures

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Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne
Cape Clear Island, Co. Cork, Ireland. 24 Jun 2015. Ger Morgan. © Ger Morgan.

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne
Cape of Good Hope, Cape Peninsula, South Africa. 18 Nov 2009. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne
Cape of Good Hope, Cape Peninsula, South Africa. 18 Nov 2009. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne
Mid-tidal zone, Bamfield, B.C. 24 Oct 2014. Bridgette Clarkston. © 2014 Bridgette Clarkston.

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne
Leathesia marina, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne
Leathesia marina, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne
Leathesia marina, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne
Laminaria ochroleuca with Phyllariopsis brevipes subsp. pseudopurpurascens, subtidal (5 m), Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne
Peter the Great Bay, Russia. 27 Mar 2012. Oksana Belous. © Oksana Belous (ksu_bio@mail.ru).

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne
Peter the Great Bay, Russia. 27 Mar 2012. Oksana Belous. © Oksana Belous (ksu_bio@mail.ru).

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31 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Botryocladia beaudettei E.Y.Dawson

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne Mid-tidal zone, Bamfield, B.C

Publication details
Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne 1842: 370

Published in: Decaisne, J. (1842). Essais sur une classification des algues et des polypiers calcifères de Lamouroux. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique, Seconde série 17: 297-380, pls 14-17.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Leathesia is Leathesia tuberiformis S.F.Gray.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Chaetophora marina Lyngbye

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), growing in the sea (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Chaetophora marina Lyngbye 1819

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Tremella difformis Linnaeus 1755
Rivularia tuberiformis Smith 1809
Nostoc marinum C.Agardh 1810
Leathesia tuberiformis S.F.Gray 1821
Clavatella nostoc-marina Bory 1823
Corynephora marina (C.Agardh) C.Agardh 1824
Nostoc mesentericum C.Agardh 1824
Clavatella difformis (Linaeus) Fries 1835
Leathesia difformis Areschoug 1847
Leathesia difformis var. tingitana Schousboe ex Bornet 1892
Leathesia nana Setchell & N.L.Gardner 1924
Leathesia amplissima Setchell & N.L.Gardner 1924

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Leathesia difformis Areschoug)
English: Sea Cauliflower (Mondragon & Mondragon 2003), Punctured Ball Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Gaeilge: Bolgán (Brennan 1950), Bolgach (Anonymous 1978).

Japanese: Nebarimo (Tokida 1954).

Swedish: Murkelalg (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Tremella difformis Linnaeus)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Nostoc marinum C.Agardh)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Chaetophora marina Lyngbye)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Leathesia tuberiformis S.F.Gray)
Europe: Ireland (Cotton 1912, Cotton 1913).

Asia: Japan (Holmes 1896), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Corynephora marina (C.Agardh) C.Agardh)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Nostoc mesentericum C.Agardh)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Clavatella difformis (Linaeus) Fries)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne)
Arctic: White Sea (Smirnova & Mikhailova 2013).

Europe: Baltic Sea (Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Britain (Brodie et al. 2016), France (Anon. 2012), Ireland (Guiry 2012), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Afonso-Carrillo 2014).

North America: Alaska (Lindeberg & Lindstrom 2010), California (Miller 2012, Miller 2012, Augyte & Shaughnessy 2014 ), Oregon (Augyte & Shaughnessy 2014 ).

Central America: Mexico (Pacific) (Pedroche et al. 2008).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Argentina (Asensi & Küpper 2012).

Africa: Mauritania (Price, John & Lawson 1978), South Africa (Price, John & Lawson 1978).

Asia: Korea (Kim 2010), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

South-east Asia: Philippines (Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014).

Australia and New Zealand: Auckland Islands (Nelson 2013), Chatham Islands (Nelson 2013), North Island, NZ (Nelson 2013), South Island, NZ (Nelson 2013), Stewart Island/Rakiura (Nelson 2013).

(as Leathesia difformis Areschoug)
Arctic: White Sea (Garbary & Tarakhovskaya 2013).

Europe: Baltic Sea (Nielsen et al. 1995), Black Sea (Ribera et al. 1992), Britain (Newton 1931, Fletcher 1987, Hardy & Guiry 2003), Bulgaria (Dimitrova-Konaklieva 1981), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920, Dixon 1961), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982, Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001), France (Mol & Coppejans 1985, Ben Maiz, Boudouresque, Lauret & Riouall 1988, Ribera et al. 1992, Coppejans & Kling 1995, Verlaque 2001, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Silberfeld et al. 2011, Anon. 2012), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996, Tanaka et al. 2010), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (Adams 1907, Cullinane 1971, Guiry 1977, Pybus 1977, Guiry 1978, De Valéra et al. 1979, Whelan & Cullinane 1985, Fletcher 1987, Morton 1994), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983, Stegenga et al. 1997), Norway (Jaasund 1965, Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001), Portugal (De Mesquita Rodrigues 1963, Ardré 1970, Araujo et al. 2005, Araújo et al. 2009), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Spain (Miranda 1931, Pérez-Cirera & Maldonado 1982, Fernández, Niell & Anadón 1983, Sierra & Fernández 1984, Granja, Cremades & Barbara 1992, Flores-Moya et al. 1995, Bárbara, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1995, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Cremades, Bárbara, Granja & Veiga 1997, Valenzuela Miranda 2002, Bárbara et al., 2003, Sánchez, Fernández & Rico 2003, Gorostiaga et al., 2004, Bárbara et al. 2005, Martínez-Gil et al. 2007, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010), Sweden (Kylin 1907, Kylin 1947, Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Atlantic Islands: Azores (Neto 1994, Tittley & Neto 1994), Canary Islands (Price, John & Lawson 1978, Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1980, Haroun et al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John et al. 2004, Anon. 2011), Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972), Salvage Islands (Parente et al. 2000, John et al. 2004), Tristan da Cunha (Baardseth 1941).

North America: Alaska (Saunders 1901, Lindstrom 1977, Scagel et al. 1989), Baja California (Mondragon & Mondragon 2003), British Columbia (Scagel et al. 1989), California (Scagel et al. 1989, Stewart 1991), Connecticut (Schneider, Suyemoto & Yarish 1979), Maine (Mathieson et al. 2001), New Hampshire (Mathieson & Hehre 1986), New Jersey (Taylor 1957), Newfoundland (Taylor 1957), North Carolina (Taylor 1957, Schneider & Searles 1991), Nova Scotia (Taylor 1957), Oregon (Hansen 1997), Québec (Taylor 1957), Virginia (Humm 1979), Washington (Scagel et al. 1989).

South America: Argentina (Boraso & Zaixso 2011, Boraso de Zaixso 2013, Croce et al. 2015), Chile (Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Temperate South America (Ramírez & Santelices 1991).

Africa: Mauritania (Price, John & Lawson 1978, John et al. 2004), Morocco (Dangeard 1949), Namibia (Rull Lluch 2002, John et al. 2004), South Africa (Price, John & Lawson 1978, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Stegenga, Bolton & Anderson 1997), Tunisia (Ribera et al. 1992).

Asia: Bering Sea (Mondragon & Mondragon 2003), China (Tseng 1984, Liu 2008, Zeng 2009), Commander Islands (Selivanova & Zhigadlova 1997), Japan (Okamura 1936, Segawa 1981, Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998, Terasaki et al. 2009, Tanaka et al. 2010), Kamchatka (Klochkova, Korolyova & Kusidi 2009), Korea (Lee & Kang 2001, Lee 2008, Lee et al. 2011, Lee et al. 2011), Russia (Kozhenkova 2009), Russia (Far East) (Perestenko 1980, Kloczcova 1996), South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016), Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Shao 2003-2014, Anon. 2012).

South-east Asia: Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987).

Australia and New Zealand: New South Wales (Womersley 1987), New Zealand (Adams 1994, Nelson & Phillips 1996, Tanaka et al. 2010, Harper et al. 2012), South Australia (Womersley 1987), Tasmania (Womersley 1987), Victoria (Fuhrer, Christianson, Clayton & Allender 1981).

Antarctic and the subantarctic islands: Fuegia (Skottsberg 1921, Papenfuss 1964).

(as Leathesia difformis var. tingitana Schousboe ex Bornet)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Leathesia nana Setchell & N.L.Gardner)
Central America: Baja California (Norris 2010), Mexico (Pacific) (Pedroche et al. 2008).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984, Liu 2008, Zeng 2009), Kamchatka (Klochkova, Korolyova & Kusidi 2009).

Nomenclatural notes
The genus Tremella Linnaeus (1753: 1157) was lectotypified by Tremella nostoc Linnaeus by Donk (1958: 245). As this is an entity with a later starting point (ICBN Art. 13.1, Nostocaceae heterocystaceae), under the provisions of ICBN Art. 13.2, all included species in the genus Tremella thus also have a later starting point (1 January 1886), regardless of their current generic placement. Tremella difformis Linnaeus (1755: 429) is thus not a valid name dating from 1755. Nostoc marinum C. Agardh (1812: 45) is similarly invalid. The earliest valid name that can be used for the entity widely known as Leathesia difformis is Chaetophora marina Lyngbye (Pedroche et al. 2008: 60). Leathesia difformis can be ascribed to J.E. Areschoug, 1847, but priority must be given to Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne, 1842. - (12 Mar 2009) - M.D. Guiry

Distributional notes
"This cosmopolitan species, in the Mediterranean Sea was accidentally introduced by aquaculture (Cormaci et al., 2004: 179, as L. difformis)." (Cormaci et al. 2012: 166). It was first found in first found in the Etang de Thau (France) around 1905 (Verlaque et al. 2015: 69). - (27 Aug 2015) - M.D. Guiry

Key references
Agardh, J.G. (1848). Species genera et ordines algarum, seu descriptiones succinctae specierum, generum et ordinum, quibus algarum regnum constituitur. Volumen Primum. Algas fucoideas complectens. pp. [i-vi], [i]-viii, [1]-363. Lundae [Lund]: C.W.K. Gleerup.

Belous O.C., Titlyanova, T.B. & Titlyanov E.A. (2013). [Marine plants of Trinity Bay and adjacent waters (Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan)]. pp. [1]-263. Vladivostok: Dal'nauka.

Boo, S.M. & Ko, Y.D. (2012). Marine plants from Korea. pp. [1] 5-233, many col. photographs. Seoul: Marine & Extreme Genome Research Centre Program.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Catra, M., Alongi, G. & Giaccone, G. (2012). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Phaeophyceae. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia 45: 1-508.

Kim, H.-S. (2010). Ectocarpaceae, Acinetopsoraceae, Chordariaceae. In: Algal flora of Korea. Volume 2, Number 1. Heterokontophyta: Phaeophyceae: Ectocarpales. Marine brown algae I. (Kim, H.-S. & Boo, S.-M. Eds), pp. [3]-137. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Lindeberg, M.R. & Lindstrom, S.C. (2010). Field guide to the seaweeds of Alaska. pp. [i-]iii-iv, 1-188, numerous col. photographs. Fairbanks: Alaska Sea Grant College Program.

Nelson, W.A. (2013). New Zealand seaweeds. An illustrated guide. pp. [1]-328. Wellington: Te Papa Press.

Pedroche, P.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar Rosas, R. (2008). Catálogo de las algas benthónicas del Pacífico de México II. Phaeophycota. pp. [i-viii], i-vi, 15-146. Mexicali & Berkeley: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana and University of California Berkeley.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka.

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photograph and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Created: 01 October 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 August 2016 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 6789 times since it was created.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2017. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 June 2017.

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