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Polysiphonia foetidissima Cocks ex Bornet

Publication details
Polysiphonia foetidissima Cocks ex Bornet 1892: 314

Published in: Bornet, E. (1892). Les algues de P.-K.-A. Schousboe. Mémoires de la Société des Sciences Naturelles et Mathématiques de Cherbourg 28: 165-376, pls I-III.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Polysiphonia is Polysiphonia urceolata (Lightfoot ex Dillwyn) Greville.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Vertebrata foetidissima (Cocks ex Bornet) Díaz-Tapia & Maggs

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), very foul-smelling.

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Kylinia liagorae (Børgesen) Papenfuss 1947
Polysiphonia tepida Hollenberg 1958
Neosiphonia tepida (Hollenberg) S.M.Guimarães & M.T.Fujii 2004

Nomenclatural notes
Name introduced in Gatty (1863: 164) who says "Specimens under this name having been distributed in Dr. Cocks%u2019 Algarum Fasciculi, it is necessary to mention that Dr. Harvey does not consider it specifically distinct from P. fibrata (fig. 113). It is rather purpler in hue; but whether this arises from anything more than its growing on mud in a harbour, where the water cannot be so pure as on a more open sea, seems doubtful. Its professed habitats are the landing-places on the shore of Mount Edgcumbe, and Torpoint." This does not constitute valid publication of the name as Mrs Gatty merely Harvey's doubts. - (14 Jul 2017) - M.D. Guiry

Taxonomic notes
Bornet clearly distinguishes P. foetidissima from P. stuposa on the basis of the number of siphons in Cocks's material: "M. Hauck considère le P. foetidissima comme synonyme du P. stuposa Zanard. La réunion paraît plausible, cependant M. Kützing dit que sa plante a de 6 à 8 siphons, tandis que dans l'échantillon de Cocks, dans tous ceux que nous avons récoltés en diverses localités, dans ceux que je tiens de M. Hauck luimême, ce nombre varie de 8 à 10, mais ne descend pas audessous de 8." Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso (2014: 81) further comment "se sigue el criterio de Díaz et al. (2009) y, por este motivo, se considera que P. foetidissima es diferente a P. stuposa Zanardini ex Kützing, 1864, y que su distribución está restringida al Mediterráneo." - (1 Apr 2013) - M.D. Guiry

Distributional notes
Only one verified record from British Isles (Plymouth, Cornwall; see Maggs & Hommersand 1993, p. 337).

Habitat notes
moderately to extremely wave-exposed sites, usually on sand-covered rocks from middle to lower intertidal; sometimes grows over Rhodothamniella floridula, Polysiphonia nigra, Ophidocldus simpliciusculus, Pterosiphonis pennata (Diaz-Tapia & Bárbara 2013). - (24 Jan 2014) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Polysiphonia foetidissima Cocks ex Bornet)
English: Pungent Siphon Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Type information
Lectotype locality: Plymouth, Cornwall, England (Maggs & Hommersand 1993: 336). Lectotype: Cocks; undated (?1855); PC ‘Algarum Fasciculi’, no. 29. Probable Syntypes distributed as this exsiccatum (Maggs & Hommersand 1993: 337). Notes: Lectotype: PC 0146017; Mount Edgcumbe, Plymouth, Cornwall (Diaz-Tapia et al., 2013).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Díaz-Tapia, P., McIvor, L., Freshwater, D.W., Verbruggen, H., Wynne, M.J. & Maggs, C.A. (2017). The genera Melanothamnus Bornet & Falkenberg and Vertebrata S.F. Gray constitute well-defined clades of the red algal tribe Polysiphonieae (Rhodomelaceae, Ceramiales). European Journal of Phycology 52(1): 1-20, 77 figs.

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. II. pp. [2], 763-1504. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Díaz-Tapia, P. & Bárbara, I. (2013). Seaweeds from sand-covered rocks of the Atlantic Iberian Peninsula. Part. 1. The Rhodomelaceae (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta). Cryptogamie Algologie 34(4): 325-422.

Diaz-Tapia, P., Kim, M.S., Secilla, A., Bárbara, I. & Cremades, J. (2013). Taxonomic reassessment of Polysiphonia foetidissima (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) and similar species, including P. schneideri, a newly introduced species in Europe. European Journal of Phycology 48(4): 345-362.

Gatty, A. (1863). British Sea-weeds. Drawn from Professor Harvey's "Phycologia britannica." With descriptions, an amateur's synopsis, rules for laying our sea-weeds, an order for arranging them in the herbarium, and an appendix of new species. pp. [i]-xlviii, pls I-LXXX; Appendix [161]-166. London: Bell and Daldy, 186 Fleet Street.

Maggs, C.A. & Hommersand, M.H. (1993). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 3A. Ceramiales. pp. [i]-xv, 1-444, 129 figs, map. London: HMSO.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Created: 02 August 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 14 July 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1613 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Díaz, P., Secilla, A., Bárbara, I. & Cremades, J. (2009). Polysiphonia foetidissima y Polysiphonia sp. en el Norte de la costa atlántica de la Península Ibérica. Algas, Bol. Soc. Esp. Ficología 42: 7.
Diaz-Tapia, P., Kim, M.S., Secilla, A., Bárbara, I. & Cremades, J. (2013). Taxonomic reassessment of Polysiphonia foetidissima (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) and similar species, including P. schneideri, a newly introduced species in Europe. European Journal of Phycology 48(4): 345-362.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 November 2018.

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