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Jania rubens (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Corallinophycidae
Order Corallinales
Family Corallinaceae
Subfamily Corallinoideae
Tribe Janieae
Genus Jania

Pictures

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Jania rubens (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux
Jania rubens, lower intertidal with Saccorhiza polyschides, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Jania rubens (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux
Jania rubens, lower intertidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Jania rubens (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux
Jania rubens, lower intertidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Jania rubens (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux
upper subtidal, Islas Cíes, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Jania rubens (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux
South of Spain, 2011. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Jania rubens (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux
France, Marseille, 2011. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Jania rubens (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland. 14 Jun 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Jania rubens (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland. 14 Jun 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Jania rubens (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland. 14 Jun 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Jania rubens (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland. 17 May 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

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Alaria esculenta f. latifolia Postels & Ruprecht

Jania rubens (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland

Publication details
Jania rubens (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux 1816: 272, no fig.

Published in: Lamouroux, [J.V.F.] (1812). Extrait d'un mémoire sur la classification des Polypiers coralligènes non entièrement pierreux. Nouveaux Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris 3: 181-188.
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Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Jania.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Corallina rubens Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: "Hab. Oc. Europaeo" (Linnaeus 1758: 806). Lectotype: Herb. Burser vol. XX p. 72 (Kim et al. 2007 : 1317). Notes: Type locality: Europe (South & Skelton, 2003).

Origin of species name
Participle (Latin), reddish (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Corallina rubens Linnaeus 1758

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Corallina cristata Linnaeus 1758
Corallina spermophoros Linnaeus 1758
Jania rubens var. spermophoros (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux 1816
Jania spermophorus J.V.Lamouroux 1843

Nomenclatural notes
Athanasiadis (2016: 350) credits Lamouroux (1812: 185 [actually 186]) with this combination but the binomial was not formally used by Lamouroux in this publication. - (3 Feb 2017) - M.D. Guiry

Taxonomic notes
John et al. (2004) cite Jania corniculata (L.) J.V. Lamour as a synonym of this species.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Jania rubens (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux)
English: Slender-beaded Coral Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Description
Slender, rose-pink, articulated, calcified fronds, to 50 mm high. Repeatedly dichotomously branched, luxuriant specimens secondarily pinnate. Segments cylindrical, to 120 µm diam., those bearing branches somewhat compressed, to 180 µm diam. Fixed by small conical disc, but spreading vegetatively by developing attachment discs from branches in contact with solid substratum.

Habitat
Epiphytic, found only growing epiphytically on the brown algae Cladostephus and Cystoseira lower intertidal, southern and western shores of Britain and Ireland, often abundant. It does not grow directly on rock in Britain or Ireland.

Similar species
Corallina elongata, which is pinnately branched in contrast with the dichotomous branching of Jania rubens.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Corallina rubens Linnaeus)
Europe: Balearic Islands (Bellón 1921), Britain (Newton 1931), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920), Ireland (Cotton 1912, Cotton 1913), Spain (Miranda 1931), Sweden (Kylin 1907), Turkey (Europe) (Güven & Öztig 1971).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Corallina spermophoros Linnaeus)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Jania rubens (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Munda 1979, Ercegovic 1980, Babbini & Bressan 1997), Apulia (Bottalico et al. 2016), Balearic Islands (Piccone 1889, Rodríguez y Femenías 1889, Buen 1905, Bellón 1921, Navarro & Bellón 1945, Dao 1957, Gómez Garreta 1983, Ribera Siguán 1983, Ribera Siguán & Gómez Garreta 1984, Babbini & Bressan 1997), Baltic Sea (Nielsen et al. 1995), Black Sea (Milchakova 2011), Britain (Irvine & Chamberlain 1994, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie et al. 2016, Bunker et al. 2017), Channel Islands (Dixon 1961), Corsica (Boudouresque & Perret 1977, Coppejans 1979, Demoulin, Janssen & Licot 1980, Babbini & Bressan 1997, Sales & Ballesteros 2010), France (Feldmann 1939, Augier, Boudouresque & Laborel 1971, Coppejans 1972, Ben Maiz, Boudouresque, Lauret & Riouall 1988, Babbini & Bressan 1997, Verlaque 2001, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954, Loiseaux-de Goër & Noailles 2008), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996), Gibralter (Conde Poyales 1992), Greece (Diannelidis 1953, Gerloff & Geissler 1974, Haritonidis & Tsekos 1976, Tsekos & Haritonidis 1977, Diapoulis, Haritonidis & Koussouris 1986, Athanasiadis 1987, Babbini & Bressan 1997, Tsirika & Haritonidis 2005), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (Cullinane 1971, Guiry 1977, Guiry 1978, De Valéra et al. 1979, Maggs 1983, Irvine & Chamberlain 1994, Morton 1994, Guiry 2012, Bunker et al. 2017), Italy (Giaccone 1969, Cinelli 1971, Feoli & Bressan 1972, Edwards et al. 1975, Cinelli et al. 1976, Cecere et al. 1996, Babbini & Bressan 1997, Babbini & Bressan 1997, Babbini & Bressan 1997, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003, Serio et al 2006), Malta (Cormaci et al. 1997, Babbini & Bressan 1997), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983, Stegenga et al. 1997), Norway (Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001), Portugal (Ardré 1970, Araújo et al. 2009, Lugilde et al. 2016), Romania (Caraus 2012, Caraus 2017), Sardinia (Babbini & Bressan 1997, Furnari et al. 2003), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Sicily (Alongi et al. 2012), Spain (Lázaro Ibiza 1889, Sauvageau 1897, Bellón 1921, Hamel 1928, Miranda 1931, Bellón 1940, Bas 1949, Seoane-Camba 1957, Ardré 1957, Fischer-Piette, C. & Seoane-Camba, J. (1962), Seoane-Camba 1965, Ballesteros 1981, Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Pérez-Cirera & Maldonado 1982, Barcelo & Seoane 1982, Gómez-Menor Robles & Fuertes Lasala 1982, Fernández & Niell 1982, Fernández, Niell & Anadón 1983, Boisset & Barceló 1984, Sierra & Fernández 1984, Pérez-Ruzafa & Honrubia 1984, Gallardo et al. 1985, Anadón & Fernández 1986, Rodriguez Prieto & Polo Alberti 1988, Soto & Conde 1989, Pérez-Ruzafa 1990, Conde, Vera & Flores-Moya 1990, Pérez-Ruzafa et al. 1991, Granja, Cremades & Barbara 1992, Conde Poyales 1992, Bárbara, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1995, Conde et al. 1996, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Rodríguez-Prieto & Polo, L. 1996, Babbini & Bressan 1997, Rodriguez-Prieto et al. 1997, Cremades, Bárbara, Granja & Veiga 1997, Veiga, Cremades & Bárbara 1998, Rodriguez-Prieto & Polo Albertí 1998, Sánchez, Fernández & Rico 2003, Gorostiaga et al., 2004, Bárbara et al. 2005, Sánchez & Fernández 2005, Peña & Bárbara 2006, Martínez-Gil et al. 2007, Pena & Bárbara 2008, Pérez-Ruzafa et al. 2008, Viejo et al. 2008, Peña & Bárbara 2008, de los Santos, Pérez-Lloréns & Vergara 2009, Mercado et al. 2009, Esteban et al. 2009, Peña & Bárbara 2010, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010, Hernández et al. 2010, Pinedo et al. 2013, Lugilde et al. 2016), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016), Sweden (Kylin 1944), Turkey (Europe) (Cirik, Zeybeck, Aysel & Cirik 1990, Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993, Babbini & Bressan 1997, Taskin et al. 2008 ).

Atlantic Islands: Ascension (Price & John 1980, John et al. 2004), Azores (Neto 1994, Tittley & Neto 1994, Couto et al. 2011), Bermuda (Taylor 1960, Schneider & Searles 1991, Schneider 2003), Canary Islands (Børgesen 1929, Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1980, Viera-Rodriguez et al. 1987, Guadalupe et al. 1995, Haroun et al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John et al. 2004, Hernández-González et al. 2004a, Hernández-González et al. 2004b, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Cape Verde Islands (Otero-Schmitt & Sanjuan 1992, John et al. 2004, Prud'homme van Reine, Haroun & Kostermans 2005), Madeira (Levring 1974, Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001, John et al. 2004), Salvage Islands (Parente et al. 2000, John et al. 2004).

North America: Florida (Taylor 1960, Schneider & Searles 1991), Isla Guadalupe (Setchell & Gardner 1930), Mexico (Mendoza-González et al. 2014), Mexico (Caribbean) (Mendoza-González, Mateo-Cid & García-López 2017), North Carolina (Taylor 1960, Schneider & Searles 1991), Texas (Wynne 2009).

Central America: Belize (Taylor 1960).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960), Barbados (Taylor 1969), Caicos Islands (Taylor 1960), Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Cuba (Taylor 1960, Suárez 2005, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014), Hispaniola (Taylor 1960, Betancourt & Herrera-Moreno, 2001), Jamaica (Taylor 1960), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960, Taylor 1969), Martinique (Delnatte & Wynne 2016), Puerto Rico (Taylor 1960), St. Eustatius (van der Loos & Prud'homme van Reine 2015, van der Loos et al. 2017), Tobago (Taylor 1960).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Argentina (Boraso de Zaixso 2013, Croce et al. 2015), Brazil (Taylor 1930, Joly 1957, Taylor 1960, Joly 1965, Oliveira Filho 1977, Villaca et al. 2010 , Creed et al. 2010, Martins et al. 2016), Chile (Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Colombia (Taylor 1960, Díaz-Pulido & Díaz-Ruíz 2003), Temperate South America (Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Uruguay (Taylor 1960, Coll & Oliveira 1999), Venezuela (Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Algeria (Babbini & Bressan 1997), Cameroon (John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Djibouti (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Egypt (Papenfuss 1968, Aleem 1993, Babbini & Bressan 1997, Issa et al. 2014), Ethiopia (Papenfuss 1968), Gambia (Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Ghana (Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004, Smith, Smith & Nii Yemoh Annang 2015), Kenya (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Libya (Nizamuddin 1978, Babbini & Bressan 1997), Madagascar (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Mauritania (John et al. 2004), Mauritius (Børgesen 1943, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Morocco (Dangeard 1949, Gil-Rodriguez & Socorro Hernández 1986, Babbini & Bressan 1997), Nigeria (John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), São Tomé & Príncipe (John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Senegal (John et al. 2004), Somalia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), South Africa (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Spanish North Africa (González García, Paredes Ruiz & Enrique Mirón 2017), Sudan (Papenfuss 1968, Osman & Mohammed 2016), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Tunisia (Meñez & Mathieson 1981, Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987, Babbini & Bressan 1997).

Indian Ocean Islands: Amsterdam Island (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Andaman Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Comoros and Mayotte (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Réunion (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-west Asia: Arabian Gulf (John & Al-Thani 2014), Bahrain (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Cyprus (Taskin et al. 2013, Tsiamis et al. 2014), Goa (Pereira & Almeida 2014), India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Rao & Gupta 2015), Iran (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sohrabipour & Rabii 1999), Israel (Nemlich & Danin 1964, Hoffman 2004, Einav 2007, Einav & Israel 2008, Hoffman et al. 2014 ), Lebanon (Lakkis 2013), Levant states (Babbini & Bressan 1997), Pakistan (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Saudi Arabia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Turkey (Asia) (Taskin et al. 2008 , Taskin et al. 2015).

Asia: China (Liu 2008, Xia 2013), Japan (Okamura 1936, Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990), Korea (Lee & Kang 2001, Lee 2008), South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014, Anon. 2012).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2012), Malaysia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014), Vietnam (Pham-Hoàng 1969, Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015).

Australia and New Zealand: Lord Howe Island (Lewis 1984, Millar & Kraft 1993), Northern Territory (Womersley 1958, Lewis 1984), Queensland (Lewis 1984).

Pacific Islands: American Samoa (Tsuda et al. 2011 ), Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003), Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003, Littler & Littler 2003), French Polynesia (N'Yeurt & Payri 2010), Jarvis I. & Kingman Reef (Tsuda & Fisher 2012), Marshall Islands (Taylor 1950), Solomon Islands (Womersley & Bailey 1970).

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Bressan, G. & Babbini, L. (2003). Biodiversità marina delle coste Italiane: Corallinales del Mar Mediterraneo: guida all deteminazione. Biologia Marina Mediterranea 10(Suppl. 2): 1-237.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G. & Alongi, G. (2017). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Rhodophyta (Rhodymeniophycidae escluse). Bollettino Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania 50(380): 1-391, 53 pls.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Kim, J.H., Guiry, M.D., Oak, J.H., Choi, D.-S., Kang, S.-H., Chung, H. & Choi, H.-G. (2007). Phylogenetic relationships within the tribe Janieae (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) based on molecular and morphological data: a reappraisal of Jania. Journal of Phycology 43: 1310-1319.

Lamouroux, J.V.F. (1816). Histoire des polypiers coralligènes flexibles, vulgairement nommés zoophytes. pp. [i]-lxxxiv, chart, [1]-560, [560, err], pls I-XIX, uncol. by author. Caen: De l'imprimerie de F. Poisson.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Mendoza-Gonzalez, A.C., L.E.Mateo-Cid, D.Y.García-López & J.A.Acosta-Calderón (2014). Diversity and distribution of articulated coralline algae (Rhodophyta, Corallinales) of the Atlantic coast of Mexico. Phytotaxa 190(1): 45-63.

N'Yeurt, A.D.R. & Payri, C.E. (2010). Marine algal flora of French Polynesia III. Rhodophyta, with additions to the Phaeophyceae and Chlorophyta. Cryptogamie Algologie 31: 3-205.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Walker, R.H., Brodie, J., Russell, S., Irvine, L.M. & Orfanidis, S. (2009). Biodiversity of coralline algae in the northeastern Atlantic including Corallina caespitosa sp. nov. (Corallinoideae, Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 45: 287-297.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2013). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. IV Corallinales . pp. [1-8], i-xix, 1-147, pls I-V. Beijing: Science Press.

Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel zelenikh, burikh i krasnich odoroslei juzhnikh morei SSSR [Guide to the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of USSR]. pp. 1-398. Moscow, Leningrad: Academia Nauk.

Created: 16 April 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 20 December 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 26323 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Duerden, R.C. & Jones, W. E. (1981). The host specificity of Jania rubens (L.) Lamour. in British Waters. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 8: 313-319.
Peel, M.C. (1976). Nuclear ultrastructure during sporogenesis in Corallina officinalis L. and Jania rubens (L.) Lamour. British Phycological Journal 11: 198.
Åsen, P.A. (1976). Jania rubens (L.) Lamour. (Rhodophyta, Cryptonemiales) in Norway. Norwegian Journal of Botany 23: 195-199.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 February 2018.

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