148,407 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,273 images, 57,042 bibliographic items, 360,092 distributional records.

Halothrix lumbricalis (Kützing) Reinke

Publication details
Halothrix lumbricalis (Kützing) Reinke 1888: 19

Published in: Reinke, J. (1888). Die braunen Algen (Fucaceen und Phaeosporeen) der Kieler Bucht. Berichte der deutsche botanischen Gesellschaft 6: 14-20.

Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Halothrix.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Ectocarpus lumbricalis Kützing

Type information
Type locality: "Ostsee"

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), worm-shaped (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Ectocarpus lumbricalis Kützing 1845
Elachista lumbricalis (Kützing) Hauck 1883

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Halothrix rectiuscula Y.-P.Lee 2001

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Halothrix lumbricalis (Kützing) Reinke)
Europe: Baltic Sea (Nielsen et al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Britain (Newton 1931, Fletcher 1987, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Guiry 2012, Brodie et al. 2016), France (Feldmann & Magne 1964, Verlaque 2001, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2012), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996), Italy (Ribera et al. 1992), Norway (Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Turkey (Europe) (Ribera et al. 1992, Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993, Taskin et al. 2008 , Taskin & Pedersen 2012).

North America: British Columbia (Scagel et al. 1989), Connecticut (Schneider, Suyemoto & Yarish 1979), Isla Guadalupe (Setchell & Gardner 1930), Maine (Taylor 1957), New Jersey (Taylor 1957).

Central America: Mexico (Pacific) (Pedroche et al. 2008).

South-west Asia: Turkey (Asia) (Taskin et al. 2008 ).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984, Liu 2008, Zeng 2009), Japan (Okamura 1936, Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998), Kamchatka (Klochkova, Korolyova & Kusidi 2009), Korea (Lee & Kang 2001, Lee 2008, Kim 2010), Russia (Kozhenkova 2009), Russia (Far East) (Kloczcova 1996, Selivanova 2002).

(as Halothrix rectiuscula Y.-P.Lee)
Asia: Korea (Lee 2008).

Distributional notes
Introduced into the Mediterranean (Cormaci et al. 2008; Cormaci et al. 2012: 162). It was found for the first time at Acicastello (Eastern Sicily) in 1978 (see also Verlaque et al. 2015: 67). - (26 Jun 2012) - M.D. Guiry

Key references
Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Catra, M., Alongi, G. & Giaccone, G. (2012). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Phaeophyceae. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia 45: 1-508.

Fletcher, R.L. (1987). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Vol. 3. Fucophyceae (Phaeophyceae). Part 1. pp. [i]-x, [1]-359, 90 figs, 15 pls. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Kim, H.-S. (2010). Ectocarpaceae, Acinetopsoraceae, Chordariaceae. In: Algal flora of Korea. Volume 2, Number 1. Heterokontophyta: Phaeophyceae: Ectocarpales. Marine brown algae I. (Kim, H.-S. & Boo, S.-M. Eds), pp. [3]-137. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Klochkova, N.G., Korolyova, T.N. & Kusidi, A.E. (2009). [Atlas of algae-macrophytes Kamchatka waters. Vol 1. Green algae and brown algae]. pp. 1-216. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: KamchatNIRO Press.

Kloczcova, N.G. (1996). Flora vodoroslei makrofitov Tatarskogo Proliva i osobennosti ee formirovanija [Macrophyte algal flora of Tatars Gulf (Sea of Japan) and peculiarities of its formation]. pp. 1-289. Vladivostock: Dalnauka.

Pedroche, P.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar Rosas, R. (2008). Catálogo de las algas benthónicas del Pacífico de México II. Phaeophycota. pp. [i-viii], i-vi, 15-146. Mexicali & Berkeley: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana and University of California Berkeley.

Zinova, A.D. (1953). Opredelitel burykh vodoroslej severnykh morej SSSR [Manual for identification of the brown algae of the northern seas of the USSR]. pp. 1-224. Moscow & Leningrad: Akad. Nauk SSSR.

Created: 06 August 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 25 October 2016 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1367 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Pedersen, P.M. (1979). Culture studies on the brown alga Halothrix lumbricalis and Elachista fucicola (Elachistaceae). Botaniska Notiser 132: 151-159.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2017. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 June 2017.

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