148,347 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,273 images, 57,033 bibliographic items, 359,972 distributional records.

Symphyocladia marchantioides (Harvey) Falkenberg

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Rhodomelaceae
Subfamily Pterosiphonioideae
Tribe Pterosiphonieae
Genus Symphyocladia

Pictures

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Symphyocladia marchantioides (Harvey) Falkenberg
Australia. 25 May 2011. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).

Symphyocladia marchantioides (Harvey) Falkenberg
Ardenza, Livorno, Italy; shallow sublittoral. Detail of upper surface. © Fabio Rindi (f.rindi@univpm.it).

Symphyocladia marchantioides (Harvey) Falkenberg
Ardenza, Livorno, Italy; shallow sublittoral. Detail of margin of blade. © Fabio Rindi (f.rindi@univpm.it).

Symphyocladia marchantioides (Harvey) Falkenberg
Ardenza, Livorno, Italy; shallow sublittoral. © Fabio Rindi (f.rindi@univpm.it).

Symphyocladia marchantioides (Harvey) Falkenberg
Ardenza, Livorno, Italy; shallow sublitttoral. © Fabio Rindi (f.rindi@univpm.it).

 

Gymnothamnion pteroton (Bornet) Athanasiadis

Symphyocladia marchantioides (Harvey) Falkenberg Ardenza, Livorno, Italy; shallow sublitttoral

Publication details
Symphyocladia marchantioides (Harvey) Falkenberg in Schmitz & Falkenberg 1897: 444

Published in: Schmitz, F. & Falkenberg, P. (1897). Rhodomelaceae. In: Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien nebst ihren Gattungen und wichtigeren Arten insbesondere den Nutzpflanzen unter Mitwirkung zahlreicher hervorragender Fachgelehrten, Teil 1, Abteilung 2. (Engler, A. & Prantl, K. Eds), pp. 421-480. Leipzig: verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Symphyocladia.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Amansia marchantioides Harvey

Type information
Syntype localities: New Zealand: Cape Kidnapper; Hawke's Bay (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 554). Lectotype: ‘Rev. N. Colenso, N. Zealand’; TCD (Millar 1990: 456). Notes: Womersley (2003: 341) gives the following data for Amansia? marchantioides: Type from Cape Kidnappers, Hawkes Bay, New Zealand (Colenso); holotype in Herb. Harvey, TCD. (Harvey gave “Cape Kidnapper and Hawke’s Bay; however the Cape is at the southern extremity of Hawkes Bay and it appears that this the only type locality).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), resembling the genus Marchantia.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Placophora marchantioides (Harvey) J.Agardh
Amansia marchantioides Harvey 1855

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Placophora latiuscula Okamura 1895
Symphyocladia latissima Yendo 1920

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Placophora marchantioides (Harvey) J.Agardh)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Amansia marchantioides Harvey)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Placophora latiuscula Okamura)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Symphyocladia marchantioides (Harvey) Falkenberg)
Europe: Italy (Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002).

Atlantic Islands: Azores (Ardré 1973, Ardré 1973, Neto 1994, Tittley & Neto 1994).

Africa: South Africa (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Stegenga, Bolton & Anderson 1997 ).

Asia: China (Liu 2008, Zeng 2009), Japan (Segawa 1981, Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998), Korea (Lee & Kang 2001, Lee 2008, Nam & Kang 2012, Kang & Kim 2013), Russia (Kozhenkova 2009), Russia (Far East) (Perestenko 1980, Perestenko 1994), South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016), Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Shao 2003-2014, Shao 2003-2014, Anon. 2012, Anon. 2012).

South-east Asia: Vietnam (Nguyen et al. 2013).

Australia and New Zealand: Lord Howe Island (Millar & Kraft 1993), New South Wales (Millar 1990, Millar & Kraft 1993, Womersley 2003), New Zealand (Adams 1994, Womersley 2003, Kim et al. 2010, Nelson 2012), North Island, NZ (Nelson 2013), Queensland (Lewis 1984, Lewis 1984, Phillips 1997, Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010), South Australia (Womersley 2003), South Island, NZ (Nelson 2013), Victoria (Womersley 2003).

Pacific Islands: Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), Hawaiian Islands (Abbott 1999).

(as Symphyocladia latissima Yendo)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Distributional notes
This species was introduced into the Mediterranean (Verlaque et al. 2015: 219), perhaps by shipping, being first found at Livorno, Italy in 1984. - (5 Nov 2015) - M.D. Guiry

Habitat notes
Intertidal and subtidal; epiphytic or epilithic (Kim et al. 2010). - (13 Aug 2010) - Wendy Guiry

Key references
Ardré, F. (1973). Remarques sur la structure et les affinités des Symphyocladia (Rhodomelacées, Céramiales). Botaniste 56: 19-54.

Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Belous O.C., Titlyanova, T.B. & Titlyanov E.A. (2013). [Marine plants of Trinity Bay and adjacent waters (Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan)]. pp. [1]-263. Vladivostok: Dal'nauka.

Kim, S.Y., Nelson, W.A. & Kim, M.S. (2012). A reappraisal of Symphyocladia (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta), including a new species based on morphology and molecular data. Phycologia 51(5): 531-541.

Millar, A.J.K. (1990). Marine red algae of the Coffs Harbour region, northern New South Wales. Australian Systematic Botany 3: 293-593, 76 figs, 2 tables.

Nam, K.W. & Kang, P.J. (2012). Algal flora of Korea. Volume 4, Number 4. Rhodophyta: Ceramiales: Rhodomelaceae: 18 genera including Herposiphonia. pp. [1-6], 1-178, figs 1-102. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Nelson, W.A. (2013). New Zealand seaweeds. An illustrated guide. pp. [1]-328. Wellington: Te Papa Press.

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photograph and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Womersley, H.B.S. (2003). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIID Ceramiales - Delesseriaceae, Sarcomeniaceae, Rhodomelaceae. pp. [1]-533. Canberra & Adelaide: Australian Biological Resources Study & State Herbarium of South Australia.

Xia, B. (2011). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. VII Ceramiales Rhodomelaceae. pp. [i]-xxi, 1-212, pls I-XIII. Beijing: Science Press.

Created: 04 August 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 01 March 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2825 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Ardré, F., Boudouresque, C.-F. & Cabioch, J. (1974). Présence remarquable du Symphyocladia marchantioides (Harvey) Falkenberg (Rhodomélacées, Céramiales) aux Açores. Bulletin de la Société Phycologique de France 19: 178-182.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2017. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 June 2017.

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