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Hydroclathrus clathratus (C.Agardh) M.Howe

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Ectocarpales
Family Scytosiphonaceae
Genus Hydroclathrus

Pictures

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Hydroclathrus clathratus (C.Agardh) M.Howe
Hydroclathrus clathratus, recolectada en la zona Sur del Macizo Guamuhaya. Hábito. Foto: Ángel Moreira.

Hydroclathrus clathratus (C.Agardh) M.Howe
La Rhianna, Andalucia, Spain. 23 Jul 2013. Francis Bunker. © Francis Bunker (fbunker@marineseen.com).

Hydroclathrus clathratus (C.Agardh) M.Howe
Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideki Yukihira. © Palau International Coral Reef Center. From: Ohba, H., Victor, S., Golbuu, Y. & Yukihira, H. (2007) Tropical Marine Plants of Palau. pp. 153. PICRC & JICA.

Hydroclathrus clathratus (C.Agardh) M.Howe
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 1.5 m deep. Hideki Yukihira. © Palau International Coral Reef Center. From: Ohba, H., Victor, S., Golbuu, Y. & Yukihira, H. (2007) Tropical Marine Plants of Palau. pp. 153. PICRC & JICA.

Hydroclathrus clathratus (C.Agardh) M.Howe
1. Habit. 2. Upper subtidal, 1.5 m (Nhatrang Bay, Vietnam). Insert: old plant.. 09 Mar 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova. © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Hydroclathrus clathratus (C.Agardh) M.Howe
Hawaii. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Hydroclathrus clathratus (C.Agardh) M.Howe
Cottesloe. 25 May 2011. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).

Hydroclathrus clathratus (C.Agardh) M.Howe
Bonaire, Caribbean. 26 Mar 2011. Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger. © Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net).

Hydroclathrus clathratus (C.Agardh) M.Howe
Lord Howe Island, Australia. 21 Nov 2010. M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Hydroclathrus clathratus (C.Agardh) M.Howe
Tanzania. Eurico Oliveira. © Eurico Oliveira (euricodo@usp.br). From: Oliveira, E., Österlund, K. & Mtolera, M.S.P. (2005). Marine Plants of Tanzania. A field guide to the seaweeds and seagrasses. pp. 267, Numerous coloured illustrations and line drawings. Stockholm: Botany Department, Stockholm University.

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Publication details
Hydroclathrus clathratus (C.Agardh) M.Howe in N.L.Britton & C.F.Millspaugh 1920: 590

Published in: Howe, M.A. (1920). Algae. In: The Bahama flora. (Britton, N.L. & Millspaugh, C.F. Eds), pp. 553-618. New York: published by the authors.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Hydroclathrus is Hydroclathrus cancellatus Bory.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Encoelium clathratum C.Agardh

Type information
Type locality: "In mari Australi, ut [?] ad Ravak, in sinu 'Baie de Chien Marin', sec. Gaudichaud. — In mari Atlantico ad insulam, 'Beii isle' prope litus Armoricae, sec. Bory." (Agardh 1823: 412). Notes: Womersley (1987: 300) gives the following data: Lectotype from Belle Isle [Belle-île, Brittany], France (but see Hamel 1937: 202); in Herb. Bornet, PC; Herb. Agardh, LD? INA commented: "Womersley (1987: 300) lectotypified the name with a specimen from Belle-île, Brittany, France. Hamel (1937:202) recorded that Bornet thought that the provenance might have been inaccurately recorded because the shells on which the specimens grew do not occur there naturally."

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), latticed or pierced with openings like a grating or trellis (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Encoelium clathratum C.Agardh 1823
Stilophora clathrata (C.Agardh) C.Agardh 1827
Asperococcus clathratus (C.Agardh) J.Agardh 1848

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Hydroclathrus cancellatus Bory 1825
Talarodictyon tilesii Endlicher 1843
Asperococcus cancellatus (Bory) Sonder 1846

Nomenclatural notes
Setchell & Gardner (1924: 727) and Børgesen (1941: 62) cite this species as Hydroclathrus clathratus (Bory) Howe. While Agardh (1823: 412) attributed the unpublihsed name Fucus clathratus to "Bory msct" he chose to coin a new name and thus the name Encoelium clathratum should be attributed solely to C.Agardh.

Habitat notes
Widespread in warm and temperate waters. On Colpomenia sinuosa (Lipkin & Silva 2002). - (15 Jun 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
colet {Phil}; balbalolang {Ilo}

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Encoelium clathratum C.Agardh)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Hydroclathrus cancellatus Bory)
Indian Ocean Islands: Rodrigues Island (Dickie 1879).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

South-east Asia: Singapore (Pham et al. 2011).

Pacific Islands: Easter Island (Børgesen 1924).

(as Talarodictyon tilesii Endlicher)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Asperococcus cancellatus (Bory) Sonder)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Asperococcus clathratus (C.Agardh) J.Agardh)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Hydroclathrus clathratus (C.Agardh) M.Howe)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Ribera et al. 1992), Balearic Islands (Pericás 1984, Ribera Siguán & Gómez Garreta 1985, Cremades 1989, Ribera et al. 1992), Corsica (Ribera et al. 1992), France (Anon. 2017), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974, Athanasiadis 1987, Ribera et al. 1992, Tsiamis et al. 2013, Tsiamis et al. 2013), Italy (Giaccone 1969, Cinelli et al. 1976, Ribera et al. 1992, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002, Serio et al 2006), Malta (Cormaci et al. 1997), Portugal (Ardré 1970, Bárbara et al. 2012), Spain (Conde Poyales & Seoane Camba 1982, Ballesteros 1983, Gallardo et al. 1985, Rodriguez Prieto & Polo Alberti 1988, Flores-Moya, Vera-Gonzalez & Conde 1989, Ribera et al. 1992, Flores-Moya et al. 1994, Flores-Moya et al. 1995, Conde, Altamirano & Flores-Moya 1996, Rodríguez-Prieto & Polo, L. 1996, Rodriguez-Prieto & Polo Albertí 1998, Gorostiaga et al., 2004), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016), Turkey (Europe) (Güner, Aysel, Sukatar & Öztürk 1985, Ribera et al. 1992, Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993, Taskin et al. 2008 ).

Atlantic Islands: Azores (Neto 1994, Tittley & Neto 1994), Bermuda (Taylor 1960, Schneider 2003), Canary Islands (Price, John & Lawson 1978, Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1980, Viera-Rodriguez et al. 1987, Gil-Rodriguez, Afonso-Carrillo & Wildpret de la Torre 1987, Guadalupe et al. 1995, Haroun et al. 2002, Aldanondo-Aristizábal, Domínguez-Alvarez & Gil-Rodríguez 2003, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John et al. 2004, Hernández-González et al. 2004a, Hernández-González et al. 2004b, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Cape Verde Islands (Price, John & Lawson 1978, Otero-Schmitt & Sanjuan 1992, John et al. 2004, Prud'homme van Reine, Haroun & Kostermans 2005), Madeira (Levring 1974, Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001, Haroun et al. 2002), Salvage Islands (Price, John & Lawson 1978, Audiffred & Weisscher 1984, Parente et al. 2000, John et al. 2004).

North America: Baffin Island (Küpper et al. 2016), California (Abbott & Hollenberg 1976, Stewart 1991, Miller 2012), Florida (Taylor 1960), Gulf of California (Dawson 1944), Mexico (Hernández Almeida & Siqueiros Beltrones 2012 ), Texas (Wynne 2009).

Central America: Baja California (Norris 2010), Belize (Taylor 1960), Mexico (Pacific) (Pedroche et al. 2008).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960), Barbados (Taylor 1960, Taylor 1969), Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Cayman Islands (Taylor 1960), Cuba (Taylor 1960, Suárez 2005, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014), Jamaica (Taylor 1960), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960), Martinique (Delnatte & Wynne 2016), Netherlands Antilles (Taylor 1960), Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Brazil (Taylor 1930, Taylor 1960, Joly 1965, Oliveira Filho 1977, Menezes Széchy & Paula 2010), Chile (Santelices 1989, Ramírez & Santelices 1991, Silva & Chacana 2005), Colombia (Schnetter 1976), Temperate South America (Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Venezuela (Taylor 1960, Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Algeria (Ould-Ahmed et al. 2013), Angola (Price, John & Lawson 1978, John et al. 2004), Cameroon (Price, John & Lawson 1978, John et al. 2004), Egypt (Papenfuss 1968, Aleem 1993, Issa et al. 2014), Equatorial Guinea (Price, John & Lawson 1978, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Eritrea (Lipkin & Silva 2002), Ethiopia (Papenfuss 1968), Gabon (Price, John & Lawson 1978, Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Kenya (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Libya (Ribera et al. 1992), Madagascar (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Mauritius (Børgesen 1941, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Morocco (Gil-Rodriguez & Socorro Hernández 1986), Mozambique (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), São Tomé & Príncipe (John et al. 2004), Senegal (Price, John & Lawson 1978, John et al. 2004), Sierra Leone (John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Somalia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), South Africa (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Tronchin & De Clerck 2005), Sudan (Papenfuss 1968, Osman & Mohammed 2016), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005), Tunisia (Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987, Ribera et al. 1992).

Indian Ocean Islands: Aldabra Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Andaman Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Diego Garcia Atoll (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Laccadive Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Krishnamurthy & Baluswami 2010), Maldives (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Nicobar Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Réunion (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Rodrigues Island (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, De Clerck et al. 2004), Seychelles (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-west Asia: Arabian Gulf (John & Al-Thani 2014), Bahrain (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Bangladesh (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Ahmed et al. 2009, Krishnamurthy & Baluswami 2010), Cyprus (Taskin et al. 2013, Tsiamis et al. 2014), India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Krishnamurthy & Baluswami 2010, Rao & Gupta 2015), Israel (Nemlich & Danin 1964, Papenfuss 1968, Einav 2007, Einav & Israel 2008), Jordan (Papenfuss 1968), Kuwait (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Lebanon (Lakkis 2013), Levant states (Ribera et al. 1992), Pakistan (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Krishnamurthy & Baluswami 2010), Saudi Arabia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Sri Lanka (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Krishnamurthy & Baluswami 2010), Turkey (Asia) (Taskin et al. 2008 ), Yemen (Papenfuss 1968).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984, Liu 2008), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov et al. 2015, Titlyanov et al. 2015, Titlyanov et al. 2016), Hong Kong (Wang et al. 2008, Wang et al. 2010), Japan (Okamura 1936, Segawa 1981, Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998, Kogame, Horiguchi & Masuda 1999, Cho, Lee & Boo 2004, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015, Santiañez et al. 2018), Korea (Lee & Kang 2001, Lee 2008, Boo 2010, Lee et al. 2011), Russia (Far East) (Kloczcova 1996), South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016), Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Huang 2000, Shao 2003-2014, Anon. 2012, Anon. 2012).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Verheij & Prud'homme van Reine 1993, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2014), Malaysia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Myanmar (Burma) (Soe-Htun et al. 2009), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Liao, Belleza & Gerldino 2013, Liao, Belleza & Gerldino 2013, Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014), Singapore (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Pham et al. 2011), Thailand (Coppejans et al. 2011, Tsutsui et al. 2012), Vietnam (Pham-Hoàng 1969, Kristiansen & Lind 1995, Abbott, Fisher & McDermid 2002, Tsutsui et al. 2005, Titlyanov et al. 2011, Titlyanov & Titlyanov 2012, Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015).

Australia and New Zealand: Houtman Abrolhos (Huisman 1997), Kermadec Islands (Nelson 2013), Lord Howe Island (Lewis 1985, Kraft 2009), New Zealand (Adams 1994 , Nelson 1999, Harper et al. 2012, Nelson et al. 2014), Norfolk Island (Millar 1999), North Island, NZ (Nelson 2013), Queensland (Lewis 1985, Cribb 1996, Phillips 1997, Phillips 2002, Kraft 2009), South Australia (Womersley 1987), Victoria (Womersley 1987), Western Australia (Womersley 1987, Huisman & Walker 1990, Huisman & Borowitzka 2003, Huisman et al. 2009, Huisman 2015).

Pacific Islands: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Easter Island (Santelices & Abbott 1987), Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003, Littler & Littler 2003), French Polynesia (Payri, N'Yeurt & Orempuller 2000, N'Yeurt & Payri 2006), Guam (Lobban & Tsuda 2003), Hawaiian Islands (Magruder & Hunt 1979, Abbott & Huisman, 2004, Huisman, Abbott & Smith 2007), Mariana Islands (Tsuda 2003), Marshall Islands (Taylor 1950, Dawson 1957), New Caledonia (Payri 2007, Silberfeld et al. 2011), Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (Tsuda 2014), Republic of Palau (Ohba et al 2007), Samoan Archipelago (Skelton & South 1999).

Key references
Boo, S.-M. (2010). Scytosiphonaceae, Petrospongiaceae. In: Algal flora of Korea. Volume 2, Number 1. Heterokontophyta: Phaeophyceae: Ectocarpales. Marine brown algae I. (Kim, H.-S. & Boo, S.-M. Eds), pp. [155]-185. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Boo, S.M. & Ko, Y.D. (2012). Marine plants from Korea. pp. [1] 5-233, many col. photographs. Seoul: Marine & Extreme Genome Research Centre Program.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Catra, M., Alongi, G. & Giaccone, G. (2012). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Phaeophyceae. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia 45: 1-508.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Huisman, J.M. (2015). Algae of Australia: marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 1. Green and brown algae. pp. [i]-viii, 1-320, 56 figs, 14 pls. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Kraft, G.T. (2009). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of Lord Howe Island and the southern Great Barrier Reef, 2. Brown algae. pp. [i-iv], v-vi, 1-364, 107 figs. Erratum of fig. 73 from vol. 1. Canberra & Melbourne: Australian Biological Resources Study and CSIRO Publishing.

Nelson, W.A. (2013). New Zealand seaweeds. An illustrated guide. pp. [1]-328. Wellington: Te Papa Press.

Norris, J.N. (2010). Marine algae of the Northern Gulf of California: Chlorophyta and Phaeophyceae. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 94: i-x, 1-276.

Pedroche, P.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar Rosas, R. (2008). Catálogo de las algas benthónicas del Pacífico de México II. Phaeophycota. pp. [i-viii], i-vi, 15-146. Mexicali & Berkeley: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana; Universidad Autónoma de Baja California; University of California Berkeley.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Santiañez, W.J.E., Lee, K.M., Uwai, S., Kurihara, A., Geraldino, P.J.L., Ganzon-Fortes, E.T., Boo, S.M. & Kogame, K. (2018). Untangling nets: elucidating the diversity and phylogeny of the clathrate brown algal genus Hydroclathrus, with the description of a new genus Tronoella (Scytosiphonaceae, Phaeophyceae). Phycologia 57(1): 61-78.

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2007). The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 132: 1-350.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka.

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1987). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia. Part II. pp. 481, 169 figs, 1 table, 8 plates, 4 maps. Adelaide: South Australian Government Printing Division.

Created: 05 August 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 22 February 2018 by Wendy Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 15118 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Johnson, K.A. & Dromgoole, F.I. (1977). Occurrence of Hydroclathrus clathratus in northern New Zealand waters. N.Z. J. Mar. Freshw. Res. 11: 269-272.
Oates, B.R. & Cole, K.M. (1990). Pit and hole production in the subtidal saccate alga Hydroclathrus clathratus (Phaeophyta, Scytosiphonales). Cryptogamic Botany 2: 12-16.
Wang, H., Chiu, L.C.M., Ooi, V.E.C. & Ang, P.O. Jr. (2010). A potent antitumor polysaccharide from the edible brown seaweed Hydroclathrus clathratus. Botanica Marina 53(3): 265-275.

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Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 May 2018.

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