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Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Fucales
Family Sargassaceae
Genus Cystoseira

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
Muigh Inis, Co. Galway; intertidal lagoon. 13 Jul 2018. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
subtidal, Ría de Vigo, Galicia, Spain, 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
subtidal, Ría de Vigo, Galicia, Spain, 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
Cystoseira baccata, lower intertidal, North of Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
Cystoseira baccata, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
upper subtidal, Ría de Camariñas, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
upper subtidal, Ría de Camariñas, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
upper subtidal, Ría de Camariñas, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
upper subtidal, Ría de Camariñas, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
upper subtidal, Ría de Camariñas, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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Fucus corneus Zoega

Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva upper subtidal, Ría de Camariñas, Galicia, Spain, 2012
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva 1952: 280

Published in: Silva, P.C. (1952). A review of nomenclatural conservation in the algae from the point of view of the type method. University of California Publications in Botany 25: 241-323.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Cystoseira is Cystoseira concatenata (Linnaeus) C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus baccatus S.G.Gmelin

Type information
Type locality: "Scheuelingensi prope Hagam (Schevelingen, Den Haag, The Netherlands) (Gmelin 1768: 90). Type: original illustration

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), berry-like, pulpy (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus baccatus S.G.Gmelin 1768

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus abrotanoides S.G.Gmelin 1768
Fucus fibrosus Hudson 1778
Cystoseira fibrosa (Hudson) C.Agardh 1820
Cystoseira thesiophylla Duby 1830
Phyllacantha fibrosa (S.G.Gmelin) Kützing 1843
Phyllacantha thesiophylla (Duby) Kützing 1860

Distributional notes
Excluded from the Mediterranean flora by Taskin et al (2012: 3) and by Cormaci et al. (2012: 302). - (5 Jun 2012) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Cystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva)
English: Bushy Berry Wrack (Bunker et al. 2010).

Description
Plants usually solitary, 1 m or more in length, attached by a thick, conical attaching disc. Axis simple or branched, up to 1 m in length, flattened, about 1 x 0.4 cm in transverse section; apex smooth and surrounded during periods of active growth by incurred young laterals. Lateral branch systems distichous, alternate, radially symmetrical, profusely branched in a repeatedly pinnate fashion and bearing sparse, filiform, occasionally bifurcate appendages on the branches of higher orders; deciduous, leaving decurrent bases which give an irregular, zigzag outline to the axis. Cryptostomata lacking. Aerocysts present in axes of branches of higher order, sometimes in chains; seasonal, particularly numerous in autumn. Receptacles 1-5 cm long, formed from axes of ultimate ramuli, irregularly nodose and bearing simple, filiform appendages.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Catra, M., Alongi, G. & Giaccone, G. (2012). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Phaeophyceae. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia 45: 1-508.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Sánchez, I., Fernández, C. & Arrontes, J. (2005). Long-term changes in the structure of intertidal assemblages following invasion by Sargassum muticum (Phaeophyta). Journal of Phycology 41: 942-949.

Taskin, E., Jahn, R., Öztürk, M., Furnari, G. & Cormaci, M. (2012). The Mediterranean Cystoseira (with photographs). pp. [2] 1-75, photographs. Manisa, Turkey: Celar Bayar University.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 26 August 2015 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 16589 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

González-Ballesteros, N., Prado-López, S., Rodríguez-González, J.B., Lastra, M. & Rodríguez-Argüelles, M.C. (2017). Green synthesis of gold nanoparticles using brown algae Cystoseira baccata: Its activity in colon cancer cells. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 153: 190-198.
Roberts, M. (1967). Studies on marine algae of the British Isles 4. Cystoseira baccata (Gmelin) Silva. British Phycological Bulletin 3: 367-378.
Rull Lluch, J., Gómez Garreta, A., Barceló, M.C. & Ribera, M.A. (1994). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. VII. Cystoseira C. Agardh (Grupo C. baccata) y Sargassum C. Agardh (S. muticum y S. vulgare). Botanica Complutensis 19: 131-138.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=92

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 November 2018.

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